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Texes: EC-4 (Social Studies)

Domain III: Social Studies


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The Rocky Mountains are taller and more sharp and jagged than the Appalachians. What is the best explanation for the difference between the Rocky and Appalachian Mountains?
The Appalachians are much older than the Rockies and have been subject to erosion and weathering for a longer time.
13th Amendment-
freed all slaves without compensation to slave owners.
Women's rights activists opposed the 15th Amendment passed during Reconstruction because...
it continued to deny the vote based on gender. Fifty more years passed before the 19th amendment gave women the right to vote (in 1920).
physical process in which deposits of solid material from air, water, glacial ice, etc., create landforms such as coastal beaches and sand dunes.
13th, 14th, 15th amendment
Three amendments to the U.S. Constitution passed during the era of Reconstruction
Which theme of American history do the events following Rosa Park's refusal to give up her bus seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955 best illustrate?
Individual actions can be important in determining the course of history.
Market Economy
resource are all, or nearly all, allocated by the interplay of supply and demand.
Secondary Sources
documents/ evidence prepared by people who were not involved in the events.
What is an example of a democratic principle?
sovereignty of people (popular sovereignty)- total power by the people
Constitutional Amendment
Changes in, or additions to, the constitution. Proposed by a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress or by a convention called by Congress at the request of two-thirds of the state legislatures. Ratified by approval of three-fourths of the states. Main effect of amendment process has been to make the Constitution more democratic than the original document.
opponents of the adoption of the federal Constitution. Leading Anti-Federalist, who favored stronger states; rights and protection of individual rights, included George Mason and Patrick Henry
Industrial growth and economic development in developing countries stimulates migration from...
rural areas to cities.
Separation of Powers
the system of dividing the powers and duties of a government into three different branches: the legislative (makes the laws), executive (carries out the laws), and judicial (interprets the laws).
Recent developments in social studies education..
developing students' critical-thinking skills to analyze social studies instruction- encouraging students to seek information before forming opinions and to distinguish fact from opinion and bias and propaganda from objectivity- promoting students' understanding of the experiences and perspectives of various groups of people and helping students develop an attitude of tolerance toward differing opinions- helping students to recognize that events of the past have directly and indirectly affected their own lives- social studies as hands-on work use technology as an essential research tool- deemphasize on memorizing names and dates
Command Economy
resources are state owned and allocated by a central authority which makes most of the major economic decisions. Determine how decisions about basic economic questions are made to distinguish between the tow systems.
the amount of goods available at a given price at any time.
Opportunity Cost/Risk
the value of the next best alternative that must be given up when a choice is made. Application of the principle of opportunity cost will most likely lead consumers to establish purchasing priorities.
In the 1800s what geographic feature led to the uneven population distribution in Texas?
Location of water resources.
Federalist Papers
a series of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison that were published to support the adoption of the proposed United States Constitution.
Geographic Grid
a system to locate points on the earth's surface.
Do Texas governors have a lot of power?
No, the powers of the Texas governor are limited by the Texas Constitution. The executive powers of the Texas governor are ranked next to last among those of state governors.
Five Themes of Geography:
Location- Where is it located? Place- What are the physical and human characteristics? Human/environment interaction- What are the relationships among people and places? Movement- What are the patterns of movement of people, products, and information? Region- How can the Earth be divided into definite areas for study?
Technological innovation has resulted in...
increased production and improved communication.
An appropriate activity for teaching third grades about citizenship is-
allow them to vote about class concerns such as where they want to go on a field trip.
Division of Labor
dividing work so that each worker does only part of a larger job.
learned behavior of people, which includes their belief systems and languages, their social customs, their institutions and organizations, and their material goods
angular distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees along a line of longitude; latitude lines go around the earth horizontally.
how many consumers desire the goods that are in supply
governmental power is divided between a strong federal government and the states.
To ensure that students use the Internet effectively as a research tool, teach students to ask themselves
is the author of this document a reliable source of information about the topic in question?
What was the primary reason for Columbus's voyage?
To find a westward water route to India.
to be an official member of a political society and as such owe allegiance to the government and be entitled to its protection and safe guarded from unfair use of governmental power. A "good citizen" supports the government, obeys the law, and functions in the best interest of all the citizens. The rights and responsibilities of citizenship are likely to be most extensive in a society where there are constitutional limits on the powers of government.
A topographical map featuring contour lines shows...
the elevation and steepness of mountains.
15th Amendment
granted black men the right to vote.
14th Amendment-
declared that all persons born in the United States (except Indians) were citizens, that all citizen were entitled to equal rights regardless of their races, and their rights were protected by due process of the law.
Civil Rights Movement of the 1960's sought to address unresolved national issues that went back to...
the Reconstruction era following the Civil War.
The early Native Americans who were hunters and gatherers lived as...
Checks and Balances
a system in which one branch may use its powers to check the powers of the other two in order to maintain a balance of power among the three branches of government.
Which document would provide the most authentic report of Lincoln's inauguration? A diary of someone present or a encyclopedia account of the inauguration?
A diary. The diary is a primary sources. The encyclopedia account is a secondary source.
The courts' power to declare a law unconstitutional is called...
judicial review
Free Enterprise
the freedom of private businesses to operate competitively, for profit, and without government controls. (depends on the law of supply and demand).
angular distance east or west, almost always measured with respect to the prime meridian that runs north and south through Greenwich, England; longitude lines go around the earth vertically.
Culture diffusion
the spread of cultural traits from one society to another; the exchange of ideas between different cultural groups, accomplished through the movement of people and goods(e.g., when Spanish explorers brought horses to North America and their use was adopted into the culture of the Native Americans of the plains).
Pocket Veto
an indirect way for the President to reject a bill - by failing to sign it before Congress adjourns. The President is granted 10 days, Sundays excepted, to review a piece of legislation passed by Congress. Should he fail to sign a piece of legislation and Congress has adjourned within those ten days, the bill is automatically killed. Since a pocket veto occurs after Congress has adjourned, Congress is unable to override the President's action.
the gradual wearing away of the land surface by physical processes such as flowing water, landslides, glacial ice, waves, wind, and general weather.
For the Neolithic peoples of the Near East, the development that most influenced the shift from nomadic life to village living in permanent settlements was...
the cultivation of food-producing plants.
Primary Sources
documents/ evidence produced by someone who participated in an event or lived during the time being studied.
Who was Miriam Wallace Ferguson?
1st women to serve as governor of Texas. She was elected in 1924. FYI- Nellie Ross of Wyoming was the 1st woman governor in the United States
The submission of a law, proposed or already in effect, to a direct vote of the people. Not one of the steps in how a bill becomes a law.
contains facts, dates, calendars information, with weather forecasts, astronomical information, tide tables, and related information, but does not give causes/reasons for events.
law of supply and demand
more goods will be bought at lower prices and less at higher prices and more will be offered for sale at higher prices than at lower prices.
contains geographic information- but not information about people.
Why does the government have checks and balances?
to prevent any one branch of government from gaining too much power
Civil Rights
The protections and privileges of personal liberty given to all U.S. citizens by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, the first 10 amendments of the Constitution. The Bill of Rights were ratified in 1791, these amendments limit governmental power and protect basic rights and liberties of individuals.
mutual reliance on each other for information, resources, goods and service
procedure by which the President refuses to approve a bill to prevent its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President returns the legislation to the originating House without approval. It can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in each House.

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