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Social Studies Vocab Set One


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the act of granting pardon to a large group of people
the practice of teaching immigrant students in their own language
the willingness to go to the brink of war to force an opponent to back down
a person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom
an organization that is authorized by law to carry on an activity but treated as though it were a single person
relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and China
reducing a company in size by laying off workers and managers to become more efficient
ethnic cleansing
the expulsion, imprisonment, or killing of ethnic minorities by a dominant majority group
the basic currency shared by the countries of the European Union since 1999
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
flexible response
the buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war without using nuclear weapons
the actions used by one nation to exercise political or economic control over smaller or weaker nation
an act of rebellion against the established government
a national policy of actively trading with foreign countries to foster peace and prosperity
a person who generally believes the government should take an active role in the economy and in social programs but that the government should not dictate social behavior
______ corporation; large corporations with overseas investments
political machine
an organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government
nuclear ______; the spread of nuclear weapons to new nations
the separation or isolation of a race, class, or group
belief that people in a territory should have the ability to choose their own government
state sponsered
______ terrorism; violent acts against civilians that are secretly suported by a government in order to attack other nations without going to war
a systematic attempt to overthrow a government by using persons working secretly from within
the use of violence by non-governmental groups against civilians to achieve a political goal by instilling fear and frightening governments into changing policies
cognitive restructuring
Changing the thoughts one has in a particular situation
culture-bound syndrome
Cluster of symptoms that define or describe an illness in a cultural context
elaborative rehearsal
Method of remembering information by relating it to information already known
independent variable
Factor in an experiment that researchers manipulate so that they can determine its effect
latent learning
The form of learning that keeps knowledge hidden until it is needed is called ____________________ ____________________.
maintenance rehearsal
Method of repeating information over and over to keep from forgetting it
negative correlation
Stress and health are thought to have a(n) ____________________ ____________________ since stress goes up as health deteriorates, or goes down.
observational learning
The type of learning that occurs when a person observes and imitates others is called ____________________ ____________________.
operant conditioning
Form of learning based on the consequences of actions
post-traumatic stress disorder
Intense, persistent feelings of anxiety caused by traumatic experience

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