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History Flashcards

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18. Triangular Trade
1770's, between New England, the Gold Coast of Africa, and the colonies; Rum went from England to Africa, was traded for slaves which went to the Americas, which was traded for molasses which went to England, which was then made into rum. It was very profitable for the merchants, facilitated slave trade slavery in the colonies.
16. Mercantilism
the theory that a country should export more than it imports, most of the colonial era, Great Britain, by exporting more than importing, Britain was able to amass gold and silver in its treasuries. It used the colonies both as a free source of raw goods and a market for finished goods. It drained the colonies of gold and silver. It imposed colonies' economic dependence on Britain. It started feelings of resentment towards Britain.
9. Indentured Servant
Europeans who could not afford to pay for their own passage to America so they let others pay for their passage and to repay the debt worked for the person who paid for their passage for 5-7 years, during most of the colonial era, the way many people came to the Americas
17. Navigation Acts
1650, Colonies, laws were made to cut the Dutch and everyone else out of the American trade; also required the colonies to sell certain products to Britain only; increased resentment which started with mercantilism
14. Great Awakening
religious revival, Jonathan Edwards started it with fire and brimstone preaching, 1730's-1740's, preachers throughout the colonies began preaching about what would happen to people if they died without being saved, led to a great increase in conversions to the Christ
6. New Netherlands
New York, 1623, Manhattan Island was ran for and by the Dutch East India Compony in the interests of the stockholders, established a major center of trade and commerce.
15. Phillis Wheatley
poet, lived 1753-1784, Boston, one of the few good poets of that age, because he was black did not receive formal education, showed that black people had intelligence
11. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
1639, written somewhere along the Connecticut River to establish democratic regime, first modern constitution, Connecticut borrowed from it for its charter and later for its state constitution
13. Quakers and William Penn
Quakers were pacifists. 1681 - founded Pennsylvania, religious freedom, brought different religious and political ideas into the Americas
8. Act of Toleration
act of religious toleration, Maryland, 1649, to protect the Catholic minority, the law was that all who denied the divinity of Jesus were put to death, Maryland had significantly more Roman Catholics than any of the other colonies
12. Halfway Covenant
troubled ministers, 1662, the New England Colonies, because of a decrease in number of conversions, ended up opening up churches to everyone instead of just the elite
10. Roger Williams
founded Rhode Island, 1636, an outcast from Massachusetts, established Rhode Island with the most religious freedom in the colonies
7. Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore
Members of prominent English, Catholic church, founded Maryland, 1634, the Americas, financial profits in Catholic refuge, founded one of the early colonies.
20. Stamp Act
colonies - 1765, to pay for Seven Years War; law required that certain documents and commercial items have stamps on them to show that tax has been paid; raised resentment in the colonies
19. John Peter Zenger
1734-1735 he was in a court case against the corrupt royal governor of New York; charged with libel, even though the statement he printed was true. The jury, against the orders of the judge, paid attention to the fact that the statement was true and acquitted him. This was the start of freedom of the press.

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