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pols govt2


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Habeas corpus

a writ requiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court

establishment clause

the clause in the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution that prohibits the establishment of religion by Congress.

clear and present danger (test)

this test focused on the circumstances under which language was used. if there were no threatening circumstances, the language in question would be protected, and Congress could not regulate it

political correctness

the avoidance, often considered as taken to extremes, of forms of expression or action that are perceived to exclude, marginalize, or insult groups of people who are socia

exclusionary rule

a law that prohibits the use of illegally obtained evidence in a criminal trial.
provisions of 1st amendment
congress shall make no law respecting an establisment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press,; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redres
provisions of 4th amendment
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, paper, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or

differnece between civil rights

civil liberties 

the rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality.


bill of rights
1st 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution
ex post facto laws
laws that make an action a crime after the fact, even though it was carried out while it was legal

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