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General Psych Test 3


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decline that is reverse of infant/childhood development
oppositional defiant disorder
child must show strongly disobedient or hostile behavior toward authority for at least 6 months
pick's disease
genetic disorder that causes damage to nerve cells in frontal and temperal lobes
humanistic perspective
stress personal growth, change, freedom to choose
grasps objects placed in palm
contains morals, conscience within you
irrational fears of a particular stimuli or situation
cognitive restructuring
changing thinking process
redirect feelings to another target
bipolar disorder
at times, meets criteria for depression and other times has 3 of 7 symptoms
genital phase
focuses on mature relationships
yerkes dodson law
performance is best under a condition of moderate arousal
reaction formation
feeling turned into the opposite
systematic desensitization
create systematic hierarchy with least feared stimulus to most feared stimulus
involuntary responses in presence of stimuli
conversion disorder
manifesting components of physical ailment but they don't have all criteria of disorder and systems brought on solely by stress
guilty knowledge test
look at physiological reaction to crime scene details
secondary circular reaction
focused on external objects
facial expressions are universal
dissociative identity disorder
multiple personality disorder
baby automatically steps when held under arms
abnormal/impaired social interaction; communication deficits; restricted interests
morality of individual principles
judgements based on universal human rights
borderline personality disorder
manipulative, alternating between idealizing and devaluing in relationships
personality disorders
inflexible and enduring patterns of behavior which impair social behavior
don't have friends but want friends
obsessive compulsive personality disorder
preoccupied with details and organization
generalized anxiety disorder
continuous or uncontrollable anxiety
when baby is startled or playdropped, it puts out arms and then brings limbs to midline
drive reduction theory
the goal of our bodies is to reach a stage of homeostasis
thematic aperception test
present client with picture and they must tell story
entirely focused on themself
level of things for which you are unaware
form of projection in which the client projects childhood feelings on therapist
impaired intellect
difficulty understanding what is presented to you
what are you thinking about right now
sexual energy submerged
fixation of anal stage
messy or wasteful or tidy and perfectionistic
postconventional level
focuses on individual's decision
level of personality that contains drives, usually geared towards pleasure
baby directed speech
speak louder, in a higher and exaggerated pitch, slower and with less words
cognitive disorders
brain damage that occurs causing disruptions in thinking
meta analysis research
combines results of published studies into one conclusion
try to reverse mistake by doing something that indicates that you feel the opposite way
gratification of oral stage
focuses around mouth
redirect feelings in a socially productive way
invisible displacement
can logically infer unseen movement
dysthymic disorder
symptoms must last for at least 2 years
dissociative disorders
sudden loss of memory or change in identity
oedipus complex
young boys have a love desire for their mother
gratification of phallic stage
genital focus; aware of sexuality
vascular dementia
multi-infarct, strokes
false beliefs
major depression
symptons must last for 2 weeks and have 5 of 9 symptoms
dissociative amnesia
extreme memory loss caused by stress where a person is unable to remember aspects of their life because of the stress
does not enjoy close relationships
mediates between id and superego
conduct disorder
diagnosed in late childhood; aggressive behavior that causes harm to people or animals; nonaggresive behavior that will cause property damage
realizing how the client makes you feel and conveying it to them in helpful way
localized amnesia
forget for a period of time
dissociative fugue
inability to remember past; confusion about identity so they take on a new identity and move to a new place
rejection of what you are presented with
taking too many medications simultaneously
parkinson's disease
stooped posture, shuffling in walk, tremors, cells in basal ganglia die
sucks object when placed on lips
morality of democracy
reason can transcend the law
baby automatically holds its breath and makes swimming motion when placed under water
systemized amnesia
categories forgotten
rational emotive behavioral therapy
highly confrontational
electra complex
girls desire father and so learn to be feminine
criminal type behavior
depressive disorders
mood disorders in which the individual suffers intense sadness
fixation of oral stage
energy can get stuck at a certain stage
baby turns head and opens mouth when stroked on cheek
african preciosity
babies from some African tribes develop faster than American babies
impaired emotionality
shallow or disproportionate emotions
no treatment for
selective amnesia
can't remember all parts
preconventional level
focuses on punishment and rewards
flattened affect
mask like emotion
unintentionally forget something too painful to remember
highly dependent on others to make decisions for them
can be recovered from
gratification of anal stage
learns to control bowel movements
info that can be brought into conscious but not thinking about it right now
overjustification effect
we have a tendency to explain what we do by putting too much emphasis on extrinsic reasons and not enough on intrinsic reasons
impaired orientation
confused about who they are, where they are, or the year
completely present feared stimulus
perspective taking
realize that other people perceive things in different ways
exhibit decline in all areas of disruption
feeling an emotion with someone
sensory experience but no sensory stimulus
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
inattention and or hyperactivity
objective tests
client presented with straightforward stimulus
your personal feelings are projected on someone else
do a behavior because you enjoy it
misattributions of arousal
people make mistakes about what is causing them to feel the way they do
eat nonnutritive substances for at least a month
impaired judgement
inability to make a plan/decision or inability to understand a plan/decision made by another
conventional level
standards are set
come up with explanations to justify a situation while denying true feeling
projective tests
client presented with ambiguous stimuli and then asked to present own meaning on stimuli
panic disorder
intense psychological reaction in absence of an emergency
split from reality
polygraph test
based on fact that lying affects physiological arousal
generalized amnesia
fail to remember entire sections
primary circular reaction
action that's repeated because it produces interesting effect
uncomfortable when not center of attention
affective disorders
psychological disorders in which there is a primary disturbance in mood
tertiary circular reaction
baby does little experiments on objects
aids dementia
death of nerve cells in brain that results in difficulty with mental abilities
post traumatic stress disorder
anxiety following significant stress or trauma
huntington's disease
low levels of GABA particularly in Basal Ganglia; involuntary movement and mood swings
revert to immature behavior
obsessive compulsive disorder
obsessions or unwanted thoughts
motivated because of what you will get out of it
formal operations stage
scientific method and logic develops
object permanence
object exists even if can't see it
unconditional positive regard
loving the other person regardless of their behavior
paranoid personality disorder
suspicion without sufficient evidence that people are out to harm them

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