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Social Studies Vocab Set Two

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
semantic
Information stored as a(n) ____________________ code is stored according to its meaning.
unconditioned stimulus
Stimulus that causes an automatic response
validity scale
Test question that shows if the test taker is answering questions honestly
depression
a state of the economy with large numbers of unemployment, supply shortages, and excess capacity in manufacturing plants.
capitalism
economic system in which private citizens own and use the factors of production in order to generate profits.
elasticity
a measure of responsiveness that tells us how a dependent variable such as quantity responds to an independent variable such as price.
Federal Reserve System
privately owned, publicly controlled, central bank of the United States.
Gross Domestic Product
the dollar amount of all final goods and services produced within a country's borders in a year.
Inflation
a rise in the general level of prices.
minimum wage
the lowest legal wage that can be paid to most workers
money
any substance that serves as a medium of exchange, a measure of value, and a store of value.
scarcity
The condition that results from limited resources combined with unlimited wants.
trade-off
alternatives that must be given up when one is chosen over another.
unemployed
people available for work who made a specific effort to find a job during the past month and who, during the most recent survey week, worked less than one hour for pay.
bureaucracy
government administrators
civil society
a complex network of voluntary associations, economic groups, religious organizations, and many other kinds of groups that exist independent of government
constituent
a person whom a member of Congress has been elected to represent
democracy
government in which the people rule
diplomacy
the art and practice of conducting negotiations between nations without arousing hostility
federalism
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
government
the institution through which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforces binding decisions on citizens
incumbent
elected official that is already in office
judicial review
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
jurisdiction
the authority of a court to rule on certain cases
naturalization
the legal process by which a person is granted citizenship
politics
the effort to control or influence the conduct and policies of government
republic
a government in which voters hold sovereign power; elected representatives, responsible to the people, exercise that power
sovereignty
the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries
assimilation
the blending or fusing of minority groups into the dominant society
culture
knowledge, values, customs, and physical objects that are shared by members of a society
deviance
behavior that departs from societal or group norms
ethnocentrism
judging others in terms of one's own cultural standards

Deck Info

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