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History Vocabulary Compilation

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
tribute
money paid by one country to another in return for protection
decline
to gradually lose strength or power
checks and balances
the power of each branch to check or limit the actions of the other
federalism
division of power between the federal government and the states
judicial review
the authority of the Supreme Court to strike down unconstitutional laws
hostile
unfriendly, adverse, opposed
unconstitutional
contrary to what is permitted by the Constitution
tariff
a tax on imported goods
Habeas corpus
no person may be held in prison without being charged with a specific crime
provoke
to cause to anger; to excite; to cause an action
jurisdiction
the power to hear and decide cases
alien
an outsider or someone from another country
revenue
income from taxes, licenses,etcl, as of a city, state or nation
state's rights
the idea that the union binding the United States is an agreement between the states and that they therefore can overrule federal law
critic
someone who makes judgements about objects or actions
tribute
money paid by one country to another in return for protection
ratify
approve
dominant
dominating; ruling; prevailing
nullify
deprive of legal force
appeal
to ask that the decision be reviewed by a higher court
reinforce
to strengthen
impressment
seizing sailor from their ships and forcing them to serve in the British navy
citizen
someone who is entitled to all the rights and privileges of a particular nation
emphasize
stress, to give more importance to
sedition
an activity designed to overthrow a government
popular sovereignty
the people are the primary source of the government's authority
smuggling
act of illegally importing or exporting goods
override
pass a law despite a presidential veto
repealed
canceled
alter
to change in some way; to make different
interest group
an organization that represents the concerns of a particular group
expedition
journey under-taken by a group of people with an objective
neutral
not favoring either side in a dispute
duration
length of time
warhawk
one of the members of Congress who called for war with Britain prior to the War of 1812
bill
proposal for a new law
restore
to bring back to a former condition
aristocratic
of an aristocracy or upper class
bond
a certificate issued by a government for an amount of money that the government promises to pay back with interest
Judiciary Act of 1789
law providing for the Supreme Court with 6 justices, 3 circuit courts and 13 district courts
separation of powers
the idea that powers of government must be clearly defined and divided in legislative, executive, and judicial branches
nationalism
devotion to the interests of one's own country; pride in one's own nation or ethnic group
secede
to withdraw from membership in a group
blockade
shutting a port or roadway to prevent people or supplies from coming into or leaving an area
unconstitutional
not allowed under the Constitution
smuggling
act of illegally importing or exporting goods
dictatorship
government in which one person or a small group holds complete authority
naturalization
the official legal process of becoming a citizen
continental divide
mountain ridge that separates river systems flowing toward opposite sides of a continent
limited government
government has only the powers that the Constitution gives it
speculators
people who invest in a risky venture in the hope of making a large profit
veto
reject
censorship
the power to review, change, or prevent publication of news
faction
an organized political group
inauguration
a ceremony in which the President takes the oath of office
amending
changing the Constitution
dissent
disagreement
private property
property owned by an individual
laissez faire
French for "let alone" - government should not interfere in the economy
libel
the publication of false and malicious information that damages a person's reputation
republic
a government in which citizens rule themselves through elected represtatives
embargo
government order that forbids foreign trade
impose
place a burden on something or someone

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