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geography definitions

Terms

undefined, object
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GPS
Geographic Positioning System
niche
the ecological "job and address" of a plant or animal in nature
parallel
any of the imaginary circles around the earth parallel to the equator, marking degrees of latitude
consumerism
concentration on producing and distributing goods for a market which must constantly be enlarged
coniferous forests
forests of trees that bear cones
Human geography
concentrates on patterns of human activity and on their relationships with the environment
geography
the study of the earth's surface, climate, continents, countries, peoples, industries, and products
recycle
to put wastes, garbage, or the like, through a cycle of purification and conversion to useful products
renewable resources
a resource that can be renewed, solar, wind
deserts
a barren region with little or no rainfall, usually sandy and without trees
savannas
a region of grassland with scattered trees lying between the equatorial forest and the hot deserts in either hemisphere.
biome
a natural community of plants and animals, its composition being largely controlled by climatic conditions
organic production
any one of various substances used to kill harmful insects (insecticide), fungi (fungicide), vermin, or other living organisms that destroy or inhibit plant growth, carry disease, or are otherwise harmful.
tundra
a vast, level, treeless plain in the arctic regions. The ground beneath the surface of the tundras is frozen even in summeril
equator
an imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole
Mollweide
a type of homolographic map projection in which the surface of the earth is represented as an ellipse, with the equator and parallels of latitude as straight lines.
topography
the surface features of a place or region. The topography of a region includes hills, valleys, streams, lakes, bridges, tunnels, and roads.
longitude
distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured in degrees from a certain meridian (line from the North to the South Pole).
latitude
distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees
cartography
the making or study of maps or charts
contour map
a map showing heights at regular intervals above sea level by means of contour lines
Physical geography
concerned with the locations of such earth features as land, water, and climate; their relationship to one another and to human activities; and the forces that create and change them
distortion
a distorting; twisting out of shape
grasslands
land with grass on it
projections
a number of mathematical methods that cartographers use to produce a flat map of the round earth
meridians
an imaginary circle passing through any place on the earth's surface and through the North and South poles
compass
an instrument for showing directions, consisting of a needle or compass card that points to the north magnetic pole, which is near the North Pole
map legend
lists and explains the symbols and colors used on a map
deciduous forests
forests of trees that shed leaves each year
stewardship
stewardship
geographic grids
networks of imaginary lines that help us find and describe places on earth
Peterson
a type of map projection that depicts the continents' sizes more accurately than Mercator
Mercator
A Mercator chart represents the meridians and parallels of latitude as straight lines.
GIS
Geographic Information System
scale
the mathematical relationship by which distances on a map reduce actual distances on earth
tropical rain forests
a woodland of tall trees growing in a region of year-round warmth and abundant rainfall

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