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history The first civilizations


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Homo Sapien
all humans belong to this species
"thinking human beings"
evolved about 400,000 thousand years ago
Homo Habilis
humanity originated in this form
"skillful human being"
about 2 million years ago in Africa
Homo Erectus
immediate predecessor to Homo Sapien
emerged 1.5 million years ago
area of doubt and controversy
extended family
further extension of the family
Kinship Group
group of family
kin nuclear family
Paleolithic Revolution
beginning of man to 11,000
old stone age
age of stone tools
food gatherers
Mesolithic Revolution
began around 8000 BC and was limited to northwestern europe
10,000 to 7,000 BC
Water, fish and travel
crude canoes
not nomadic
domestication of animals
bow and arrow
revolution-implies dramatic action over a short time
Neolithic Revolution
10,000 7,000 BC
In around 11,000 BC people turned from gathering and hunting food to producing food
most imp event in human history
the rise of agriculture is the neolithic revolution
new stone age
feeding of larger populations
How/Why did the Paleolithic people developrevolution
1. domestication of plants and animals
2. Invention of fire
3. Improved technologies tools, weapons
4. Language and communication
Land between the Tigris and Euphrtes rivers home of early civilization
Neolithic Revolution-what were the earmarks of a society
the start of a society
cities/trade centers
economic specialization
common bonds of language, writing
fertile soil
easy domestication of animals
permanent settlements
ancient country of western asia
approximately to babylonia of biblical times
Patterns of Development or stages of societies
come to terms with their environmen
division of labor by sexes
increase in population drove the need for an increase in food supply
thus agriculture was born
storage of food became a task for the community
social cooperation and social control grew next with a need to protect the land they depended on
sometimes this occured through negotiation and sometimes WAR
bronze age
the time in the development of any culture
befor the introduction of iron
when most tools and weapons were made of bronze
the ancient city of Mesopotamia
capital of Sumer
ancient settlement in Mesopotamia on the site of present day al warka iraq
belief in the existence of manu gods or divine beings
it has been widespread in human curlures past and present
temple tower
the principal form of religious edifice in ancient mesopotamia
dedicated to deities
ziggurats were built from the 4th milennium BC
relating to or based on thr number 60
based on 60
used in ancient writing
term applied to a mode of writing utilizing wedge shaped strokes, inscribed mainly on clay
writing method of human intercommunication
any system of characters used in writiting
communication with words
the epic of gilgamesh
his quest for immortality
recounts the adventures of Gilgamesh
king of ancient city of Uruk mesopotamia
Akkadian king who for the first time in Mesopotamian history
unite the ancient lands of Sumer and Akkad
founder of the 3rd dynasty of Ur
Akkad revival under Ur-Nammu
reigned from 2113 to 2095
successful military leader
King of Babylonia
18th century BC
greatest ruler in the first babylonian dynasty
code of hammurabi
government by god
community governed by god
attribution of human characteristics to nonhumans
mesopotamian mythology
one of the senior deities of mesopotamia
revered as a lord by the sumerians anu known as an
Encil of Nippur
city in babylonia on the euphrates river
in sumerian time, it was a religios center
economic Specialization
jobs become specialized in the development of a society
Social Stratification
different levels of people

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