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chap 12 mideval europe

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
patron
a person who supports the arts
manor
The landed estate of a lord or nobleman.
lord
master of the manor
charter
a document incorporating an institution and specifying its rights
feudalism
the social system that developed in Europe in the 8th C
scriptorium
a room in which manuscripts are stored, written, or copied
magna carta
This document, signed by King John of Endland in 1215, is the cornerstone of English justice and law. It declared that the king and government were bound by the same laws as other citizens of England. It contained the antecedents of the ideas of due process and the right to a fair and speedy trial that are included in the protection offered by the U.S. Bill of Rights
geocentric theory
Arrangment of the solar system that places the earth at the center with the sun and planets orbiting the earth
ural mountains
a mountain range in western Russia extending from the arctic to the Caspian Sea
vassal
a person holding a fief, in medieval Europe, a man who promised to be loyal to a landowner, who in return gave him a share of the land called a fief
reformation
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
commerce
transactions (sales and purchases) having the objective of supplying commodities (goods and services)
absolute monarchy
a system of government in which the head of state is a hereditary position and the king or queen has almost complete power
deforestation
the removal of trees
parliament
a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Great Britain)
serf
(Middle Ages) a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord
guild
a formal association of people with similar interests
Renaissance
the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world
crusade
any of the more or less continuous military expeditions in the 11-13th centuries when Christian powers of Europe tried to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims
fief
a piece of land held under the feudal system
constitutional monarchy
A monarch (king/queen) is the official head of state but their power is limited by a constitution
protestant
the Protestant churches and denominations collectively
middle ages
the period of history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance
heliocentric theory
Sun is the center of the universe

Deck Info

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