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POLS 207 Exam 2 Ch. 7


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Formal Powers
Gubernatorial authority established in state statutes or a state constitution; a governor's tenure potential, appointment, budget and veto powers, and party control
Informal Powers
a governor's strength stemming from personal attributes or unusual circumstances
Veto Power
rejection of proposed legislation by the chief executive (governor), usually subject to legislative override by a two-thirds vote of both houses
Line Item Veto
the power of a governor to reject certain portions of a legislative appropriations bill without killing the entire bill
"Pork" or "Turkeys"
pet projects in the budget that will benefit an individual legislator's district but not any others; often vetoed by a governor
in politics, a reference to the effect that a party's leaders may have on voting for that party's candidates for other offices
Candidate-Centered Election
refers to an election primarily focusing on the personal qualities of the candidates
Pocketbook Issues
Those affecting a voter's wallet; economic issues
Off-Year Elections
usually refers to an election not in the same years as a presidential election
Tenure Power
the length of time an elected official can serve in office
Executive Order
a directive issued by a chief executive to administrative agencies
Appointment Power
authority to choose officials to head agencies, sit on various boards and commission
Divided Government (Power Split)
a government in which one party controls the governor's office while another party controls one or both houses of the legislature
the power of legislatures to remove executive and judicial officers from office for good cause; generally the lower house must first vote for impeachment, then the upper house must hold a trial and vote for removal
Recall Process
initiated by a citizen petition, it allows a vote on whether to remove an elected official from office before his or her term is completed
Media Savvy
knowledge of how to use the press to get one's message across to the public
an auditor's duty, in involves making sure that expenditures and investment of state funds have been made in accordance with the law; done after expenditure is made
the state comptroller's duty; it involves making sure that a prospective departmental expenditure is in accordance with the law and does not exceed the appropriations made by the legislature before any expenditure is made by the treasurer

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