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james madison
4th President of the United States
limited goverment
Presidents and citizens must obey the law and consequences will take place if they violete the law
separation of power
The division of a central government into three branches, each having its own responsibilities and authorities., the division of basic government roles into branches.
the great compromise
population based represtation in the house of rep. equal represtation in the senate, money bill orginate in the house, taxes on states according to population
constitutional convention
meeting of delegates in 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation, which produced the new U.S. Constitution
popular sovereignty
Political authority ultimately determined by the citizens
individual rights
Theses are protected by the Bill of Rights and include economic rights related to property, political rights related to freedom of speech and press, and personal rights related to bearing arms and maintaining private residences.
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
A philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people. The government is based on consent of the governed.
virginia plan
James Madison introduced this place which called for a national government that had unrestricted rights of legislation and taxation, the right to veto any state law, and use military force against the states. It also specified a bicameral legislature and fixed representation in both Houses who also named judges and the President
sharing of power between a national goverment and its subdivisons such as states
new jersey plan
Opposite of the Virginia Plan, it proposed a single-chamber congress in which each state had one vote. This created a conflict with representation between bigger states, who wanted control befitting their population, and smaller states, who didn't want to be bullied by larger states.

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