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chapter 9 hota


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166. Reaction to the formation of the Society of the Cincinnati:
Ridiculed by the people, ordinary people demanding higher respect.
167-168. What was accomplished as a result of emphasis on equality?
Social democracy, growth of trade organizations.
167. Why did the founding fathers not eliminate slavery?
The fight over slavery would have divided the nation, ruined the chances at unity.
167. Who formed the world’s first antislavery society?
167-168. Most important outcome of Revolution for white women:
idea of republican motherhood, (raising a family, educating the children), thought of as the nation’s moral conscience, educational opportunities for women increased.
170. Economic result for average Joe at the end of the war:
forced to manufacture own goods, no longer could trade with England (instead, unrestricted trade with foreign nations), but extravagance, overspeculation, and inflation = Debt, and worse off than before war.
171. What even ensured approval of the Articles of Confederation?
2nd Continental Congress
173. Major strengths of the Articles of Confederation:
each state had one vote = more freedom to the states.
174. Land Ordinance of 1784:
acreage of old northwest should be sold to pay off national debt, area should be surveyed. Each divided into 6 mile wide townships, each with 36 sections.
176. What provoked Shay’s Rebellion
Revolutionary war veterans losing land due to foreclosures, therefore demanded a cease to foreclosures and wanted the issuing of paper money.
177-178. Who is the “Father of the Constitution”?
James Madison.
177-178: What revolutionary leader was not at the Constitutional Convention
Thomas Jefferson (in Europe negotiating).
178-179. What were the motives of the delegates at the Convention in 1787?
To modify the articles of confederation.
180. What was the Great Compromise?
in two forms: Senate (equal representation for all states) and House of Representatives (representatives based on state population).
181. Three Fifths Compromise:
181. Three Fifths Compromise:
183. From the viewpoints of those who opposed the Constitution, what was the most troubling aspect?
Antifederalists) antidemocratic, lack of states rights, lack of freedoms of the individual (no bill of rights), the difficulty of creating a standing army.
188. What is the paradox of American History?
Whether or not the constitution was revolutionary or counterrevolutionary.

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