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Soc 102 Final


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Functionalist Perspective of Poverty and homelessness
-View inequality as a necessity for the maintenance of society. -Extremes between rich and poor are common in most societies and are a result of MALFUNCTIONS WITHIN THE ECONOMY.
Conflict Perspective of Poverty and Homelessness
-High level of inequality we find in the US is NOT INEVITABLE. -Argues that the economic system of CAPITALIST countries operates to create and perpetuate a high degree of economic inequality. -Political action as the most effective tool to combat poverty.
Interactionist Perspective of Poverty and Homelessness
-Focus on the CULTURAL DIFFERENCES between poor and the wealthy. -Poor people need to help change individual SELF-IMAGE shaped by defeat and rejection. -Poverty TRAPS poor people psychologically, economically and socially.
What is home?
-Prior 1960s= place where family lives. -1960s=fixed address -1980s=private space
Reasons for increase in Shelter use?
1) 3,500 new shelters built 2) relaxed rules 3) upgraded facilities 4) alternatives 5) Families 6) recession/economy
-Sought to reduce the number of patients in state mental hospitals. -Different policies moved patients to different places (such as casting them to the streets or homeless shelters).
The Crack Epidemic
-Arrival of crack in mid 1980s. -Helped explain the increase in homelessness from 1984-1988, when unemployment was falling.
Jobs among Men
-Joblessness in men rose to 10.5% in September 2009, due to recession -largest job losses are in construction, manufacturing and gov.
Jobs/marriage among women
-Women\'s personal incomes were rising. -Marriages (other main source of economic support) are in decline.
Shortage of Affordable Housing
SROs replaced by shopping malls, buildings, ect. (GENTRIFICATION) -Destruction of low income houseing made it harder to create house for poor when numbers began to grow.
Solutions for Affordable housing?
-More affordable housing -Imrpove Disability benefits -Families with Children (reduce racial/economic segregation)
Health Care care reform can help people EXCEPT....
Increase in prescription drug costs
Absolute Poverty
Defined as having insufficient resources to provide a minimum standard of living. -individuals/familes who income is AT OR BELOW the federal poverty threshold.
Why would the number of individuals with disabilities keep increasing?
-Have more medical technology, so there is more ways to diagnosis a persons problem.
Heath Care reform?
-to control escalating care costs. -assure high-quality, affordable health care for all Americans -Invest in prevention and wellness
Functionalist Perspective for Health Care
-Draws attention to how changes in society affect. -Addresses the function and disfunctions of the medial industry (focuses on institution) MACRO
Extreme Poverty
is those who are at 50% or lower on the poverty threshold.
Relative Poverty
Not used much
Conflict Perspective of Health Care
Patterns of heath and illness reflect systematic inequalities based on ethnicity/race or gender, and also difference in power, values and interests. (MACRO)
Interactionalist Perspective of Health Care
-Acknowledges how illness is created and sustained according toa set of shared SOCIAL beliefs and definitions. -Address how SOCIAL, POLITICAL, AND CULTURAL meanings effect our definition and response to heath and illness (MICRO)
denying mortgage loans to minority neighborhoods
Geographic steering
discouraging minorities from any neighborhood that wasn\'t majority minorities
What questions could be asked by those who possess a sociological imagination?
-What is the structure of the society? -Where does the society stand in human history? -What varieties of men and women have power in the society?
Cultural Capital
Knowledge of \'higher culture\' such as art and music, which is rewarded in the education system.
US health care system remains unique among industrialized nations because...
-The system is in private hands -the system proides care on a a fee-for-service basis and a multi-payer system.

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