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Health test 1

Terms

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Maintanence
Avoided relapse for at least 6 months.
6 classes of nutrients
Water, Protein, Carbs, Vitamins, Minerals, Fats
Action
Modifying behavior according to plan.
Most common food that uses irragation
Pasteurized milk
Lacto-
Dairy & plants
Anaerobics
Build muscle mass
(I) Ice
Apply ice to the injured area
Health Disparity Factors
Sex, ethnicity, income & education, Disability
Food Irrigation
Treatment of the food with xray or gamma to kill pathogens and longevity
Factors that influence wellness
Health Habits, Heredity, Environment, Access to health care
Trans fat total calories in the body for Trans fats
as little as possible
95% organic foods
All ingredients carry USDA seals
Precontemplation
Whether or not they are aware of a problem
Lacto-ovo-
Dairy Egg Plant
(C) Compression
Wrap the injured area with an elastic or compression bandage between icings.
Carbohydrates
Supply energy for the body cells
Causes of foodborne illnesses
Salmonella, E. Coli, Staphylococcus, Norovirus
Functions of Fats
Stored energy and provides insulation and support for body organs, absorb fat soluble vitamins(A,D,E,K)
(Simple Carbs)Malcros
Malt
Five components of fitness
Cardiorespiratory endurance, Muscular strength, Muscular endurance, Flexibility, Body composition
Body has 50-60% of it
water
The FITT principles
Frequency(how often), Intensity(how hard), Time(how long), Type(mode of activity)
Motivations for change
Examining Pros & Cons, Boosting Self-efficacy(self confidence), Overcome Barriers
Fiber
Non-Digestible partrs of plant food. assists in elimination of feces,helps reduce risk of type 2 diabetes
Essential amino acids
9
Additives in food
Most widely used in sugar and salt.
3 supply energies
Fat=9cal/gram, Protein=4cal/gram, Carbs=4cal/gram
Pharmacogenetics
Study of how individuals respond to medicines due to their genetic inheritance.
(Simple Carbs)Sucrose
Sugar
Nonessential amino acids
11
100% organic foods
Everything in ingredients is all organic
Health People 2010
Increase quality & years of healthy life. & Eliminate health disparities among Americans
Aerobics
Strength and flexibility training
Major minerals
Calcium, phosporus, magnesium, sodium, sulfur, chloride
9 water soluble
B vitamins (8 total) & C
Proteomics
Study of proteins
1 Kcalorie
amount of heat it takes to raise the temperature of 1
3 types of Lipids
Saturated(animal fat), Unsaturated fats(vegetable and fish oil), Trans fat(baked goods and fried goods)
Globesity
Genetics,Prenatal Factors,Childhood Development,More calories,Bigger Portions,Physical inactivity,Modernization,Socioeconomics,Passive entertainment,Emotional Influences
GM foods
Altering with the DNA of a food (cheaper)
R.I.C.E.
Treat soft tissue injuries with this principle
(Simple Carbs)Fructose
Fruit
LDL
Bad cholesterol
4 principles of physical training
Specificity, Progressive overload, Reversibility, Individual differences.
Preparation
Intend to change
Fats(Lipids)
Most concentrated source of energy
During processing
Germ and Bran are removed leaning just the starch of the endosperm.
HDL
Good cholesterol(canola oil)
# of essential minerals
17
Complete proteins
Provide all essential amino acids
Genomics
Study of Genes
Simple Carbs
One or two sugar units
Complex Carbs
Multiple sugar units, Grains, Legumes, Tubers
(R) Rest
Stop using the injured area as soon as you experience pain
Contemplation
Aware they have a problem considering change within the next 6 months.
6 Dimensions of Health
Physical, Emotional, Intellectual, Spiritual, Social, Environmental
Antioxidants
Reduction in cancers, Vitamin C & E, selenium, caroteniods
Minerals
Helps regulate body functions, aid in growth, maintenance of body tissues, and a catalyst for energy release
(Simple Carbs)Lactose
Milk
Proteins
Forms muscle, bone, blood, enzymes, hormones and cell membranes
Phytochemicals
Soy foods may help lower cholesterol levels
Amino Acids
20 Building blocks
Omega 3 fatty acids
(fish) Polyunsaturated fat found primarily in fish.
How many days can you live without food
50
Saturated fat total calories in the body
less than 10%
Trace minerals
Cobalt, copper, fluoride, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, selenium
4 fat soluble vitamins
A,D,E,K
Foodborne illnesses (4 culprits)
Improper cooling, Improper Handwashing, Inadequate cooking, Failure to avoid cross-contimination
Key Messages of USDA's MyPyramid
Remind consumers to make healthy food choices, Personalization, Daily physical activity, Moderation, Proportionality, Variety, Gradual improvement
Vegans
Only plants
Vitamins
Help put proteins fats and carbs to use
(E) Elevation
Raise the injured area above heart level to decrease the blood supply and reduce swelling.
Termination
Exited the cycle of change and are no longer tempted to lapse back in their old behavior.
75% organic foods
Made with organic ingredients but cant use the USDA seal.

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