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MTEL Science: Mass Frameworks Glossary


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modification of an organism or its parts that makes it more fit for existence under the condtions of its environment
the gaseous envelope of a celestial body (as a planet)
Any technique that uses living organisms, or parts of organisms, to
make or modify products, improve plants or animals, or to develop microorganisms for
specific uses.
the average course or condition of the weather at a place usually over a period
of years as exhibited by temperature, wind velocity, and precipitation.
The successful transmission of information through a common system
of symbols, signs, behavior, speech, writing, or signals.
A material capable of transmitting another form of energy (as heat or
A limit to the design process. These may be such things as appearance,
funding, space materials, and human capabilities.
The systematic act or process of building, erecting, or constructing
buildings, roads, or other structures.
An organism requiring complex organic compounds for food which it
obtains by preying on other organisms or by eating particles of organic matter.
Any of various organisms (as many bacteria and fungi) that return constituents
of organic substances to ecological cycles by feeding on and breaking down dead
An iterative decision-making process that produces plans by which resources
are converted into products or systems that meet human needs and wants or solve problems.
A written plan that identifies a problem to be solved, its criteria, and its
constraints. This is used to encourage thinking of all aspects of a problem
before attempting a solution.
Design Brief
A systematic problem solving strategy, with criteria and constraints,
used to develop many possible solutions to solve a problem or satisfy human needs and
wants and to winnow (narrow) down the possible solutions to one final choice.
Design Process
The complex of a community of organisms and its environment functioning
as an ecological unit.
The complete path of an electric current including usually the source
of electric energy.
Electric Circuit
A flow of electric charge.
Electric Current
The capacity for doing work.
A person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge
to solve practical problems.

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