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World Civ I Test 1

Terms

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the great pyramid
built by Khufu(a succesful pharoh)-100,000 people to build-no slave labor, and 20 years to build
Solon
advocate for lower class; cancelled all debts and freed all slaves; revived popular assembly
Greek City-States
inability to unify leads to their downfall
Amenhotep III
his rule epitomizes the climax of egyptian power in the New Kingdom
Early Dynastic period(thinite period)
age of pyramid building
Hittites
a powerful empire in Anatolia
Sparta
nominal monarchy;really age of nobles; very suspicious of foreigners and foreign ideas
Amenhotep IV
fat;brings about new monotheistic religion worshipping only Aton; renames himself Akhenaten; very into new religion
first dynasty
first united egypt-upper and lower
Battle of Kadesh
Hittites and Egyptians go to war and end up making peace-beneficial to both
Tutankhamen
forced to renounce monotheistic religion;tomb found in 20th century;comes into power when things are looking bad
World Empire of Persians
Anatolia, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Babylonia
lower egypt
north
Exodus
no records in Egyptian history
hierakonpolis
capitol of upper egypt; burried dead
Menes
(AKA Narmer-catfish) first egyptian pharoh-sets up first dynasty
Cliesthenes
hero of the lower class;introduced new constitution giving the popular assembly more power;everyone could participate in governments;democratic constitution
The 2nd Messenian War
Messania resented Spartan rule and rebelled;deeply affected Sparta to become more militarily adept;moved to and oligarchy
Ramses II
Greatest ruler of the 19th dynasty;fights the Hittites; exodus probably happens in his reign; he breathes temporary life into the dying kingdom
Armana
capitol city built to worship Aton
Hyksos
later part of middle kingdom;invaded northern egypt
Tyrtaeus
great orator and gifted military commander; encouraged youths to fight-helped to win the war
Memphis
capitol of united egypt-on the border of the 2 kingdoms
Thutmose III
hated Hatshepsut;great military commander;expanded egyptian territory;humane to his captives;called the Napoleon of Ancient Egypt; built obilisks to tell of his accomplishments;largest empire
Athens
democracy;open and free society;best navy
Ahmose I
Founder of the 18th dynasty
Cyrus the Great
in one lifetime created one of the greatest empires in all hisory;he was tolerant and kind to his captives which kept the empire glued together
New Kingdom
militaristic-powerful army;imperialistic;absolutist-pharoh had much power
Age of Nobles
kingship is eliminated in Athens and power is in nobles' hands
Sparta
very militaristic, disciplined, and controlled
Hatshepsut
woman pharoh;portrayed as masculine
upper egypt
south
Darius I
continued building on Cyrus' empire to gain the World Empire of Persians
nile river
lifeblood of egypt; flowed north
Amenemhet I
established new kingdom and 12th dynasty; bragged that none were hungry and all were at peace and cared for during his reign

Deck Info

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