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Exam 2

Terms

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Executive Departments and independant agencies can be creatd or abolished by
Congress
Congress and states can reverse a supreme courts interpretation of the constitution by:
Writing new legislation.
Judicial self-restraint:
The self-imposed limitation on judicial power by judges deferring to the policy judgments of elected branches of goverment.
Filibuster:
Process where a single Senator can "talk a bill to death"by unlimited debate:
Judicial Activism:
The making of a new law through judicial interpretation of the Constitution.
Common Law:
A cumulative body or decisions based on custom or precedent.
The concept of divided goverment:
Congress having a majority party that is different from the party of the president.
Since the turn of the century, the presidency has grown because:
People have looked to the president for leadership in getting the government to provide more services
Cases in whic the death penalty is a possible punshiment are called:
Capital cases.
Seniority System:
System which allows elected officals with longest tenure to automatically serve as committee heads.
Judicial Restraint:
Philosophy whereby presidents claim the inherent right to with hold information from congress or the judiciary.
A judicial philosophy under which judges attempt to apply the values of founders to current issues is called:
Original intent.
Divided Goverment:
When a republican president faces a democratic congress or vice versa.
Pocket Veto:
Presidents power to kill a bill by taking no action.
Whips:
Legislative leaders who round up party members for important votes.
Congress does most of its work:
In committees and subcommittees.
Cloture:
Procedure allowing a filibuster end by 3/5 vote of the Senate.
Events in Europe , the Middle East ,and the Persian Gulf show that the war powers act:
May keep US troops from extended involvement overseas.
The Supreme Court power or judicial review is the power to:
Declare acts of congress unconstitutional, executive branch unconstitutional,state,local and federal government unconstitutional.
Judicial activism:
Philiosophy whereby the Constitution is boldly intepreted to effect social and political questions.
The idea behind the personal presidency is that:
People expect the president to convince the government to give them what they want.
A meeting by members of a political party to choose a committee head would be called:
Caucus
Bureaucrat:
Public Adminstrator
Tthe iron triangle or subgoverment refers to:
Interaction between bureaucracy,interest groups, and congressional committees.
A senator manages to get 10 billion appropriated to build a defense base in his home state. This is called:
Pork barrel Politics.
Civilian Supremacy:
Principle of presidential authority over the military.
Stewardship theory or trustee of the people.
Theory that elected officials vote their conscience if the peoples wishes are not clearly known.
Gridlock in congress is most often explained by:
The problems of a divided government.
The constitution provides explicit authority for the president to:
Negotiate treaties.
The Supreme Court ruling that officially established judicial review as the most important judicial check on congressional power.
Marbury vs. Madison
In deciding cases and applying the law, judges often rely on the principle known:
Stare decisis.
List the Officials Roles of a president: Hint: CLADS
Commander on Chief, Chief Lesiglature, Chief Ambassdor, Chief Diplomat, & Chief of State. Also the Popular Leader & The Political Party Leader.
The growing size of the executive branch has:
Made the president more powerful.
Stare Decisis:
The legal principle that previous decisions should determine the outcome of current cases.
Bureaucracies have a natural tendency to:
Gradually expand.
Grand Jury
Body of individuals convened to determine if enough evidence exists to warrant a trial
Laissez-faire-capatilism:
Philosophy that goverment should interfere as little as possible with business.
Spoils System:
Practice where victorious politicias reward their followers with jobs.
The real power in a bureaucracy comes from:
the discretion and expertise of bureaucrats who interpret policy.
The War Powers Resolution was an effort to:
Limit the power of the president to start military action and requir the president to consult with congress about any military action.
The most democratic body of our goverment is:
House of Representatives.
Executive Privilidge:
Doctrine where the president claims the inherent right to withhold information from Congress or the Judiciary.
Gerrymandering:
Drawing lines of electoral districts in order to favor one party/group over another.
In the course of 200 years the courts have gained in legitimacy:
The final authority on the law and the Constitution.
Goverment bureaucracy is considered by many people to be:
Incomplete and Unresponsive.
Whistle Blower:
Expose evidence of waste, fraud and abuse.

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