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7th grade review 2


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Bill of rights
the fist ten amendments to the Constitution; it guarantees basic rights to U>S> citizens and limits the government\'s ability to reduce basic liberties such as freedom of speech, the press, and religion , and the rights of the accused.
Central government
also known as the federal government; it is located in Washington, D>C>
form of government that divides power between a central government and state governments
branch of government responsible for making laws.
three branches of government
legislative, executive,and judicial branches of the federal government.
Magna Carta (1215)
agreement signed by King John I guaranteeing certain rights to the people of England. Also known as the \"Great Charter,\" it became the foundation of hte Bill of Rights
Consent of the governed
philosophy calling for the direct election of governmental representatives by the people. Once elected these lawmakers would respond to the policies favored by those who elected them.
Delegated poweres
those powers listed in the constitution that are not specifically reserved for the federal government.
form of government characterized by free and open election of representatives who are responsive to the will of the people.
Democratic Party
one of the two major political parties in the United states today. Its symbol is the donkey.
republican party
one of the two major U.S. political parties. Foundedin1854, its first major political figure was Abraham Lincoln; its symbol ,the elephant
separation of powers
principle of government established by the Constitution dividing governmental powers among three branches of government ans assuring liberty through a system of checks and balances.
clause contained in Article VI of the Constitution; the clause declaring the Constitution as \"the supreme law of the land..\"
unwritten Constitution
policies and practices of government not specifically establish by the Constitution but based on custom. Examples included the establishment of the president\'s cabinet and the formation of political parties.
introduction to the Constitution stating he purposes of the document; begins with \"we the people, in order to form a more perfect union\"
Checks and balances
principle of government that separates federal powers among three branches and prevents a single branch from becoming too powerful.
English colonist sympathetic or loyal to the British during the Revolutionary War; also know as loyalist.
Articles of Confederation
the charter of the first national government of the United States. Its features included state governments that were more powerful than the central government and no elected president.
Bicameral legislature
a legislative body made up of two houses
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
legislation providing the the admission of the Northwest Territory to the Union and its administration; the Ordinance prohibited slavery in the newly admitted states and granted admission on an equal basis with the thirteen original states.
Shays\' rebellion (1786)
Armed rebellion in Massachusetts led by Daniel Shays to protest government auctions of farms for failure to pay to taxes.
due process of law
ideal that the government must follow procedures established by law and guaranteed by the Constitution.
Constitutional convention (1787)
meeting of delegates from the original thirteen states in Philadelphia for the purpose of revising the Article of Confederation. Instead, the delegates drafted the Constitution.
great compromise
agreement made at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 crating the two houses of congress; one house based on population and the other house based on equal representation.
Three-fifths compromise
clause contained in the Constitution counting every five slaves as the three people for purposes of calculating representation in Congress: reached at the Constitutional convention in Philadelphia in 1787.

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adam hayth