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We the People Vocab

Lessons 1-3, Mrs. Kluthe A3


undefined, object
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the body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures and processes of a government
government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.
Limited Government
basic principle of American government which states that government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has rights that government cannot take away
the lawmaking body of Great Britain
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Civic Virtue
The dedication of citizens to the common wellfare of their community or country, even at the cost of their individual interests
Classical Republicanism
refers to government that seeks the public or common good rather than the good of a particular group or class of society
Consent of the governed
a phrase synonymous with a political theory wherein a government's legitimacy and moral right to use state power is only justified and legal when derived from the people or society over which that political power is exercised.
Divine Right
belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god
Inalienable rights
rights that cannot be taken away
Natural Rights
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
Popular Sovereignty
The concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government. People express themselves through voting and free participation in government
Right of Revolution
the right of the sovereign people of any democratic state or regime to depose a govt after it has attacked citizens' basic rights for a significant period of time
Social Contract Theory
The belief that the people agree to set up rulers for certain purposes and thus have the right to resist or remove rulers who act against those purposes
State of Nature
The basis of natural rights philosophy; a state of nature is the condition of people living in a situation without man-made government, rules, or laws.
an economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
Ideas, beliefs, and practices that have their historical roots in Judaism and Christianity.
Public and Private Morality
Private morality is an individual's private conduct which is not a governmental or societal concern, and should be free from intrusion. In comparison, public morality refers to the conduct that affects other individuals or the larger society, and which should be governed by externally imposed laws.
Nation States
regions that share a government, culture, and language that are independent of other states

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