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AP English 08-09

AP Vocabulary

Terms

undefined, object
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Insolent
insulting in manner or speech
Inconsequential
unimportant
Eloquence
the ability to speak vividly or persuasively
Prodigious
enormous
Facile
done or achieved with little effort; easy
Inpede
to slow the process of
Transient
passing away with time; passing from one place to another
Putrid
rotten
Ostentatious
describing a showy or pretentious display
Enlightening
informative; contributing to one's awareness
Clarity
clearness in thought or expression
Intrepid
courageous; fearless
Alliance
a union of two or more groups
Cryptic
difficult to comprehend
Discourse
verbal expression or exchange; conversion
Truncated
shortened; cut off
Disparity
inequality in age, rank or degree; difference
Sardonic
disdainfully or ironically humorous; harsh, bitter, or caustic
Surreptitiously
done by secretive means
Diligent
maked be painstaking effort; hard-working
Nascent
coming into existence; emerging
Sanction
an economic or military measure put in place to punish
Plagiarism
the act of passing the ideas or writings of another as one's own
Vilify
to make vicious statements about
Wily
cunning
Futile
having no useful purpose; pointless
Trepidation
uncertainty; apprehension
Trivial
of little importance or significance
Florid
describing flowery or elaborate speech
Innate
possessed from birth; inborn
Frenetic
wildly excited or active
Oxymoron
an apparent contradiction of terms
Reclamation
the act of making something useful again
Contemporary
current, modern; from the same time
Lucid
easily understood, clear
Candor
sincerity;openness
Coup
a brilliantly excuted plan
Meticulous
extremely careful and precise
Chiasmus
an inversion in the second of two parallel phrases
Elusive
difficult to capture, as in something actually fleeting
Inveterate
long established; deep-rooted; habitual
Cogent
convincing
Cohesive
condition of sticking together
Asylum
a place of retreat or security
Discredit
to cause to be doubted
Proximity
closeness
Amenable
responsive; agreeable
Excerpt
a selected part of a passage or scene
Impinge
hinder; interfere
Catalog
to make an itemized list of
Staid
unemotional; serious
Torpor
laziness; inactivity; dullness
Parody
an artistic work that imitates the style of another work for comic effect
Fractious
quarrelsome; unruly
Equanimity
the quality of being calm and even-tempered; composure
Nocturnal
of or occurring in the night
Consensus
general agreement
Realism
artistic representation that aims for visual accuracy
Idealize
to consider perfect
Genre
describing a category or artistic endeavor
Arid
describing dry, rainless climate
Flagrant
extremely or deliberately shocking or noticeable
Mural
a large painting applied directly to a wall or ceiling surface
Misconception
an incorrect understanding or interpretation
Obsolete
no longer in use; old-fashioned
Disingenuous
not straight forward; crafty
Mediocrity
the state or quality of being average; of moderate to low quality
Arbitrary
determined to impulse rather than reason
Endure
to put up with; to survive a hardship
Condescending
treating people as weak or inferior
Compelling
forceful; urgently demanding attention
Disparage
to speak of in a slighting way or negatively; to belittle
Notorious
known widely and usually unfavorably; infamous
Sedentary
not migratory; settled
Conviction
a fixed or strong belief
Stoic
indifferent to pleasure or pain; impassive
Metonymy
a type of figurative language in which one term is substituted for another term with which it is closely associated
Dubious
doubtful; of unlikely authenticity
Brusque
rudely abrupt
Hypothetical
existing only as an assumption or speculation
Comprehensive
large in scope or content
Subdue
to restrain; to hold back
Anthology
a collection ot literary pieces
Servile
submissive; like a servant
Virtuoso
a tremendously skilled artist
Naive
lacking sophistication
Medieval
referring to the Middle Ages, old-fashioned
Integrity
trustworthiness; completeness
Arbiter
a judge who decides a dispute issue
Ample
describing a large amount of something
Alienated
removed or disassociated from (friends, family, or homeland)
Assiduous
hard-working
Archetype
a perfect example; and original pattern or model
Copious
plentiful; having large quantity
Heinous
hatefully evil; abominable
Exemplary
commendable; worthy of imitation
Melancholy
sadness; depression
Caustic
bitingly sarcastic or witty
Incontrovertible
not able to be denied or disputed
Pernicious
causing great harm
Fabricated
made; concocted to deceive
Syllogism
a form of deductive reasoning; a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion
Dogged
stubbornly persevering
Solvent
able to pay one's debt
Indifferent
not caring one way or the other
Assimilation
to absorb; to make similar
Assertion
a declaration or statement
Gesticulating
making gestures while speaking
Effusive
emotionally unrestrained; gushy
Apathetic
feeling or showing little emotion
Contemptuous
feeling hatred; scornful
Patronizing
treating in a condescending manner
Theoretical
lacking application or practical application
Inevitable
certain to happen; unavoidable
Listless
lacking energy
Lexicon
a word book describing language with definitions; a dictionary
Intuition
the power of knowing things without thinking; sharp insight
Paradigm
an example or model
Medley
an assortment or mixture, especially of musical pieces
Eclectic
made up a variety of sources or styles
Objectivity
treating the facts without influence from personal feelings or prejudices
Rhetoric
the art of using language effectively and persuasively
Toxic
poisonous
Innovative
introducing something new
Mollify
to calm or soothe
Penitent
expressing remorse for one's misdeeds
Impression
a feeling or understanding results from an experience
Period (periodic sentence)
long, complex, grammatically correct sentence
Emphasize
to give special attention to something, to stress
Context
circumstances of a situation; environment
Conception
the ability to form or understand an idea
Ambivalent
simultaneously having opposite feelings; uncertain
Obstinate
stubbornly adhering to an opinion or a course of action
Obdurate
stubborn; inflexible
Venerated
highly respected
Permeated
spread or flowing throughout
Whimsical
subject to erratic behavior; unpredictable
Acquired
developed or learned; not naturally occurring
Facetious
playfully humorous
Indolent
Lazy
Substantiated
supported with proof or evidence; verified
Ruse
a crafty trick
Perception
awareness; insight
Pragmatic
practical
Narrative
(adj.) characterized by telling a story; (n.) a story
Haughty
arrogant; vainly proud
Vindicated
freed from blame
Deleterious
having a harmful effect; injurious
Paramount
of chief concern or importance
Suppressed
subdued; kept from being circulated
Anthropomorphism
the attribution of humanlike characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, or forces of nature
Ominous
menacing; threatening
Vitality
energy; power to survive
Transitory
short-lived or temporary
Cordial
friendly; sincere
Ponderous
extremely dull
Rational
logical; motivated by reason rather than feeling
Strategem
a clever trick used to deceive or outwit
Plausible
seemingly veiled or acceptable; credible
Egregious
conspicuously bad or offensive
Gratuitous
given freely; unearned; unwarranted
Malice
extreme ill-will or spite
Perspective
point of view
Sanction
to give the official authorization or approval
Capricious
impulsive and unpredictable
Astute
shrewd; clever
Dogmatic
stubbornly adhering to unproved beliefs
Timorous
timid; fearful about the future
Hackneyed
work out through overuse; trite
Novice
a beginner
Poignant
profoundly moving; touching
Hierarchy
a group organized by rank
Ambiguous
open to more than one interpretation
Brittle
easily broken when subjected to pressure
Aesthetic
having to do with the appreciation of beauty
Phenomenon
an unusual, observable event
Spurious
not genuine
Dictatorial
domineering; oppressively overbearing
Cogent
convincing; reasoning
Reprehensible
worth of blame
Camaraderie
good will between friends
Rancorous
hateful; marked by deep-seated ill-will
Decorous
proper; marked by good taste
Apology
defense of an idea
Prosaic
unimaginative; dull
Sonorous
producing a deep or full sound
Omnipotent
all-powerful
Affable
easy-going; friendly
Modest
quiet or humble in manner or appearance
Equivocate
to avoid making definite statement
Dilettante
one with an amateurish or superficial understanding of a field of knowledge
Pejorative
describing words or phrases that belittle or speak negatively of someone
Insipid
uninteresting
Panegyric
statement of high praise
Apparatus
equipment; a group of machines
Malfeasance
wrong doing; misconduct
Didactic
intended to instruct
Novel
strikingly new or unusual
Pugnacious
combative; belligerent
Maverick
one who is independent and resists adherence to a group
Premonition
a feeling about the future
Apposition
a grammar construction in which a noun (or noun phrase) is placed with another as an explanation
Lament
express grief for; mourn
Spontaneous
unplanned; naturally occurring
Proliferate
to grow or increase rapidly
Superficial
concerned only with what is on the surface or obvious; shallow
Auspicious
favorable; promising
Clandestine
secretive
Wary
on guard
Synecdoche
a form of metonymy that's restricted to cases where a part is used to signify the whole
Conflagration
a widespread fire
Coherent
logically connected
Incorrigible
unable to be reformed
Laudatory
giving praise
Tenacity
persistence
Quandary
a state of uncertainty or perplexity
Prudent
exercising good judgment or common sense
Condemn
to express strong disapproval of; denounce
Alleviate
to ease a pain or burden
Emigrate
to leave one country or region and settle in another
Enmity
mutual hatred or ill-will
Derived
copied or adapted from a souce
Disdain
(n) contempt, scorn, (v) to regard or treat with comtempt; to look down
Opulent
exhibiting a display of great wealth
Hypocrisy
the practice of pretending to be something one is not; insincerity
Impartial
not in favor of one side or the other, unbiased
Ingrate
an ungrateful person
Frank
open and sincere in expression; straightforward
Exculpate
to free from guilt or blame
Mundane
commonplace; ordinary
Archaic
characteristics of an ealier period; old fashioned
Benevolent
well-meaning; generous
Austere
without decoration; strict
Ornate
elaborately decorated
Biased
prejudiced
Embellish
to make beautiful by ornamenting; to decorate
Superfluous
extra; unnecessary
Parallelism
a grammar construction in which two identical syntactic constructions are used
Imperious
arrogantly domineering or overbearing
Harbinger
something that indicates what is to come; a forerunner
Despotic
exercising absolute power; tyrannical
Replete
abundantly supplied; filled to capacity
Implication
the act of suggesting or hinting
Benign
kind and gentle
Slander
false charges and malicious oral statements about someone
Pervasive
dispersed throughout
Profound
having a great depth or seriousness
Propriety
appropriateness of behavior
Propitious
presenting favorable circumstances; auspicious
Anachronism
something out of place in time or sequence
Malleable
easily shaped or formed;easily influenced
Incumbent
imposed as a duty; obligatory
Fastidious
possessing careful attention to detail; difficult to please
Apprehension
anxiety or fear about the future
Fluid
easily flowing
Serene
calm
Tenuous
having little substance or strength; shaky; unsure, weak
Inherent
inborn; built-in
Ebullience
intense enthusiasm
Abstract
not appllied to actual objects
Obscure
(adj.) relatively unknown, (v) to conceal or make indistinct

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