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Dutch East India Company
A company founded by the Dutch in the eraly 17th century
Timur the Lame
Named due to an injury by an arrow int he leg
Concert of Europe
A series of alliances among European nations in the 19 century
Giuseppe Garibaldi
Leader of the group known as Red Shirts
A large tomb or building containing tombs
Charles I
Stuart King of England
Vasco da Gama
A Portugese explorer credited with giving Portugal a direct sea route to India
In the first half of the 19 century, a European-mainly middles-class business leaders and merchants-who wanted to give more political power to elected parliments, incorporating enlightenments ideas
Puritain supporters of Parliment
Literally translated "without breeches", in the French Revolution
Constitutional Monarchy
A system of govening in which the ruler's power is limitedby law/constitution
Elba Island
Island off the coast of Italy where Napoleon was sent into exile
"God, glory, gold"
Primary motives for exploration
Marie Antoinette
French Queen and wife of Louis XVI
Follower or Osman
A person who leaves his native country for political reasons
Balance of Power
A political situation in which no one nation is powerful enough to pose a threat to others
Tokugawa Shogumate
A dynasty of shoguns that ruled a unified Japan from1603 to 1867
French troops led by Napoleon were defeated by the armies of Persia
A government-run public school in France
Invasion of Russia
Napoleon's most disastrous military campaign
Taj Mahal
Built by Shah Jahan in India
A per capita tax inposed on non-Muslim adult males
Holy Alliance
A league of European formed by the leaders of Russia, Austria, and Prussiaafter the Cngress of Vienna
Louis XVI
Bourbon King during the French Revolution
Glorious Revolution
The bloodless overthrow of the English king James II and his replacement by William and Mary
Prince Henry
Called "the navigator" for his role in promoting explorations
Old Regime
The social and political system of France where the poeple were divided into three large social classes or estates
Mehmed II
Also called Mehmed the Conqueror
Congress of Vienna
A series of meeting in 1814-1815
A direct vote in which a country's people have the opportunity to approve or reject a propsal
A Shi'ite Mislim dynasty that ruled in Persia
St. Helena Island
A remote island in the South Atlantic where Napoleon was sent in his second exile
When England restored the monarchy by bringing Charles II to the throne
A member of an elite force of soldiers in the Ottoman Empire
A Japanese Feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai
The belief that poeple should be loyal mainly to their nation
Checks and Balances
Measures designed to prevent any one branch of government from dominating the others
In the first half of the 19 century, a European who favored drastic change to extend democracy to all poelpe
Strongly conservative members of Prussia's wealthy landowning class
Known as the most successful warrior
Treaty of Tordesillas
A 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain
Declaration of Independence
Written by Thomas Jefferson
Otto Von Bismarck
Conservative Junker chosen by William I of Germany as Prime Minister in 1862
The Banlkans
The region of southeastern Europe now occupied by Greece
Shah Juhan
Son of Jahangir
A Warrior for Islam
Reign of Terror
The period, from mid-1793 to mid-1794, when Robespierre ruled France nearly as a dictator and thousands of political figures and ordinary citizens were executed
Bartolomeu Dias
An early Portuguese explorer known for his statement about his motives
Seperate legal courts pertaining to personal law under which minorities were allowed to rule themselves
Supporters of the sans-culottes and extreme radicals who formed the Mountain
Zheng He
A Chinese Muslim admiral
Oliver Cromwell
Puritain general in English Civil War became military dictator in 1653
A bass circle with carefully adjusted rings marked off in degrees
A political state whose people also the same language and culture
Habeas Corpus
A document requiringthat a prisoner to be brought before a court or judge so that it can be decided wheather his or her imprisonment is legal
Continental System
Napoleon's policy of preventing trade between Great Britain and continental Europe
Ming Dynasty
A Chinese dynasty that ruled from 1368 to 1644, the dominant power in Asia
Hundred Days
The breif period during 1815 when Napoleon made his last bid for power
English Civil War
A conflict, lasting from 1642 to 1649
Coup d etat
A sudden seizure of political power in a nation
The process of forcing Russian culture on all ethnic groups in the Russian Empire
One of the nomads who invaded the Idian subcontinent in the 16th centuryand established a powerful empire there
Maximilien Robespierre
Jacobin leader
Scorched-Earth Policy
The practice of burning crops and killing livestock during wartime
Great Fear
A wave of senseless panic that spread through the Freanch countryside after the storming of the Bastille in 1789
Suleyman the Lawgiver
Also known as Suleyman the Magnificant
Byzantine Empire
Non-Muslim religious communities permitted to follow their own religious laws and practices
Alexander II
Son of Czar Nicholars
William and Mary
King and Queen of England after the Glorious Revolution
Guerilla Warfare
A member of a loosely organized fighting force that makes surprise attacks on enemy troops
Federal System
A system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and a number of individual states
"The politica of reality"
In 1499, at the age of 12, siezed most of what is now Iran
Member of a nonviolent religious group whose beliefs belnd elements of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Sufism, target of the Mughals hatred
The use of troops or ships to prevent commercial traffic from entering or leaving a city or region
The hereditary right of a monarch to rule
Nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte
Sturdier than earlier ships
Tennis Court Oath
After establishingthe National Assembly, the Third Estate delagates, locked out of their meeting room, broke down a door to an indoor tennis court, plaedging to stay until they had drawn up a new constitution
In the Ottoman Enpire, the policy of taking boys from conquered Christian peoples to be trained as Muslim soldiers
Klemens Von Metternich
Austria's chief minister who presided over the congress of Vienna
Shah Abbas built this new capital for the Safavid culture
"Overlord", or "one with power"
Conquered my Mehmed II
Battle of Trafalgar
An 1805 naval battle in which Napoleon forces were defeated by a British fleet under the command of Horatio Nelson
Camillo Di Cavour
Known for leading Itailian unification
In the first half of the 19 century, A European-mainly wealthy landowners and nobles-who wanted to preserve the traditional monarchies of Europe
Baburs grandson, "Greatest One"
petition of Right
Document signed by Charles I in 1628
Hereditary moonarch of Iran
a group of advisors or ministers chosen by the head of a country to help make government decisions
Napoleon Bonaparte
French general who overthrew the Directory
Shah Abbas
Also knwon as Abbaas the Great
One who doesn't believe in a certain religion
An intrument for determining directions
A people, native to Manchuria
Social class system in France consistingof thre large groups, the third estate was the largest and poorest group of them all
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution
3rd son of Shah Jahan of Mughal Empire in India
Quing Dynasty
Chinas last dynasty
Napoleonic Code
A comprehensive and uniform system of laws established for France by Napoleon
11 year old boy who inherited a kindom that is now Uzbekistan and Tajikistan

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