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Greek Mythology


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values held dear by the greeks
beauty, marriage & infidelity, love & hate, peace & war, trust & betrayal, & innocence & lust
did they live in marital bliss
hestia.....(sister of zeus)
virgin goddess. worshipped by women who dedicated themselves to chastity
nymphs that lived in tha woods & dwelled inside trees
what happnd to pro, the young titan
he was chained to a rocky cliff AND zeus sent a vulture by day to devour pro liver and intestines. at night they grew back but the next day it happd all over again...........w0ww...........
did hephaestus like punishing pro.?
no no was good and kind!
(buried souls)
all except ______________.
atlas, whose job was to hold up the sky while standing at the edge of the earth
cronus now became leader of the ______, even though he was the _______
titans; youngest
2 parts that make up hades
erebus & tartarus
where did the cyclopes build a palace for the gods
mt. olympus
who did zeus send
twin giants. kratos ( power ) & bia ( force ) to see hephaestus to have him bound pro.
love poetry
deeper region of no escape
chinese folklore
fuhi(father of chinese civilization) escaped great flood w/ wife, 3 sons, & 3 daughters. painting-fuhi's boat in water w/ dove carrying olive branch swimming toward it
what is mythology
an attempt to provide answers to ?'s a/b the world
what gift did zeus give pandora
why did the gods reign for many years & why were they unable to die
b/c ichor flowed through their veins
poets in need of inspiration have called upon _________ for centuries
the 9 muses
who did zeus order to make pandora
gaea created ______ & ________, b/c she __________
typhon & echidna(created to defeat zeus), b/c she was angry that zeus had confined the titans in tarturus
was epimetheus known for his intelligence
place of arrival
who also lived there
sleep & death
what monstrous figures lived near the entrance of hades
the harpies, the gorgons, and the centaurs
daughters of poseidon that lived in the sea
who did zeus call for to bring the woman hephaestus had made
master of the skies & earth
what character in the bible does pandora resemble
why was zeus fearful
b/c pro. had strengthened the human race & he was scared humans would rebel against the gods
what did uranus do w/ his children
he decided to imprison them in the depths of the earth
who named pandora
pro. still believed that humans needed
how did the greeks bury their dead
w/ coins in mouths to pay charon (ferryman on river) for passage to styx
with dione, zeus produced
who was in tartarus
titans, tantalus, sisyphus, exion, danards, and tityus
who created the mtns & the seas
gaea(mother earth)
choral dance & song
the great earth god, the god of woods & fields. half man & half goat
did pro. see punishment coming
prometheus' name means
"foresight" (he knew how the battle would end & he sided w/ winners)
epic poetry
iapetus mated w/ the nymph _______ & they produced _____________________________
clymens; atlas, prometheus, epimetheus, and menocticus
what did metis advise zeus to do
to create allies to overthrow cronus. she gave cronus herb that she promised to make cronus "unconquerable" but it caused him to vomit up children & rock
demeter........(sister of zeus)
oversaw task of helping to grow crops
3 fates
clotho- spun threads of person's youth. lachesis- wound them on spindle. atropos- eldest symbol of death who cut threads w/ shears
the gods who lived on mt. olympus had control over
earth & nature, but they had no decision of length of handiwork
the titans rebelled against the gods all except
oreanus, epimetheus, & prometheus
aphrodite is the goddess of _____________________
love, beauty, & romance
what power did epimetheus give to humans
powers to make them greater than the animals
who were the shades judged by
a tribunal led by hades
who was the messenger of the gods
iris (rainbow) between earth & olympus
what did the 4 seasons do to pandora
combed her hair & breathed life into her
greeks created gods _______________
in their own image
artemis was the goddess of the....
who could not cross
unburied souls
who was king of the underworld
what do many great mythologies share the 2 stories of
1) creation of man from dust & 2) flood that destroyed the earth
in the beginning there was ____
chaos-modern meaning confusion. comes from greek word that means abyss
what is the underworld
where the shades of the dead go for reward or punishment after death
lyric poetry
hera......(sister of zeus)
became zeus' wife & patron goddess of family & marriage
zeus released ___________
the cyclopes & other monstrous children of uranus
sons of hera & zeus
ares(god of war) & hephaestus (god of forge, but became blacksmith of the gods)
contributions made by the greeks
olympics, science & math, drama & poetry, medicine, mythology, paintings & sculptures, philosophy, classical literature, & law govt. & democracy
who was eventually to free pro
b4 zeus married hera, who did he marry
metis- produced athene(unusual birth)
the others went to
the elysian fields
zeus ________ & _______
banished cronus to the ends of the earth; set himself up as master of the universe
who was queen of the underworld
how was aphrodite brought into the world
she arose from the foam in the sea where cronus had thrown uranus' body parts into the sea
who taught men how to walk
who did hephaestus use as a model to make pandora
cronus married ________, & they gave gave birth to the first 6 gods _____________________________
rhea; zeus, hades, poseidon, (female...)hera, demeter, & hestia
god of the seas & oceans
what did epimetheus do with the jar
hid it from her in a cup board
she became the goddess of ...
where was pro. place of punishment
caucasus mtns.
who did gaea marry
did pro. defy zeus
lenni lenape indians in north america
time when powerful snake made all men evil. sent water to destroy everthing. man named monabozho (gfather of all men) saved by riding on the back of a great turtle
who were the centaurs
half man and half horse
beautiful young women who guarded different parts of nature
gods could not interfere with whattttt
the wrk. of these 3 sistas
were humans amazed by fire
Yeah!! and thay drew close!
gaea & uranus' children
12 titans, 3 cyclopes, & 3 monsters
what did pro. make men out of to please zeus
with maia(daughter of atlas), they produced....
hermes "herald of the gods"
lord of the underworld
why were the caucasus mtns. terrible
wind, lighting, & snow!
pro. knew that humans needed ability to...
think! he taught them all the things that athene had taught him
sacred poetry
who finally made peace w/ who
gaea made peace w/ zeus
there are more than ___ flood stories & historic records in the world
those who committed crimes went to
when you first arrived at the underworld you.........
crossed the river styx to hades
what biblical figures do deucalion & pyrrha resemble
noah & wife
pandora was beautiful but she couldn't.......?
who was the one child that would help gaea kill uranus
what 5 rivers separated hades from the world above
acheron, cocytus, phlegethon, styxm and lethe
who were the gorgons
3 sisters- euryale, stethro, & medusa
what did pro. teach humans in addition
- how to build houses. - basics a/b medicine. - how to write. - how to figure arithmetic
oceanus married _________
tethys. and they gave birth to the earth's rivers
who were echidnas children that zeus allowed to live
nemean lion, cerberus, ladon, chimera, sphinx, & hydra
pan often played his
"pipes" - set of tubes made of reeds bound together
did epimetheus marry pandora
apollo was the god of the....
where did pro. make fire
from the hearth on mt. olympus. caught spark in hollow fennel stalk & built bonfire for men
why did gaea want to kill uranus
b/c she disapproved of him imprisoning their children
with leto (daughter of titan, coeus), zeus produced twins _________ & ______
apollo & artemis
rhea sneaked away ____ in a ______ w/ his gmother, _____
zeus; cave; gaea
everybody fled from typhon & echidna by
disquising themselves as animals
who was the guardian of hades
cerberus- a 3 headed dog w/ tail of dragon
the 9 muses....?!?!?!?!
-daughters of zeus & mnemosyne. - lived on heights of mounts parnassus, pindos, and helieon. - springs & streams were sacred to them. - palm & laurel. - goddesses of various arts.... mostly literature
who gave pandora a voice
comic drama
b/c cronus was fearful that one of his children would murder him, what did he do to each child as it was born
swallowed them
how did cronus kill uranus
he crept into his room at night, killed him, & mutilated his body
what did echidna do
she fled to a cave
what were zeus' next orders for hephaestus
to take pandora to epimetheus & tell him that she was a peace offering & she was to be epimetheus wife. jar as dowry
what does epimetheus' name mean....?
how long was this punishment to meant to last
which primitive civilizations have their own mythologies
greeks, romans, aztecs, egyptians, indians, chinese, native americans, & vikings
how did the cyclopes reward him for releasing them
they gave zeus a thunderbolt used to create fire from heaven
from now on pro. = prometheus
: ]
when across the river where did they go
to lethe to drink
who did zeus marry
metis, a titan daughter(goddess of prudence)
who were hyperion & theia's children
helios-(the sun), selene-(the moon), and eos-(the dawn)
how long did the battle last
10 yrs
what's another myth for when after pan opens the box
zeus wiped out mankind w/ flood saving only deucalion & pyrrha to repopulate the earth
tragic drama
who does poseidon look like
tritan!!!!! from the little mermaid!!!!!!!!!!
was pan often seen?
noo but wheneva he played his music, ppl who were in the woods would panic!!! bahahahahaha.
what all went inside the jar
misery! sickness! death! hardwork! anger! jealousy! madness! hunger! old age! and hope was tucked away at the bottom
who were the 3 goddesses that controlled the destiny of every mortal
the fates
who was the greatest of the titans
zeus pinned typhon under
mt. etna ... making him a volcano
pro. went on a long journey & left epimetheus wit a wat!
pro. would have to teach men to use fire how?
gods never died.....why.......
b/c they live on in myths & in the constellations
what item in the jar was buried at the bottom
zeus was preparing a
who had warned who not to take gifts from the gods
pro.; epi
what happened when pandora opened the jar
scream & smell & then a wind rushed out & evil came into the world
who dressed pandora
the other gods
after the titans were defeated what happd to them
zeus severly punished them by bounding most of them w/ chains & threw them into the depths of the earth

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