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unit 5 review



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english bill of rights
King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with Parliament and the people.
having the earth as the center
johann sebastian bach
Born 1685 in Germany; Taveled and brought new music ideas to the church; Baroque style: complex, multilayered
john locke
English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)
galileo galilei
Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars
absolute monarchy
ruler's power is unlimited
jean-jacques rosseau
philosopher and composer of the Enlightenment whose political ideas influenced the French Revolution, the development of both liberal and socialist theory, and the growth of nationalism.
scientific method
it is a way to ask and answer scientific question by making observations and doing experiments.
charles II
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1660-1685) who reigned during the Restoration, a period of expanding trade and colonization as well as strong opposition to Catholicism
divine right of kings
god gave kings the right to rule and kings are answerable only to God
thomas hobbes
Philosopher who argued that man was sinful and needed to be controlled
age of reason
a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)
glorious revolution
Overthrew James II and put in Mary and William who worked with Parliment to run England
johnanes kepler
a german mathematicatician, confirmed the heliocentric theory with obsevation
age of absolutism
Time period where kings and queens ruled domains with total control over their people.
oliver cormwell
leaded military in england untill1658
wolfgang amadeus mozart
Born 1756 in Austria. Musical prodigy. Traveled through Europe. Rebelled against church rules. Classical Style,
charles I
King of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1625-1649). His power struggles with Parliament resulted in the English Civil War (1642-1648) in which Charles was defeated. He was tried for treason and beheaded in 1649
isaac newton
English mathematician and physicist
a sun-centered universe
scientific revolution
an era between 16th and 18th centuries when scientists began doing research in a new way using the scientific method
miguel de cervantes
Mocked the tradation of Spain's feudal past in his novel "Don Quixote".
english civil war
civil war in England between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists under Charles I
william harvey
discovered circulation of blood
louis XIV
The French King who built the palace at versailles
constitutional monarchy
A King or Queen is the official head of state but power is limited by a constitution.
left unplowed and unseeded during a growing season
Philosopher that defended the freedom of thought.
peter the great
ruled Russia from 1682 to 1725, wanted closer ties to western europe, modernize and strengthen Russia
william and mary
Prostestant, married William of Orange ruler of Netherlands and Protestant champion of Europe, invited by Parilament to assume the throne, James II offered no resistence and fled to France
a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions
frederick the great
King of Prussia who used the army to strengthen his country
nicolaus copernicus
Polish astronomer who produced a workable model of the solar system with the sun in the center (1473-1543)
eugene delacroix
Born 1798 in France.ART. Romantic: emotion not reason. Use of color. Historic themes.

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