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Geography Final Exam

Terms

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Louisiana Purchase
the sale of land in 1803 by France to the United States; all the land between the Mississippi River and the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains
middle latitudes
the regions b/t the tropic of cancer and the arctic circle & the tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic circle
Revolutionary War
the war in which American colonies won their independence from Britain, fought from 1775-1781
Holocaust
the execution of 6 million Jews by German Nazis during the World War II
capitalism
an economic system in which ppl and & privately run companies own both basic and non basic businesses & industries
quaternary industry
quaternary industry- info tech, including industries that provide internet services, comp software, cable, phone services
Civil War
the war between the Northern and Southern states of the United States, which began in 1861, and ended in 1865
subistence farming
raising just enough crops to feed one's family
dictatorship
a government in which one person governs
Constitution
document written in 1787 & and approved in 1789 that established 3 branches of American government and protected the rights of individual citizens
tertiary industry
The segment of the economy that provides services to its consumers. This includes a wide range of businesses including financial institutions, schools, transports and restaurants.
meridian
an imaginary line that circles the globe from north to south, line of longitude
primary industry
the part of the economy that produces raw materials ex: fishing, mining, forestry
culture
language, religious beliefs, values, customs and other ways of life shared by a group of people
Civil Rights Movement
a large group of people who worked together in the United States beginning in the 1960s to end the segregation of African Americans and support all equal rights for all minorities
parallel
in geography, any of the imaginary lines that circle earth parallel to the equator; a latitude line
secondary Industry
manufacturing businesses that take materials from primary industries and other secondary industries and make them into goods
Cold War
a period of great tension between the United States, and the former Soviet Union, which lasted for more that 40 years after World War II
free enterprise
an economic system in which individuals can start and run their own business
Declaration of Idependence
document written by Thomas Jefferson in 1776 that explained American colonists' reason for rejecting British rule; representatives from each of the thirteen colonies showed their reason for independence by signing the document
low latitiudes
the region b/t tropic of cancer and tropic of Capricorn
high latitudes
regions b/t arctic circle & north pole and Antarctic circle & the south pole

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