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Wisconsin Adventure


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After the glaciers melted, how had they affected the climate and the soil?
The glaciers affected the climate by all the water they left behind. Wisconsin lies between a large lake and river, giving it a milder climate than nearby states. The soil was affected by the deposits of minerals and decayed plants and animals left behind which made rich soil in southeastern Wisconsin.
The Lake Superior Lowlands
Located in the northern tip of the state. It has some soil that is rich and some that is red clay.
What were an atlatl and a bannerstone, and how were they used?
An atlatl was an instrument used for throwing spears. A bannerstone was a weight used on an atlatl to give it more force or power.
Archaic Indians
*Built villages or camps
*Hunted and fished
*Gathered nuts, berries, and other plant foods
*Strong economy
Who were the Laurel people?
The Laurel People were a tribe of Woodland people who lived in northern Wisconsin. They build mounds, made simple pottery, and developed a tribal religion and a strong economy.
Woodland Indians
*May be related to Ho-Chunk and Menominee
*Made pottery, grew crops
*Hunted and fished
*Strong economy and culture
a stage of social and cultural development
belief and customs handed down from parents to children
Who were the Old Copper people?
The Old Copper people were a tribe of Archaic Indians who made copper tools and jewelry
Mississippi Indians
*Lived at the same time as Woodlands
*Built permanent villages with wooden walls and watch towers
*Mounds built inside village
*May have been cannibals
an image
something secret or unknown
What was the Hopewell Culture?
The Hopewell Culture was an unusual tribe of Woodland people. They shaped the earth into huge patterns and created art works of copper, mica and stone.
The Western Uplands
a scenic region with craggy cliffs that line rivers which flow through the valleys.
The Central Plains
Smooth with poor soil. The Dells is an example of an unusual rock formation left by the glaciers.
Who were the Red Ocher people?
The Red Ocher people were a tribe of Archaic Indians who lived in southern Wisconsin and poured red powder over their burial sites.
The Eastern Ridges and Lowlands
An area of mild climate with good soil. The Horicon Marsh and Lake Winnebago are here.
How do scientists learn about early people who lived in an area?
study artifacts, remains of campfires and graves, human or animal bones, and garbage and trash heaps
a solemn ceremony
a hill or small mountain with a flat top
the way something is arranged
Who were the mound builders?

What were effigy mounds?
The mound builders were Woodland Indians.
Effigy mounds were 3 feet high piles of dirt which were several hundred feet long and wide and shaped like animals. They may have been used for burials, marking clan territories, for religious rites or for meeting places.
to bend or twist out of shape
a separative line
The Northern Highlands
Rolling hills formed from old mountains. The soil is sandy with small lakes, marshes, and streams.
living peacefully, or in accord with one another
What is unusual about the Wisconsin River and the Fox River as they flow close to one another near Portage?
They flow close to one another in opposite directions.
to rot
How could early Native Americans have come into America?
They came into America when the water level of the ocean between Asia and Alaska was lower becauese much of the water was glacial ice. They walked over the exposes land and moved slowly to the south.
a long, low ridge of rocks, sand, and soil left by glaciers
Wisconsin isn in what region of the United States?
Midwest Region of the United States
a group of related families
solemn rites
weather pattern
supply of goods and money
the customs and acts of a people
a set of things or parts forming a whole; all of the steps or metods in a set means of doing something
something made by human hands
Paleo Indians
*Lived at the end of the Ice Age
*Came to America by crossing the land bridge
*Moved in small family groups looking for food
*Used fluted spear points
a part of a geographical area
the amount of water present in something
a person who eats human flesh
How did life in Wisconsin change when the glaciers covered most of the state?
The glaciers covered the food. When food became scarce the mammoths died out and the hunters and their families moved south.
crushing into tiny bits or powder
What states share borders with Wisconsin?
Michigan to north
Illinois to south
Minnesota and Iowa on the west

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