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us hist ch. 10


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Andrew Jackson
hero of the Battle of New Orleans Pro-slavery known as "King Andrew" Indian fighter
John Quincy Adams
Jackon's Rival Monroe's Secretary of State Benefits from the Corrupt Bargain
Corrupt Bargain/disputed electio nof 1824
Jackson wins the most votes but Adams wins. Clay makes a deal, he'll vote for Jackson/Adams if they make him secretary of s tate
Clay's American Plan
Provide government aid for internal improvements, supported by tariffs
Election of 1828
Jackson wins
Spoils system
used by Jacson informal practice where a political party (after it wins) gives government jobs to supporters
Indian Removal Act of 1830
supported by Jackson requred deportation of Indians beyond Mississippi River into present-day Oklahoma
Worcester v. Georgia
Cherokees argue against the Indian Rmoeval Act. Said that they had assimiliated into white culture, but Georgia removed Cherokee in 1838 with federal troops
Trail of Tears
Indian walk rom Georgia to Oklahoma
Bank war 1832
Bank President Biddle supported an early recharter of the Bank to undercut Jackson's support in 1832 election Jackson vetoes the Bank Bill, syaing that it's an economic monopoly and unconstituational
Whig Party
against Democratic-Republicans/Jackson Advocate of US Bank, internal improvements, protective tariff
Why was Jackson called "King Andrew"?
1. very authoritative because he wants to defend the will of the people 2. Fire cabinent members over personal issues (Ex. Petty Eaton) 3. moves Indians against supreme court decision 4. uses veto power alot 5. kills US Bank 6. uses spoils system
specie circular
coins or gold and silver money, "hard money"
Panic of 1837
lakc of sound money and inflation and an international crisis 5 yr
John C. Calhoun
supporter of state's rights vice presiden under jackson util 1832
the right to veto a federal law that has been deemed unconstitutional
South CArolina Exposition and Potest
by Calhoun, against the Tariff of 1828
Tariff of Abominations
the named called for the Tariff of 1828 because it was so high Resulted in the nullification crisis
Compact Theorty
The idea that the Constitution was created by the states and so the states could dissolve it
The Webster-Hayne debate
Senator Robert Y. Hayne argued for the compact theory Webster was anti-nullification
Webster's Second Reply to Hayne
Webster denoucned slavery and argued the Union was formed by the whole people in conventions and therefore state government were not parties to compact
Nullification Proclamation 1833
Jackson's response to South Carolina's Ordinance of Nullification of the new Tariff of 1832 denouced that has secession and treason
Compromise of 1833
After Jackson's Force Bill (arranges to collect the tariff of 1832 in the sea), Henry Clay steps in and sponsors a substitue tariff, which provided for gradual reduction in the rates.
Force Bill
When South Carolina passed the Ordinance of Nullification on the Tariff of 1832, Jackson responded with the Nullificatoin Proclamation. In the Force Bill, Jackson threatended to send troops and arranged to collect the tariff in the sea
The accusation of a corrupt bargain in the election of 1824 was significant because
it led to the overwhelming election of Andrew Jackson in 1828

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