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Rocks

Terms

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weathering
process that breaks down a rock into smaller particles
porphyritic
has both small and large grains
sedimentary rock
rock made from sediments
sandstone
rock that is made up of sand grains, important for filtering water
deposition
laying down of sediments
felsic
light colored, high silica igneous rock
layered intrusion
important source of valuable ores and metals
texture
the size of the crystals in a rock
glassy texture
cools so fast no crystals form
pegmatite
extremely large crystals
rock
mixture of minerals
non foliated
not striped texture
granite
intrusive igneous rock
Bowen's Reaction series
predictable pattern of cooling for igneous rocks
lithification
physical process of compaction and hardening of sediments to make a rock
breccia
course grained sedimentary rock with angular pieces
mafic
dark colored, low silica igneous rock
porosity
ability for water to travel through a rock, open spaces in a rock
extrusive
formed outside of earth
igneous
fire, rock made from lava
course grain
large crystals or sediments
erosion
transport of sediments
metamorphic rock
rock that has been changed by heat and pressure
intrusive
formed inside of earth, large grains
rock cycle
process where rock change from one type to another
cementation
chemical process when crystals grow around sediments to create a rock
fine grain
small crystals or sediments
foliated
stripped texture
sediments
small particles of rock
rhyolite
extrusive igneous rock
conglomerate
course grained sedimentary rock with round pieces

Deck Info

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