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S.S. Chapter 4

Terms

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pharaoh
the titles used by the rulers of ancient Egypt
unification
the joining of seperate parts such as kingsoms into 1
economy
the way people manage money an recources for the production of goods and services
irrigation
the watering of dry land by means of canals or pipes
silt
a mixture of tiny bits of soil carried and deposited by a river
Lower Egypt
the northern part of ancient Egypt
empire
a group of lands and people ruled by one government
merchant
shopkeeper- one who sells goods
Ahmose
New Kingdom pharaoh who drove the Hykos out of the Nile Delta and reunited Egypt
papyrus
a reed plant growing along the Nile that ancient Egyptians used for paper
Valley of the Kings
West of Thebes in ancient Egypt, the burial place of 30 New Kingdom pharaohs
Nile River
the world's longest river, which flows Northword through East Africa into the Meditteranean Sea
social pyramid
a diagram illustrating the divisions within a culture; the most powerful usually goes at the top and it works its way down
Hatshepsut
one of the few woman Egypt pharaohs; organized a trade expedition to Egypt's southern neighbor, Punt
pyramid
huge stone structure built as tomb for pharaoh
Khufu
Egyptian pharaoh who built the great pyramid
expedition
a group of people who go on a trip for a specific reason
scribe
a proffesional writer who kept records and copied letters and official documents
artisan
craftworker
hieroglyphics
the ancient Egyptian system of writing that used symbols to stand for objects ideas or sounds
Thebes
an ancient city in Upper Egypt that became the capital of the New Kingdom
Memphis
capital of Egypt's old Kingdom located on the Nile near present day Cairo
Menes
established 1st capital of Memphis
Great Pyramid
built by Khufu-biggest of all
Howard Carter
Egyptologist- discovered King Tut's tomb, 1922
Tutankhamen
Egyption pharaoh who ruled fomr about the ages of 7 to 17; his tomb remained nearly untouched until his discovery in 1922
Upper Egypt
the southern part of ancient Egypt
delta
the flat, fan shaped land made of silt deposited at the mouth of a river
civilization
a culture that has developed systems, specialization, religion, learning, and government
Rosetta Stone
helped to unlock the hieroglyphics code; a stone that was found in the time of Rosetta Egypt
social pyramid (ACTUAL)
pharaoh, government officials, soldiers, scribes, merchants, artisans, farmers, slaves

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