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IAH exam 1


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kyrie eleison composer
kyrie time period
medieval, 500-600 AD
what was kyrie used for
a chant for mass, or a public service
what style is kyrie
ordinary, meaning the same words are used with different melodies, no matter who the composer
what is the pattern of kyrie
aaa, bbb, ccc
kyrie eleison, christie eleison, kyrie eleison
what is the form of kyrie
3 part from- formal procedure
kyrie- what does mellismatic mean
4 or more notes per syllable
what is unique about the language in kyrie?
most masses are in latin, although kyrie is in greek
who was the composer of pange lingua
st thomas aquinas
when was pange lingua written?
13th century medieval
what is pange lingua used for?
hymn- proper, specific to a certain day in the church
what is the style of pange lingua?
it is responsorial- one person sings a phrase and others join in a phrase
what is the form of pange lingua?
strophe- or verse, there are 4 verses or stanzas. each stanza has 6 lines and are formed in pairs
what is different about the notes from kyrie and pange lingua?
pangua is syllabic- one note per syllable
kyrie is mellesmatic- 4 or more notes per syllable
what does the text of pange lingua mean?
praising the miracle of christs birth and death
who composed quan vei la laustza?
bernart de ventadorn
what is sound
vibration through air we can hear
what is frequency
the time it takes to trave;
the way we percieve frequency determined by frequency
info about polenesian music
vocal chant
2-3 pitches
1 melodic line
info about african
rhythm imp
call response singing- gospel or soul
4 catagories of primitive music
membrophones-drums with skin heads
ideophones- solid
aerophones- air column
info about n american indian
sand painting- cures
music and dance for good harvest, harmony, etc
vocal- repeated melody
where is mesopotamia and the 5 eras
modern iraq
meso pyrimid to worship patron god- a giant alter
what is a stele
stone announcement
how did they write?
cuneiform- pictoral, symbols and sounds
what was meso music used for
religion, glorify state, entertainment
what do egyptians believe about death
life continues after death, you need your body and things
many obstacles after death
whats important to the ceremonies in egyptian and meso tombs
harp (originally a shooting bow
whats the important instrument to the greeks
lyre, (kithara is the larger version
in what year were the greeks completely conquered and reconstructed
1200 BC; 800 BC
what is the heroic age
tales of homer passed through telling stories
what was the art like in the archeaic era of greek?
are was more realistic, but not realistic enough to emphasize details
art in the classic era of greek
perfect art, they looked somewhat realistic, but all the same and "perfect"
the mesos and the egyptians worshiped ____ gods
animal or animal/humans
the greeks worshipped ____ gods
powerful but with human like qualities
at he end of the archaeic era, ____ doubted the gods
predictable events
unpredictable events
egyptian art is ____
the beauty of form was in the ___ era of greece
more emotional and romantic art was in the ____ era of greece
in greece, the temples were __
elevated above the city
the high places in greece
the standard temple of greece
who was allowed in the parthenon
everyone. all free members of society
whats important about the cella in the parthenon of greece
anyone can enter, this is where wealth was stored
describe greek music
rational, order, harmony,
what instruments were important in greek music
lyre- noble (apollo)
kithera (apollo)
aulos (reed) exciting, disturbing- aronysus
whats dionysus
greek theater and plays
whats unique about greek plays
actors always sang, all have a chorus, chorus monophonic to represent community, all in unity to explain
one note at a time, one melody
sustained pitch
lyric poetry
greek- accompanied by a lyre,kithera, or guitar
what was plato concerned about in greek music
that its affecting the city, it affects character
the early greeks wrote in... (dev of music)
ethos or modes
middle ages wrote in...(dev of music)
chant, 8 modes, byzantine
1600 (dev of music)
tonality, sense of key, major ,minor, modes
a sense of noted arranged in succession in a rhythmic pattern
a regular pulse or beat within a music
a combination of notes producing chords within a piece of music
1/8, 1/4, 1/5 - perfect
1/3, 1/6- not perfect
1/2 1/7
4 types of modes (old greek)
2 or more independant monophony lines sung at a same time
different from the order of whole and half steps
the way different music combinations are combined
who is paracles
the king of athens
high above athens, optical illusion
athena statue in athens parthenon
gold and ivory, 40 ft tall, burned because too expensive, thedeus exiled for life
when was athens most powerful
interior to egyptian temples
mutlple layers,
only priests allowed in
interior to greek temples
exterior columns
houselike structure
all people allowed in
parthenon- triangle at top
statues and symbols of athena and battle
parthenon- below triangle
relief sculpture, some only from front and sides
parthenon- frize
sculpture area- scenes of athena and battle
top pf column
doric order
simple, geometric shape
ionic order
curving, flowing
parthenon- steps
all around, represent accessability to the world
parthenon- columns
shaped like human body
greek philosophy
athens was the rise
balance between religion and reason
asked around about truth and "why", was tried for impiety
greek music in athens
was an emphasis on harmony and proportions
who conquered the persians
what are the 3 areas of the greek empire
hellenistic world
-greek dominant lang
-people werent citizens of city, but of empire
- fight for the state
-people not allowed to participate in public affairs
hellenistic art
entertainment- exciting and emotional
large theaters with music
how did the roman king leave
replaced by republic in 500 BC
who first attacked the romans
barbarians (gauls) and took everything
how did the romans chang eafter being first attacked
decided to attack people first
adopted latin and roman culture
30 BC rome
rise of the roman empire
whta did the romans adopt of the greeks
art, archetecture, religion
what was roman religiona
worshipped many gods
emperor was a god
when was roman pantheon built
50-100 AD
-represents unity or romans and proportion
romans plays and fights (gladiators)
what was unique about the roman world
sewers and water supply
the arch
the vault
what did the romans use to build their temples
volcanic ash- light, strong, durable
when did rome become a republic
500 BC
roman expansion
ruler of western empire
stopped losing too many battles, began taxing for the money loss
roman empire
adopted latin and roman
rich and poor desparity
destruction of jewish state
pax romana
greatest flourishing of empire
"roman peace"
roman- ran by husband
- if he is unpleased, wife is out
roman slavery
by being captured in warfare
roman art
much hellensitic greek art,
to glorify state, emperor, militaty conquest
nobles, generals, emperors,
very realistic
serious, demanding, not self indulgent, serve , sacrifice
roman temples
many rectangular temples
many gods
similar to greek
roman jews
isolated themselves in palistine
fought romans in jeruselum
the became the early christian church
confronted romans
fire in rome
blamed in christians
put them in colleseum to die
saw a sign that told him to fight and he won
christian emporers
christianity became state religion- all others went to jail
christian- collesiun
banned for killing
christianity- drinking
society became sober
christianity- considered sins
anything fun or exciting
roman music before christianity
music and poetry in homes
-music in drama
-music in arena
roman music after christianity
shouldnt be pleasureable, only songs for God
st augustine
rome- if careful music is ok
- nothing exciting or secular
-no instruments
chant 600s
gregory (middle ages)
text on one pitch- psalms, readings, no meter
roman mass
celebration of the lords supper
roman office
diff times of the day, hours
psalms and hymns
early christian basilica
like in a ship
dome on end
adopted from pagan gods
also a meeting place for government
art in chistian age
little bits of colored stone
secular music
handed down by oral tradition
troubador song
courtly love song
noble woman, common man
originated in southern france
romanesque basilica
shape of a cross
100 AD, service to saints
3 doors- represnts trinity and perfection
400-500 AD
people became depressed
barbarians invade
invadors of italy and spain
invadors of n africa
invaded everyone
after roman was invaded in500s
people lived in country
didnt move
spoke latin
church people were safer
gallian chant
france- oral
roman chant
rome- orally
400-800 AD
dark ages
empire of charlemange
chants from rome had to be translated
promoted writing and wrote chants
copy books, build chapels
romanesque era
orally transmitted info became written
things became more positive again

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