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Ch. 13 2


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In 1860 what groups accounted for three-fourths of all foreign-born Americans?
Irish and German
The main reason most European immigrants came to the United States between 1815 and 1860 was __________.
Economic advancement
Emigrants from Europe to America encountered all of the following except ___________.
Seperation of native countrymen
Where did German and Irish immigrants tend to settle in the United States?
Which statement best describes the Germans who came to the United States before 1860?
Different groups but spoke same language
How did the Irish and German immigrants of the 1840s differ from each other?
-Germans, no religion. Irish, Catholic or Protestant
-Germans, isolated, self-sufficient. Irish, poor, worked bad jobs in cities
In the case of Commonwealth v. Hunt, the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that ___________.
Labor unions were not illegal monopolies that restrained trade
Anti-Catholic sentiment in the United States in the 1830s and 1840s was based on which factors?
-Puritan biast
-Schools "Bible Riots"
-Rumors and biased
What was the response of American workers to the economic difficulties of the 1830s and 1840s?
Labor unions
The fate of the Donner party best illustrates __________.
-Americans desire to Manifest Destiny
-Hazards of pioneers
In the 1820s and 1830s, what kind of relationship did Americans have with the people and lands of the Far West?
-Remote and shadowy frontier
**Presidios were ___________.
Forts by Spaniards in Texas
Why were there so few Mexican immigrants in the New Mexico, California, and Texas territories by the 1830s?
-Missions failed (secular)
-Mexican gov. encouraged American colonization to get manufactured goods and protection from Indians
What was the cause of the increasingly tense relations between the Mexican government and the American residents in Texas after 1830?
-Way more Americans (slaveholders)
-Mexican government restricted power of individual states
Which one of the following was a result of the late 1840s California gold rush?
-Economic development of California
-Huge population boom
Which statement accurately describes travel to Oregon or California on the overland trails during the 1840s?
4 months, harsh
Along the overland trail, how did the duties of men and women compare?
Men-oxen. drove wagons, hunted
Women-packed, cooked, childbirths
The Indians whom white emigrants encountered along the overland trail commonly acted in what way?
The Whig political program in 1840 included _____________.
-National bank
-Tariff-generated revenues for internal improvements
Why was John Tyler’s ascendancy to the presidency a disaster for the Whig party?
-Favored Democrats states rights
-Against bank
-Erratic tariff rules
What were the reasons why some antislavery northerners believed there was a southern conspiracy to extend slavery into the Southwest?
-Mexico annexation would also mean Mexico, Cuba & Central America (all for slavery)
-Thought Texas would be 4-5 slave states
**The Senate rejected the treaty annexing Texas drawn up by Secretary of State Calhoun because __________.
It allowed slavery
What was one of the reasons that “dark horse” James K. Polk won the presidency in 1844?
Convinced northerners Texas would not be a slave state
In the 1840s, which of the following groups was not likely to support territorial expansion?
By the mid-1840s, what reason might many Americans have given to support territorial expansion?
-Manifest Destiny
-God and nature
-Freedom for all
-Agriculture to safeguard Democracy
For an antebellum American, “Manifest Destiny” meant that _________.
-God and nature justified it
-Freedom for all
-Agriculture to safeguard Democracy
What were President James K. Polk’s objectives in Oregon?
Did not want all because he did not want to go to war against Britain
**What were the background causes of the Mexican-American War?
-Mexican gov. owed $2 mil
-Alamo, Goliad
**What did President James K. Polk want from Mexico in 1845 and 1846?
-$25 mil
In the United States, opposition to the Mexican-American War included all of the following reasons except that _____________.
Mexican army was way bigger (SouthWest) than Americans

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