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First Aid, Quiz 1


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Protect responders who voluntarily give first aid w/o expecting anything in return
Good Samaritan Laws
A situation that requires immediate action
A network of community resources and medical personnel that provides emergency care to victims of injury or sudden illness.
EMS system
The immediate care given to a victim of injury or sudden illness until more advanced care can be obtained.
First Aid
A physical condition, such as a heart attack, requiring immediate medical attention.
Sudden Illness
A layperson (someone who does not have a special or advanced medical training or skill) who recognizes an emergency and decides to act.
Citizen Responder
Reasons for not acting or for hesitating to act in an emergency situation
Barriers to action
Describe two types of emergencies that require first aid.
1) Sudden Illness- a physical condition that requires immediate medical attention. heart attack, stroke
2)Injury-damage that occurs when the body is subjected to an external force, such as a blow, a fall, a collision, an electrical current or temperature extremes. Broken bone, fall
An illness or injury that impairs a victim's ability to circulate ocygenated blood to all the parts of his or her body.
Life-threatening Emergency
A situation that does not have an immediate impact on a victim's ability to circulate oxygenated blood, but still requires medical attention.
Non-life-threatening Emergency
Your Role in an Emergency Situation
~Recognizing that an emergency exists
~Deciding to Act
~Taking actoin by calling 911 or the local emergency number.
~Giving care until medical help arrives.
Trained and equipped community-based personnel who provide emergency care for ill or injured victims and who are often dispatched through a local emergency.
Emergency medical services (EMS) system
First step in emergency situation
recognizing that it is an emergency
Unusual noises
Screaming, yelling, moaning, breaking glass, crashing metal etc
Unusual Sights
Broken glass, overturned pot on floor, car on roadside in unusual position
Unusual Appearance or Behavior
~Confused or unusual behavior
~Trouble breathing
~Clutching the chest or throat
~Slurred, confused or hesitant speech
2nd part of emergency situation
Deciding to Act
Some barriers to action
~Presence of bystanders
~Uncertainty about the victim
~The nature of the injury or illness.
~Fear of disease transmission
~Fear of not knowing what to do.
The Emergency Action Steps
~CHECK the scene and the victim.
~CALL 9-1-1 or the local emergency number.
CARE for the victim
What do you check in an emergency
~is the scene safe?
~what happened?
~how many victims
~are bystanders available to help?
Permission to give care, given by the victim to the rescuer.
Normal breathing, coughing or movement in response to initial rescue breaths.
Signs of circulation
to contact EMS in emergency, victim may
~No breathing or trouble breathing
~No signs of circulation
~Severe bleeding
Call 911 if victim
~Is unconcsious or has an altered level of consciousness
~breathing trouble
~chest discomfort
~bleeding severely
~has pressure or pain in the abdomen that doesnt go away
~Vomiting or passing blood
~seizure more than 5 min
~Seizure and pregnant
~Seizure and diabetic
~head,neck back injuries
~broken bones
Call First or Call Fast
If you are alone
Call First: call 911 before care

(More like cardiac emergencies, where time is critical)
~An unconcsious adult victim or child age 8or older.
~An unconscious infant or child known to be at a high risk for heart problems.
Call Fast : provide 1 min of care then call

(Breathing emergencies.)
~ An unconcsious victim youngar than age 8
~Any victim of submersion or near-drowning
~Any victim of cardiac arrest associated with trauma
~Any victim or drug overdose

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