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Super Quiz


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Who posted the Ninety-Five Theses on the door of the Castle Church?
Martin Luther in 1517
Charles, the archduke of Austria, is also known as?
Roman Emperor Charles V
Ferdinand Magellan was from where?
Who overthrew the Aztec Empire in 1521?
Hernando Cortes
When did Charles V Defeat Francis I?
What were the Jews accused of in 1510 in Brandenburg, Germany?
Stealing and stabbing the Host
What made the people belive their souls were being saved but was actually a scam.
What was Frederick the Wise of Saxony's "hobby"?
To collect holy relics
Dutch Scholar Desiderius Erasmus and English Lawyer Thomas More reprisented what?
Christian Humanists
Who became chancellor to King Henry VIII?
Thomas More
He used movable type of blocks to print papal documents and the first printed version of the Bible.
Who was he?
Johannes Gutenberg
The Praise of Folly was written by which Humanist?
Desiderius Erasmasus
Italian Humanist also called?
Civic Humanist
Northern Humanist were against's preaching in that they spoke out against a broad range of political, social, economic, and religious evils. True or False?
The most significant figure in English humanist ?; he wrote ___ which is the first description of an ideal state since Plato's republic.
Sir Thomas More, Utopia.
Where did the magnetic needle and compass come from, and when?
Arabs, 12th Century
Why did explorers want to find a direct route to India?
They wanted to obtain spices such as pepper, cinnamon, nutmeg, etc.
Who was Columbus referred to for a patron for his vogage?
Ferdinand V &
Ferdinand Magellan left Spain and crossed ________.
Cape horn, and Zebu
Vasco de Gama explored?
Cape of Good Hope, and Lisbon
When Hernando Cortez went to Mexico, their population was reduced from 25 million to ___.
2 million
Francisco Pizzaro conquered ____________.
The Incan Empire of Peru
Petrarch Influences
Cicero & Agustine
Which language did Humanist focus in redescovering?
What kind of reasoning does this phrase use?
" All humans are animals. Socrates is human. Therefore, Socrates is an animal"
What did Cicero argue was the greatest profession?
The ability to persuade others by using the arts of language.
Known for his work in discovering and dissembling classical literature.
Who was a prominent civil humanist?
Leonardo Bruni &/or Leon Battista Alberti
Provided a program of study in eloquence and composition
"The Eloquence of the Latin Language"
who was the greatest collector of Greek works?
Giovanni Aurispa
What was the purpose of the Council of Constance?
Central place for recovering ancient text.
Valla's work "On Pleasure" features three speakers which are?
A stoic
an Epicurean
and a Christian
Which religion did Salutati Followed?
What influenced the writing of history in Christian Europe?
The Bible and Augustine's "City of God"
Who was Livy?
Ancient Roman Historian
Found a Relationship between Roman freedom and Roman Literature
Leonardo Bruni
What was Henry VIII recognized for by the Catholic Church?
Defender of the Faith.
The year Henry decided he would divorce CAtherine of Aragon to marry Anne Boleyn.
Why could Henry not divorce Cathorine easily?
Catherine's brother, Charles V, sent his armies to Rome and Pope Clement VII didn't want to have Charles destroy him.
Francois Rabelais(1494-1553, a French humanist is best remembered for?
Gargantua and Pantagruel
coarse humor or bold caricature-burlesque humor, what term means that?
He blended zeal for relegious reform and German nationalist feelings, he wanted to unite Germany under the emperor, led a tumultuous life as a wandering Greek scholar and satirist.
Ulrich von Hutten
What is the Tripartite Constitution of Milan?
Each of the three main classes had its own political organization.
In what year did Archbishop Ottone Visconti become lord of Milan?
Who was the family who dominated the Milan during the much of the thirteenth century?
Della Torre
In what year did the Visconti brothers become joint rulers?
In what year did Aquinas die,of what,and how old was he?
Year 1274, died of fever, and was barely 50 yrs old.
What is Aquinas theory of knowledge?
A sober statement of how men know the world.
Aquinas wanted to understand the intelligibility of the individual human soul.Therefore his focus was on man. what was Augustines focus on?
The world
Who was Aquinas?
A Medieval Philosopher
since what century did Theology develope?
the 2nd and 3rd century
Who was the heir of Henry VIII?
Edward VI.
What religion was Edward VI rasied in?
Why did Henry not complain about the religious ordeal with Edward.
He feared England would revert back to Roman (Catholic) power.
What was abolished under Edward's uncle, Sir Wailliam Paget, that was essentially the only religious act by Henry VIII?
Act of Six Articles.
What was the Act of Six Articles?
Six conservative views by Henry VIII.
Who succeeded Edward?
Mary I.
What was she so famous for?
Bringing Catholicism back to England.
Who succeeded Mary I?
Elizabeth I
What made Elizabeth I so important?
She fought a great war with Sctoland and Catholicism came back to a lot of Europe.
What happened after the defeat?
A victory.
Did Mary win in the end (1568)?
What is another word for dogmatism?
What was the name of the god they thought was evil?
What was the name of the God that they said was the good one and that went thru persecution and crucifixion?
Jesus Christ
Why was the clash between reason and faith inevitable?
Because of intellectual,social,economic,and cultural changes for the 12th and 13th century.
In what century was Aquinas certainly the New Aristotle?
In the 13th century
When was Charles V born?
February 24, 1500.
When did Charles V's father die?
When Charles was 6.
Who thought Charles that "authorities may clash," according to one historian.
Those who took care of him when his father died, his aunt Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands, and his chamberlain, Sieur de Chievres.
What activities did he like?
Which did he despise?
hunting, music, singing, art, and architecture,
Latin, Greek, or any other ancient language.
The age Charles became ruler of the Netherlands.
Year Charles became Holy Roman Emperor.
Year Charles V summoned Martin Luther to later declare him beyond rehabilitation.
War with France. (There are details of the war on page 56)
Year Charles V was crowned Holy Roman Emperor at Bologna.
Year Paul III convened the Council of Trent from within to make it more tolerant of other practices. This did not have a large impact.
Year Charles brought England into the Spanish orbit by marrying Philip II to the Catholic English queen. It would all be for nothing when Mary died in 1558 and Phillip could not be recognized as an idependent monarch leading to no children.
Charles left the bulk of his possessions to Philip II and retired to a monastary.
Charles V died.
January of 1556
What year was both the year of Lorenzo Medici's marriage and the death of his father Piero?
What is Niccolo Machiavelli's noted book?
_The Prince_
What was the Signoria?
A body of nine men, relected every two months, which controled Florence.
How were the Medici Brothers different from princes?
Princes could command and expect to be obeyed by subjects. The Medici brothers could only adbise, cajole, persuade, and hope to be followed.
The Florentine Republic was no democracy but an oligarchy of ___________.
rich merchants
What were some of the sources of Medici Power? (name at least 1)
Manipulation in the selection of the Signoria,
Backing of foreign princes,
looking after clients' intrests, posting coat of arms
Who ruled Milan after Galeazzo died in 1378?
Gian Galeazzo
How did Gian Galeazzo become the ruler of the whole Milanese state?
He tricked his uncle, Bernarb, and put him in jail where he died.
Who were the two brother who ruled Milan?
Galeazzo and Bernarb
Who purchased the Holy Roman Emperor the title of Duke of Milan?
Gian Galeazzo
Who received the title of duke after Gian Galeazzo?
Giovanni Maria
Last notable french skeptic developed a new literary form an gave what name?
the Essay
The most famous work by by Miguel de Servante is?
Don Quixote de la Mancha
This author, at the reign of Queen Elizabeth produced thirty seven plays-comedies, histories, tragedies, and romances. Who is he?
William Shakespeare
Flemish painter was famous for "the full flowering of the spirit of the late late MIddle Ages"
Jan van Eyck
This German painter was influenced deeply by Italian art. Who is he?
Albrecht Durer
His work doesn't live up to the humanistic ideal of history as literature
Flavio Biondo
Who thought learning "must be voluntary, that ir must be interspersed with holidays and games"?
Put into Practice Quintlian's ideas.
Vittorino da Feltre &/or Guarino da Verona
A detail portrait of the ideal product of a himanistic education can be found in
Il Cortegiano (The Courtier)
il Cortegiano (The courtier) was written by
Baldassare castiglione
what position does the pope holds in the Renaissance?
Rulers of the church and head of an italian city-state
became the head of a conspiracy to take over the city for the "people"
Cola di Rienzo
first humanist pope and the real founder of the Vatican Library
Nicolas V
wrote in favor of the council of basil but then he changed sides and supported the pope
Arneas Sylvius
Spanish Cardinal who became pope and had 2 children Lucrezia and Caesar; became synonimous with the moral degradation.
Rodrigo Borgia &/or Alexander IV
Renaissance Platonism was considered as a school or even a coherent movement.
True or False?
it was not a program of education or constitute normal studies nor did it ever become a program of study or curriculum.
the first to undertake translating and transmitting Plato to the rest of Europe was Cardinal Bessarion.
True or False?
who was Marsilio Ficino?
the most important of the Renaissance Neoplatonists
Ficino was the founder of what?
of the Academy in Firenze under the auspices of Cosimo de'Medici
Pico Della Mirandola was both a Neoplatonist and a humanist.
True or False
What led to the reformation?
religious questioning
The advent of printing was brought by
the desire to communicate and disseminate
What was the spelling punctuation, abbreviation, and Gothic and Roman letter forms were drawn from the
medieval manuscript tradition
Why did the printers diminish its attachment to the manuscript tradition?
competition forced it to adopt new printing methods
Who made the printing press?
Who succeeded Giovanni Maria?
Fillipo Maria
Who assisted Francesco Sforza in laying siege to Milan in 1450?
Florence's ruler Cosimo de' Medici
What was the Peace of Lodi of 1454?
It ended the conflict between the city-states.
How was Galeazzo Maria killed, the son and successor of Sforza until 1476?
He was murdered in church
Who was the duke of Milan in name, but not in power?
Gian Galeazzo
When did the assembly of the people become formally abolished?
In the fifteenth century.
The merchant oligarchy of Venice exercised its power through a _____________ ___________ and a _______________ _____________.
Great Council, Small council
In 1310, in Venice, what act led to a serious conspircay against the government?
The "closing" of the Great Council in 1297.
What was the purpose of the Council of Ten?
To guard against further attempts of conspiracy against the government.
What was the ducat?
Venice's gold coin.
In what year did the Turks took Constantinople from Venice?
How was Venice's position decline towards the end of the sixteenth century?
Continued war with the Turks, outbreak of the plague, and exhaustion of the supply of timber for shipbuilding.
What were some of the essential defining features of the Renaissance?
“The rediscovery of man and the world, a renewed sense of joy in life, realism replacing idealism, and experimentation with the pursuit of knowledge displacing traditionalism and obscurantism”
Where were the first manifestations of the Renaissance?
Why was Venice the most stable of the Italian city states?
It’s constitution, the impenetrable position of the island, and the uniform sea oriented interests of its people.
In what year did Copernicus publish his book of astronomy and Vesalius in anatomy?
The scientific revolution took place during what century?
16th, 17th, 18th
In 1687 Newton publish this book of astronomy and physic.
Who said "the heart has its reason, which reason does not know"
Blaise Pascal 1623-62
In Advancement of Learning, Francis Bacon describe two causes in nature, what are they and which time period use them?
1: Medieval philosopher focus on intention, the "final cause"
2: Modern scientist focus on consequences, "physical cause"
How did some of the scientist of the 16th century explain nature?
They use mathematical, in term of quantities instead of qualities
What are fixed stars?
Star beyond the planets that instead of having annual movement like the known planets, only circle the earth daily
When did Copernicus live?
Why were the concept of excentic and epicycle use?
planet distance from earth, speed, retrograde (movement opposite of normal one)
In a epicycle, what is the larger circle call?
The Deferent
From 1454-1504 lived an Italian astronomer who rejected the Ptolenaic system
Domenico Maria Novara
What is the Platomic Pythagoren thought?
thought the universe as basically mathematical, made up of a simple and harmonious system
After moving back to Poland as a preiest, Copernicus continue to work with the revolution of the earth, he publish this book in 1543 on the planetary system
" Six books Concerning the Revolutionof Heavenly Sphere" aka De revolutionibus
Dane Tycho Brache (1546-1601) rejected heliocentic system for what reason?
The earth is too heavy and contradict the bible, his explanation become that the planet revolve around the sun the sun revolve around the earth
After his death in 1601, Tycho turned his study to this man who worked with him at the Court of Emperor Rudolf II in Prague
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630)
With his passion for the sun, Kepler created this to explain the harmonious movement of the planet
3 laws of planetary motion
What is Kepler's 3 laws?
1: planet revolution around the sun is ellipses
2: radius vector draws from the sun to the planet describes equal areas in periods of time
3: the square of the periodic times of the planets are proportional to the cubes of their mean distance from the sun
In what year did Galileo introgated by the Holy Office for this advocacy of Copernicus's system
Who was the first to make an accuarte drawing of human embryo
Galen (c.129-c.200) focused on what mostly?
Finding the purpose of body part authority in the field of anatomy physiology and medicine
During the middle ages in Europe, what was the material use to make manuscript book?
Parchment or Vellum
During what century did paper making technique using linen rag and hemp spread from Arabs to Spain?
13-14th century
Why did the development of paper and printing press develope so slowly before the mid 15 century?
The rise in literacy throughout Europe during the Renaissance
Where did the technology of printing spread?
from Mainz to strasburg, up and down Rhine Valley, to Swiss city Basel and Antwerp, down to Basin to Italy Venice, where the development of modern type font, to paris Lyon in 1470, Spain in Scadinavia in 1500
What are the 6 effect of European Culture by the printing press?
1: some text effect on scholarship
2: effect for science development of idea
3: education, learn more with book, need no memorizing
4: Art spread greatly
5: National and stable/sharp language
6. Laws

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