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Unit 5 Review

this is to help study for tests and quizzes.


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Charles 2
his successor James 2 was disliked for his support of Catholicism in England
left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season
Theroy that sun is center of the universe
Divine Rights of kings
the theory that god appointed all monarchs to rule on his behalf
French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
English Bill of Rights
King WIlliam and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with parliament and the people.
measured from the earth's center; having the earth as a center
Johannes Keppler
Father of Mondern Astronomy, a German mathematician confirmed the heliocentric theory with observations
Charles 1
tried to advocate the divine right of kings and much Catholic influence
William Harvey
published On the Motion of the Heart and Blood
Miguel de Cervantes
considered the first novel, about a man who wanders through the countryside thinking that he's a knight
Oliver Cromwell
leader of a military, ruled England until 1658, was a dictator
Wolfgang Amadues Mozart
Born 1756 in Austria, from a musical family, musical prodigy
John Locke
English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
Thomas Hobbes
English materialist and political philosopher who advocated absolute sovereignty as the only kind of government that could resolve problems caused by the selfishness of human beings (1588-1679)
French writer who was the embodiment of 18th century Enlightenment (1694-1778)
Galileo Galilei
built a telescope and was the first to make regular observations with it
Frederick the Great
was the ruler of Prussia, he centralized the govenment and put it under his control
Constitutional Monarchy
A King or Queen is the official head of state but power is limited by a constitution.
Glorious Revolution
bloodless overthrow of King James II by King William and Queen Mary.
movement that began in Europe in the late 1600s as people began examining the natural world, society, and government; also called the age of reason
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Wrote Discourse on the Origins of the Inequality of Mankind, The Social Contract, & Emile. He identified the human nature was originally happy but was corrupted when man claimed that they owned land. Said the government must rule at the general will of the people so that the most people are benefited. Hated Parlaiment because the delegates made laws not the people.
Age of Reason
a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
Isaac Newton
Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosphy, defined the lawsof motion and gravity
Peter the Great
became ruler of Russia when he was 22, moved the capital to St.Petersburg
Scientific Method
a method of investigation involving observation and theory to test scientific hypotheses
Nicolaus Copernicus
published On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres in 1543
William and Mary
Joint monarchs that ruled after glorious revolution under constitutional monarchy
Eugene Delacriox
Born 1798 in France, Romantic, use of color
Age of Absolutism
1650-1789, a purposeful attempt by European rulers to attend their royal or dynastic control over all aspects of life in the lands they ruled
Scientific Revolution
an era between 16th and 18th centuries when scientists began doing research in a new way using the scientific method
Absolute Monarchy
a system of government in which the head of state is a hereditary position and the king or queen has almost complete power
Louis 14
was recognized as one of the most powerful monarchs of Europe,he moved the capital from Paris to Versailles
Johann Sebastian Bach
Born 1685 in Germany, from a musical family, studied music all of his life
English Civil War
civil war in England between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists under Charles I

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