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Units 1-5 Vocabulary Final

The Test
*Parts of speech 1-10
*spelling 11-20
*definitions 21-40
*synonyms 41-51
*antonyms 52-61
*completing sentences 62-75

Terms

undefined, object
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Elicit
(v) to draw forth, bring out from some source Syn:call forth, evoke, extract, educe Ant:repress, quash, squelch, stifle
Meritorious
(adj) worthy, deserving recognition and praise Syn: praiseworthy, laudable, commendable Ant:blameworthy, reprehensible, discreditable
Stringent
(adj) strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste Syn:stern, urgent Ant:mild, lax
Sangfroid
(n) composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances Syn:poise, self-assurance, equanimity Ant:excitability, hysteria, flappability
Approbation
(n) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval Syn:commendation, sanction Ant:disaproval, condemnation, censure
Noncommittal
(adj) not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no Syn:cagey, uninformative, playing it safe, playing it close to the vest Ant: positive, definite, committed
Wheedle
(v) to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end Syn:cajole, inveigle, soft-soap, sweet-talk Ant:coerce, browbeat, intimidate, strong-arm
Transient
(adj) lasting only a short time, fleeting Syn:impermanent Ant:permanent (n) one who stays only a short time
Intrinsic
(adj) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part Syn:immanent, organic Ant:extrinsic, external, outward
Expiate
(v) to make amends, make up for, to avert Syn: redeem, make amends for, atone, make reparation
Aura
(n) that which surrounds; a distinctive air or personal quality Syn:ambience, atmosphere
Filch
(v) to steal especially in a sneaky and in petty amounts Syn:pilfer, purloin, swipe
Caveat
(n) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior Syn: admonition, word to the wise
Amnesty
(n) a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution
Exhort
(v) to urge strongly, advise earnestly Syn:entreat, implore, adjure Ant: discourage, advise against, deprecate
Sedulous
(adj) persistant, showing industry and determination Syn:assiduous, tireless, indefatigable Ant:lackadaisical, listless, indolent, otiose
Straitlaced
(adj) extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct; prudish, puritanical Syn:overly strict Ant:lax, loose
Abominate
(v) to have intense dislike for Syn:loathe, abhor, despise, detest Ant:relish, savor, cherish, esteem
Interloper
(n) one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder Syn:trespasser, meddler, buttinsky
Expedite
(v) to make easy, cause to progress faster Syn:accelerate, facilitate, speed up Ant:hinder, hamper, impede, obstuct
Umbrage
(n) shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade. an overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion Syn: irritation, pique, annoyance Ant:pleasure, delight, satisfaction
Irrevocable
(adj) incapable of being changed or called back Syn:irreversible, unrecallable, unalterable Ant:reversible, changeable
Salutary
(adj) beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome Syn:salubrious, curative Ant:detrimental, deleterious, pernicious
Fractious
(adj) tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary; unpredictable Syn: refractory, recalcitrant, peevish Ant:docile, tractable, cooperative
Seditious
(adj) resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government Syn:mutinous, rebellious, sibversive Ant:supportive, loyal, faithful, allegiant
Erudite
(adj) scholarly, learned, bookish, pedantic Syn:profoundly educated, well-read Ant:ignorant, uneducated, illiterate
Transcend
(v) to rise above or beyond, exceed Syn:surpass, outstrip
Ingratiate
(v) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others Syn:cozy up to, curry favor with Ant:alienate, humilate oneself, mortify oneself
Unwieldly
(adj) not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity Syn:cumbersome, bulky, clumsy, impractical Ant:manageable, easy to handle
Adventitious
(adj) resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential Syn:extrinsic, incidental, fortuitous Ant:essential, intrinsic, inherent, congenital
Assuage
(v) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench Syn:mitigate, alleviate, slake, allay Ant:intensify, aggravate, exacerbate
Epitome
(n) a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality Syn:abstract, digest, model, archetype
Axiomatic
(adj) self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule Syn:taken for granted Ant:questionable, dubious, controversial
Expostulate
(v) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning Syn: protest, remonstrate, complain
Commiserate
(v) to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress Syn:feel sorry for, empathize Ant:feel no sympathy for
Coalition
(n) a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose Syn:alliance, league, federation, combine Ant:splinter group
Ex Officio
(adj, adv) by virtue of holding a certain office
Simulate
(v) to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of Syn:feign, pretend, affect
Ascribe
(v) to assign or refer to, attribute Syn:impute, credit, attribute
Millennium
(n) a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy Syn:chiliad, golden age, prosperity, peace Ant: doomsday, day of judgement
Occult
(adj) mysterious, magical, supernatural; secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means Syn:supernatural Ant:common, public (v) to hide, conceal (n) matters involving the supernatural
Ferment
(n) a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence Syn:commotion, turmoil, unrest Ant:peace and quiet, tranquility, placidity (v)to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical reaction
Acculturation
(n) the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend Syn:adaptation
Vapid
(adj) dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force Syn:lifeless, colorless, insipid Ant:zesty, spicy, savory, colorful, lively
Flout
(v) to mock, treat with contempt Syn:scoff at, sneer at, snicker at, scorn Ant:obey, honor, revere, uphold
Provincial
(adj) pertaining to an outlaying area, localm narrow in mind or outlook Syn:narrow-minded Adj:cosmopolitan (n)a person with a narrow mind
Permeate
(v) to spread through, penetrate, soak through
Callow
(adj) without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers Syn:green, raw, unfledged, inexperienced Ant: mature, grown-up, polished, sophisticated
Remonstrate
(v) to argue or plead with someone against something, protest against, object to Syn:reason against, expostulate
Petulant
(adj) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset Syn:irritable, testy, wasphish Ant:even-tempered, placid, serene, amiable
Prerogative
(n) a special right or privilege; a special quality showing excellence Syn: perquisite, perk
Lurid
(adj) causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint Syn: gruesome, gory, grisly, baleful, ghastly Ant:pleasant, attractive, appealing, wholesome
Infringe
(v) to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds Syn:encroach, impinge, intrude, poach Ant:stay in bounds
circuitous
(adj) roundabout, not direct Syn:indirect, meandering, winding Ant:straight, direct, as the crow flies
Surmise
(v) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to guess Syn:infer, gather (n)likely idea that lacks definite proof Syn:inference, presumption
Lassitude
(n) weariness of body or mind, lack of energy Syn:fatigue, lethargy, torpor, languor Ant:energy, vitality, animation, liveliness
Drivel
(n) saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense Syn: balderdash, hogwash, tommyrot (v) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly Syn:slaver
Peculate
(v) to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use Syn:embezzle, defraud, misappropriate
Amorphous
(adj) shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization, unity, or cohesion Syn:formless, unstructured, nebulous, inchoate Ant: definite, well-defined, clear-cut
Propensity
(n) a natural inclination or predilection toward Syn:natural bent, proclivity, penchant Ant:natural incapacity or inability
Inadvertent
(adj) resulting from or marked by lack of attention, unintentional, accidental Syn:accidental, unconsidered Ant: deliberate, intentional, premeditated
Hackneyed
(adj) used so often as to lack freshness or originality Syn:banal, trite, commonplace, corny Ant:new, fresh, novel, original
Proclivity
(n) a natural or habitual inclination or tendency Syn:natural bent, penchant, propensity Ant:inability or incapacity
Precipitate
(v) to gall as moistur; to hurl down from a freat height, to give distinct form to Syn: provoke, produce (adj)characterized by excessive haste Syn:reckless, impetuous Ant:wary, cautious, circumspect (n)moisture; the product of an action
Decadence
(n) decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence Syn:degeneration, corruption Ant:rise, growth, development, maturation
Bombastic
(adj) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas Syn: inflated, highfalutin, high-flown, pretentious Ant:unadorned, simple, plain, austere

Deck Info

66

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