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chapter 3 (us)


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characteristics & advantages of middle colonies
1. soil fertile and prevalent 2. broad rivers for trade 3. industry 4. ethnically mixed 5. medium size farms
Rougues Island
nickname of Rhode island bc it harbored ppl such as hutchinson & williams & other radicals
Massachusetts Bay Colony
larger neighbor of Plymouth; less spiritual and more about $
William Bradford
cultured pilgrim who was gov 30X; didnt want non-puritans to corrupt settlement
Blue Law State
repressive laws in Massachusetts governing behavior (on this color paper)
"City on a Hill"
said by John Winthrop to tell puritans of MBC to be a model for humanity
how england gained control of netherlands
duke of york attacked new amsterdam, which was forced to surrender for lack of weapons
"great Migration" (1630s)
70000 english ppl in 1630s came to colonies and caribbean
"Visible Saints"
calvinists & puritans; those who felt the stirrings of grace in their souls & could demonstrate its presence
vast feudal estates along the Hudson river
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
trailblazing document that created a modern constitution that created a democracy
circumstances of founding of maine
was part of massachusetts taken away as punishment by the king
tiny group of puritans who wanted to break away completely from the church
New Netherlands
colony on Hudson River w/ fur trade. owned Manhattan Island; owned by dutch west india company
Peter Stuyvesant
leader in that was intolerant in religion & opposed to popular suffrage; forced to give up to duke of york for lack of guns
Navigation Laws
rules regarding shipping of products from america to other countries; promoted smuggling
New England Confederation (1643-1686)
4 colonies (MBC, plymouth, connecticut colonies: newhaven, scattered valley ppl), allowed for protection against foes & helped w other problems
Sir Edmund Andros
man in boston headed navigation laws and put restrictions on press, meetings, etc. hated by colonists
King Philip's war
war b/ween indians & settlers that killed hundreds of settlers & indians; slowed westward movement
"salutary neglect"
time period in which the navigation laws were only weakly enforced
a wamponoag that learned english & intermideated b/ween colonist in plymouth & indians
John Calvin and Institutes of the Christian Religion
created calvinism (beliefs used in Puritanis, said God was all-powerful, knowing, & good) also predestination
Clergy, religious leaders (in massachusetts)
member of Massachusetts bay with the most political power
Thomas Hooker
reverend who led puritans to connecticut; created fundamental orders
John Winthrop
1st gov of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (19 yrs); v religious
New Amsterdam
later nyc; also run by dutch west india company; strong aristocracy & little religious toleration
Glorious Revolution
revolution with no blood that dethroned james II & put dutch william III and mary on the throne; caused colonists to rebel
indians near plymouth; friendly w pilgrims through squanto
cheif wampanoag who signed peace treaty w pilgrims
Dutch East & West India Companies
profitable companies in the caribbean (w. often raided spanish ships, less profitable then e.)
John Cotton
fiery clergy in Massachusetts who defended govs right to make religious rules; preached up to 6 hrs a day
Roger Williams
Salem minister who wanted to separate from church, objected to treatment of indians, and questioned authority of church on legal matters
Chief Tammany
indian chief that penn bought land from; v. good relationship b/ween settlers and indians
Captain Miles Standish
nicknamed "captain shrimp"; served on the mayflower, crucial indian fighter and negotiater
boat that brought 100 separatists to the new world from holland
Anne Hutchinson
woman who carried predestination to logical extreme of antinomianism, banished to Rhode Island
Metacom (king phillip)
son of Massasoit; led the only hope of rebellion of indians by combining the tribes (called this by english)
Wall Street
settlers on manhattan island erected a wall as a defense measure against indians
origin of the name New York
named for duke of york who captured it
english reformers who wanted to purify the church of england
Pequot War (1637)
war b/ween ppl in connecticut & pequots; english fought them w narrangansetts and killed off most of this tribe
"Protestant Ethic"
involved serious commitment to work and to engagement in wordly pursuits for God
Henry Hudson
english explorer who ventured into delaware and ny and went up the hudson river
God already chose & knew who was going to heaven and hell (the elect)
Circumstances of founding of njersey & delaware
nj-2 proprieters bought land from duke of york (w. was quakers) d- named for de la warr, granted own assembly but remained under gov of Pennsylvania
Dominion of New England (1686-1688)
when charles II was restored, much more british involvement occured, bringing out rebellion in colonies
William Penn
leader of quakers in pennsylvania (created colony of a debt owed to him by king)
Mayflower Compact
an agreement by the pilgrims to form a crude gov & to submit to the will of the majority & God
claimed that a holy life was no sign of salvation & that the saved need not bother to obey the law of either God of man
Michael Wigglesworth & "The Day of Doom"
clergyman who illustrated the horrors of hell in this poem
Religious Society of Friends
official name of the quakers

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