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Ancient Greece!

Terms

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Acropolis
fortified part of Ancient Greece
Minoans
Civilization_reached its height between 1600 BCE - 1500 BCE, located on the island of Crete, polytheistic
Herodotus
"Father of History" recorded history
Oligarchy
government by few
Tyranny
unjust use of absolute governmental power
Hoplite
heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece
Mycenaeans
1400 BCE - 1200 BCE, sea traders, warriors ruled the city-states
Plato
Greek Philosopher, teacher of Aristotle
Thucydides
Greek historian, recorded important parts of Pelopanisian war
Cleisthenes
an Athenian, started democracy, reformed Athenian constitution
Hellenistic Age
323 BCE - 31BCE
Monarchy
ruled by one person, normally inherits power
Persian War
series of conflicts between Greek city-states and the Persians
Ephors
body of five elected magistrates excersising a supervisory power over the king of Sparta
Socrates
Greek Philosopher, teacher of Plato
Pisistratus
Athenian Tyrant, supported athletic contests
Democracy
government by the people
Aristorcracy
upper class rules
Helots
a person who serves
Dalian league
prepared for future invasion by the Persians
Phalanx
fighting technique used by Alexander the Great, people grouped together with spears and shields
Dorian Invasions
used to decribe the replacement of tradition and dialect in ancient Greece
Hellenic Culture
ancient Greek culture, consisting of its city-states
Ostracism
temporary banishment
Homer
Greek Poet, wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey
Peloponnesian War
conflict between Athenian and Pelopanisian league
Polis
city-state
Archon
high official
Athens
city-state that started as a monarchy and evolved into an aristocracy
Solon
lawgiver and poet, reformed the Athenian caste system
Alexander The Great
King of Macedon, Leader and Architect
Aristotle
Greek Philosopher, teacher of Alexander the Great!
Sparta
Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves, discouraged art
Pericles
Athenian leader who advanced democracy

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