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Geo Intro

Terms

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Mercator
A Mercator chart represents the meridians and parallels of latitude as straight lines
map legend
lists and explains the symbols and colors used on a map
niche
the ecological "job and address" of a plant or animal in nature.
renewable resources
a resource that can be renewed, solar, wind
topography:
the surface features of a place or region. The topography of a region includes hills, valleys, streams, lakes, bridges, tunnels, and roads.
pesticides
any one of various substances used to kill harmful insects (insecticide), fungi (fungicide), vermin, or other living organisms that destroy or inhibit plant growth, carry disease, or are otherwise harmful.
cartography:
the making or study of maps or charts.
coniferous forests
forests of trees that bear cones.
Peterson
a type of map projection that depicts the continents' sizes more accurately than Mercator.
consumerism
concentration on producing and distributing goods for a market which must constantly be enlarged
tundra
a vast, level, treeless plain in the arctic regions. The ground beneath the surface of the tundras is frozen even in summeril
geography
the study of the earth's surface, climate, continents, countries, peoples, industries, and products.
meridians:
an imaginary circle passing through any place on the earth's surface and through the North and South poles.
scale
the mathematical relationship by which distances on a map reduce actual distances on earth.
latitude
distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees.
deciduous forests
forests of trees that shed leaves each year.
Human geography
concentrates on patterns of human activity and on their relationships with the environment.
grasslands
land with grass on it.
GIS
Geographic Information System
savannas
a region of grassland with scattered trees lying between the equatorial forest and the hot deserts in either hemisphere.
geographic grids
networks of imaginary lines that help us find and describe places on earth
GPS
Geographic Positioning System
biome
a natural community of plants and animals, its composition being largely controlled by climatic conditions.
compass:
an instrument for showing directions, consisting of a needle or compass card that points to the north magnetic pole, which is near the North Pole.
parallel
any of the imaginary circles around the earth parallel to the equator, marking degrees of latitude
contour map
a map showing heights at regular intervals above sea level by means of contour lines
projections
a number of mathematical methods that cartographers use to produce a flat map of the round earth
equator:
an imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole
organic production
grown or prepared with natural fertilizers or without the use of insecticides and other chemicals: organic food.
recycle
to put wastes, garbage, or the like, through a cycle of purification and conversion to useful products
Mollweide:
a type of homolographic map projection in which the surface of the earth is represented as an ellipse, with the equator and parallels of latitude as straight lines.
stewardship
to keep up or keep going, as an action or process.
tropical rain forests
a woodland of tall trees growing in a region of year-round warmth and abundant rainfall
deserts
a barren region with little or no rainfall, usually sandy and without trees..
longitude
distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured in degrees from a certain meridian (line from the North to the South Pole).
Physical geography
concerned with the locations of such earth features as land, water, and climate; their relationship to one another and to human activities; and the forces that create and change them
distortion
a distorting; twisting out of shape

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