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Family Therapy, Chapter 11, 21st Century


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A postmodern approach to exploring meaning by taking apart and examining taken-for-granted categories and assumptions, making possible newer and sounder constructions of meaning.
The art of analyzing literary texts or human experience, understood as fundamentally ambiguous, by interpreting levels of meaning.
solution-focused therapy
Steve de Shazer's term for a style of therapy that emphasizes the solutions that families have already developed for their problems.
collaborative model
A more egalitarian view of the therapist's role; a stance advocated by critics of what they see as the authoritarianism in traditional approaches to family therapy.
social constructionism
Like constructivism, challenges the notion of an objective basis for knowledge. Knowledge and meaning are shaped by culturally shared assumptions.
Contemporary antipositivism, according to which knowledge is viewed as relative and context dependent; questions assumptions of objectivity that characterize modern science. In family therapy, challenging the idea of scientific certainty and linked to the method of deconstruction.
Anderson and Goolishian's term for approaching families with as few preconceptions as possible.
A relativistic point of view that emphasizes the subjective construction of reality. It implies that what we see in families may be based as much on our preconceptions as on what's actually going on.
second-order cybernetics
The idea that any one attempting to observe and change a system is therefore part of that system.
reflecting team
Tom Andersen's technique of having the observing team share their reactions with the family at the end of a session.

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