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Race and Ethnicity


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Native American
15% of adults unemployed (5% national average)
a negative attitude based on faulty generalizations about members of racial or ethnic groups; often based on stereotypes
Native Americans
(Ethnic Groups in America) 10,000 years ago
Native Americans
1/3 on reservations
1850s-1880s; railroads and mining in the West
(patterns of Minority Group Treatment in Societies) forced control and repression of minority groups (slavery and segregation (de factor or de jure)
Taiwan and Hong Kong
second wave in the 1960s
Robert Merton
who developed the four combinations of attitudes and responses (prejudiced non-discriminator, etc.)
German and Irish
1840s (still largest groups) - (White ethnics)
Arrived in 1950s (upper class) 1970s (poor); huge influence in Fla
French, German (Catholic)
(Ethnic Groups in America) 1700
set of attitudes, beliefs and practices that are used to justify the superior treatment of one racial or ethnic group and the inferior treatment of another
(patterns of Minority Group Treatment in Societies) blending of groups into a single common culture (can be forced)
Historically dominant group in American society
English, Scotch-Irish, African
(Ethnic Groups in America) 1600
indirect institutionalized
large scale organizational practices that have a harmful effect, though not created or intended to do so
ethnic/cultural pluralism
(Patterns of Minority Group Treatment in Societies) coexistence of a variety of distinct groups
population transfer
(patterns of Minority Group Treatment in Societies) transferring, switching or removing groups to another region or nation
African American
successful in entertainment industry (only areas they were "allowed")
five characteristics shared by ethnic groups
unique cultural traits, a sense of community, some feeling of ethnocentrism, ascribed membership, shared territory
over generalizations about the characteristics of members of a social category; like prejudice can be positive or negative
African American
population: 12-13%; mostly in rural South and urban North 10% unemployed
individual discrimination
one-on-one acts by members of a dominant group vs. a subordinate group
legal protection
(Patterns of Minority Group Treatment in Societies) laws passed to ensure the protection of minority groups
small group discrimination
acts committed by a limited # of dominant group members; social norms or other dominant group members do not support it
Native American
most economically and socially disadvantaged group in the nation
isolate, small group, direct institutionalized, indirect institutionalized
four major types of discrimination
institutional discrimination
day-to-day practices of organizations and institutions that have a harmful impact on subordinate groups
tend to be very wealthy (New England) or quite poor (Appalachia)
(patterns of Minority Group Treatment in Societies) genocide and "ethnic cleansing"
(theory) some people look for scapegoats to take out their failed attempts to reach goals
actions or practices of a dominant group that have a harmful impact on members of subordinate groups
(Ethnic Groups in America) 1500
direct institutionalized
large scale, organized action that intentionally has a negative impact on subordinate group members with the support of social norms
social distance
how much social "space" is there between differing racial or ethnic groups in society
Latino/Hispanic Americans
new largest minority group; 13-14%
White Anglo-Saxon Protestants
what do the initials WASP stand for?
White ethnics
European (non-protestant)
Chinese Exclusion Act
1882 act to ban Asians from immigrating to the United States
Jewish, S and E Europe (Catholic)
(Ethnic Groups in America) 1900 (1914-1918)
Irish, Scandinavian, Chinese (Catholic), Japanese (Catholic)
(Ethnic Groups in America) 1800
social learning
(theory) people copy what they see and grow up with
authoritarian personality
(theory) highly prejudiced people tend to have this personality trait
Native American
suicide rate 2x general population; alcohol abuse causes 1 in 3 deaths
Asians (S and SE), Hispanics/Latinos
(Ethnic Groups in America) 2000
Puerto Ricans
US Territory; have citizenship; most live in Fla and NY
ethnicity/ethnic group
a collection of people distinguished, by others or themselves, primarily on the basis of cultural, linguistic, religious or nationality characteristics (Jewish, Italian, Irish, Mexican, Indian, etc...)
1965- Cold War and the American Civil Rights Movement
Congress passed Immigration Act (if you escape from communist country, USA will take you)
African American
40% of children live in poverty (10% whites)
isolate discrimination
harmful acts by dominant members; occurs w/out support from other dominant group members

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