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history 2

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revolutionatrry war-causes
end of salutary neglect (beneficial neglect) british overlooked violations of trading laws. allowed colonists to govern themselves.enforcement of mercantilism and british new poicies. the stamp act quatering act declaratory act townshennd act
weaknesses of articles of confederation fo govt
cannot tax regulate interstate commerces no ability to enforce treaties no executive judicial brance - counldnt enforce laws need judicial brance to settle disputes each state had own currency and made trade hard constante disputes about bills between states
who were the 5 people who wrote the declaration of independance
ben franklin john adams roger shirman robert livingston and thomas jefferspm
admentments
changes
declaration of independance
influence of tomas paine-points out how king was hunting people richard hinry lee proposed that declaration be written. it was written by 5 people . it was agreed july 4th 1776
boston tea party
dumped tea in harbor
compare british and continental congress
britain- professional soldiers contin.. few military resources brit- huge fleet con-little to pay soldiers brit plentiful $ and occupied most american cities (ny-ph) 1/3 colonists were loyalists. con- was the home team and controlled countryside
thomas hobbes
wrote leviathan(1651) major ideas-people are driven by selfishness andgreed. to avoid chaos they give up their freedom to a government that will ensure order. such a gov. must be strong and able to suppress rebellion. quotation " the condition of man in the state of nature ) is a condition of war of eeryone against everyone" connection today - hobbes ideas have been used to justify absolute power. to some people today hobbes presents bleak but true views of how people and gov. behave
what were the failed attempts to compromise
first continental congress 12 colonies in phily come (georgia doesnt) they agree to ban trade with england. decide to bycott they remove intolerable act and keep boycott until the intolerable act is repeeped. states that parliament give up direct controll over colonies- realing that it might not be peaceful they tell each colony to prepare militia incase war. england forces them to be corroperative they send more armys to arrest leaders in mass. conseidered reakl first government in the colonies. reconvene in pilie and realize boycott wasnt as successful. they write the olive branch petition
federal legislative branch
created under articles of l egislative branch - no executive or judicial it was unicameral each state gets 1 vote
what are the main ideas for declaration of independence
natural rights (peoples rights arenatural god-given) if gov't klviolate rights the peopel can abolish or overthrow the govt. influence the englightenment philosophers. they were the political thinkers.
backround of articles of confederaton
franklin officially composed in '65 but ignored becuse of declaration. the creation was after we won independence debates in june 7 1776 to november 15 1777
bills and amendments for articles of confederation
9 states approval for bills 13 for admendments
rights of assistance
things that could enforce illegal searches. soldiers ould plant illegal goods and get the colonists arrested. colonists could be transfered from colonies to england for any trial at all. they wanted to close down the ny colonial legislature because it refused to enforce the quartering act. colonists esp. in boston are angry about these acts. protesters got all tazeds but tea taz abolished.
what started french and indian war?
more people were coming and having babies. the population explosion resulted in english trying to expand and settle in ohio river valley. the french are already there and thought english were going to take away there most prised posession (miss river) the french bring soldiers and british order friend out. they refuse. George washington and english malitia is ordered to get french out. fight ing takes place as well as back in europe.
shays rebellion and revision of the articales of confederation
highlighted problems 1781 ma law prohibited paper money and only gold and silver 1786 farmers rebel -shay and farmers marched on courts against this law farmers didnt have a lot of gold or silver they only had paper money (150 of them) they were arrested but john hancock let them god . in pa everyone met after rebellion to fix but realized they needed a whole new government
quartering act
they repeeled the law milatary soldiers move into peoples houses with no say of thecolonies
achievements of articales of confed.
NWodrinance or land ordinance of 1785
what was the result of the king acting like a tyrant
colonists felt they had the right to w/drawal their allegance and to est. own govt as "free and indepentant"states gbecause of kings abuse. the congress approved declaration of independance in july 1776
treaty of paris
english wins fight so they gain all french canada and land east of missisissippi river. this ends the french and indian war.
baron de montesquien
wrote the spirit of the laws (1748) major ideas- the powers of gov should be separated into exectutive, legislative and judicail branches to prevent any one group from gaining too much power qoutes" in order to have libery it is necessary that jov be set up so that one man need not be afaraid of another" connection today his ideas about separtation of powers greatly influenced framers of us constitution
declaratory act
king and queen can make any law without any say as the colonies
when king george III lost peoples support to govern he
people allowed to bve governed as long as the king protected their right to "life liberty and the pursuitt of happiness. "
king acted like a tyrant when
destroyed the power of colonial legislatures he obstructe djustice by making the judges dependant of him alone he sent standing armies in peactime w/out peoples conseent and quartered soldiers in homes imposed taxes and denied the right to trial by jury.
proclamation of ???-what year
1763
strengths of govt in articles of confederation
declare war make peace direct foreighn affairs build and equipt navey and army request troops from states coin money (make money) regulate weights and measeures and set up post offices manage native american affairs
tea act(1773
aggrevated colonists even though benfit parliament tells eastcompany. only tea that can be cought is from the east company.
treaty of paris waws in what year?
1763
stamp act
taxed on all paper items. colonists rebelled because all taxhad to be payed in silver (farmers mostly and did not have a lot of silver. ) if not payed you would get arrests. you would be tried agaimst a court withno jury (guilty)
john locke
wrote two treatises of government(1690) major ideas- people have a natureal right of life liberty and property. rulers have responsibility to protect those rightrs. people have the right to change a gov. that fails to do so. quotes" men being...by nature all free equal and independent, no one can be put out of this estate and subjected to and political power of another without his consent" connection today - lockes ideas influenced authors of the us declartion of indeendcen and french revolutionaries in the 1790s later people edtended his ideas to includ equality for women and others.
NW ordinance of land ordinance of 1785
divided land NW of ohio river into townships and 36 sections that could be settlesd
french and indian war (1756-1763) why is it called this?
called because its the french and indian allies and indian with english allies
what were the violation of traditional english rights after the boston tea party and in the coersive act
-colonists are taxed without representation- they are tried without jury of piers- courting the soldiers without anyones say.
townshend act
carles townshend (tresurer) put taz on paper paint lead tea glass . taz can be payed in only silver and gold. violated peoples rights. peoples homes could be serarched for illegal goods that they could be smuggled in with no say.
NW ordinance of 1787
called for 3 to 5 new states in NW territory ceach state would be governed by governor or =judge until they would be admited into states. slavery was prohibited in states ( WI IN IL OH MI)
procalamation of 1763-what are the issues to appease?
england decided land west of appalacian mt. are closed for colonial settlement. Native americans could stay . england did this as a thankyou.
coersive/intolerable act
tried to force colonists to own up to actions closes port to boston until colonists pay tax for tea. they institued a milatary controlled government. they had no legislature state the quartering act can be enforced anywhere in the colonies.
olive branch petition
statement to king saying they want to solve differences peacefully king doesnt like it so he hires 10000 hessuian mercianaries (hired soldiers) he brings them to back up red coats and colonist call for creation of continental army-leader- gearge washington they write the declaration of independance
what is the definition of confecderation
the act of uniting or forming a loose association of states.
approval for articales of confederation
all 13 had to agree maryland was last to approve friendship of unity- for - common defense general welfare govt power- more power given to a states feared stroner central govt - didnt want them to violate rights.
powers denied to congress in articles of confederation
cannot tax regualate interstate commerce could not enforce the laws and executive powers
jean-jacques rousseau
wrote the socila contract (1762) people are basically good but become corrupt by society . in an idea society, people would make the laws and would obey them willingly. qoutes" only the general will can direct the energies of the state in a manner appropriate to the end for which it was founded ie the common good. connection today - rousseau has been hailed as a champion of democracy for his idea that political authority lies with the people. but dictators hve used his ideas abou tthe general will to justirfy their programs
who was the first to sign the dec of independ..
john hancock (president of congress)
article 2
talks about power to states

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