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Cumulative Vocab Week 1

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
avocation
a hobby
improvise
to do without preparation
moratorium
suspension of activity; authorized delay
assimilate
to take in as one's own; to absorb; to adapt or adjust to the customs, etc. of a group
choleric
easily angered; bad-tempered
profound
very deep; penetrating beyond the superficial
craven
cowardly; contemptibly timid
banish
to drive away; to force to leave a place by official decree
atavistic
reverting to past traits, esp. to traits absent for a long time
impinge
to have an effect on something, esp. a negative one; to enroach
mercurial
easily changeable; erratic
gauge
an instrument for measuring or testing; to measure
maelstrom
a violently confused state; a very large whirlpool
cryptic
secretive or partially concealed; mysterious
culinary
relating to the kitchen or cookery
ubiquitous
present everywhere
recede
to go back; to withdraw
infinitesimal
exceedingly small; minute
acrimony
bitter, sharp hostility in speech or behavior
solicitous
showing anxious concern
ensue
to happen subsequently
venial
easily excused or forgiven
acumen
quickness and accuracy of judgment or insight
disarray
confusion, disorder
subtle
not immediately obvious; hard to understand
heyday
a time of success or popularity
placid
calm, undisturbed
dogmatic
arrogantly asserting unproved principles
sinecure
a paid position that requires little or no work
montage
a composite elements, esp. pictures, placed closely next to one another
phlegmatic
having a calm sluggish temperament; unemotional
amorphous
without definite shape; shapeless; unorganized
extract
to remove, esp. with effort
corollary
a natural consequence or effect; a deduction or an inference
affluence
wealth
edifice
a building; architectural monument
reprehensible
deserving to be severely criticized
interlocutor
someone who takes part in a conversation, especially formally
magnanimous
generous; noble in mind
commodious
spacious; roomy
disabuse
to free from error or falsehood
gauche
socially awkward
incoherent
not sticking together; not logically connected
claustrophobia
fear of confined spaces
burnish
to polish
sacrosanct
vary sacred, holy, or inviolable
scintillate
to give off sparks; to be animated or brilliant
redress
to set right ; to remedy
sanguine
optimistic, cheerful
adduce
to show as an example or means of proving something
engender
to beget; to cause; to promote
facade
outward appearance; the face of a building
doctrine
a set of principles (religious, political, etc.); a rule of law, esp. as established by precedent
self-abnegation
the putting aside of personal interest for the sake of others
uncanny
strangely unsettling, as if of supernatural origin
cordial
warm and friendly; hearty
germane
fitting and appropriate
arable
suitable for growing crops (of land)
palatable
pleasant or acceptable to the taste
abdicate
to willingly give up the position of king, queen, etc.; to choose not to fulfill a role or duty
innate
possessed at birth; inborn
deplete
to gradually use up (resources, strength, etc.)
rebuke
to criticize sharply
quixotic
foolishly idealistic; extravagantly chivalrous
prudent
marked by careful planning ; discreet
anachronism
something not belonging to a certain time period
rank
conspicuously offensive, esp. in smell or taste; complete
edible
able to be eaten
submissive
willing to obey without resistance; docile
improvident
not preparing for the future; incautious
excruciating
severely painful
irascible
easily angered; quick-tempered
astringent
severe; strong; harsh
egregious
outstanding for undesirable qualities; remarkably bad
emulate
to copy someone; to imitate
variegated
distinctly marked with different colors; diverse
lackadaisical
showing lack of interest or spirit
extol
to praise highly and lavishly
byproduct
a side-effect; something produced in the making of something else
hallmark
any mark or symbol of genuineness or high quality
electorate
the total group of qualified voters
blight
a plant disease; something that impairs growth, progress, or prosperity
linchpin
a central element that holds other parts together
impoverished
without money; deprived of natural resources
embed
to fix in a surrounding mass
vantage
a position that gives a wide view
renovate
to make new
transient
passing with time; remaining only briefly
rote
mechanical memorization, often without full understanding
extricate
to remove from an entanglement or difficulty
sequester
to move or set apart; to quarantine
explicate
to give a detailed, usu. learned explanation or analysis
burgeon
to sprout or grow rapidly
allegory
a literary work in which the characters represent abstract ideas; a symbolic representation
ascertain
to discover with certainty, as through examination
trivial
of little worth or importance
sycophant
one who seeks favor by flattering people of wealth or influence
putrid
in a foul state, as of decaying flesh; rotten
abduct
to take away, kidnap
vernacular
informal speech; native language
conducive
tending to bring about
effrontery
bold and insulting behavior
inextricable
incapable of being solved or untangled
liable
legally obligated; likely (w/ reference to an unfavorable outcome)
monolithic
massive, solid and uniform in appearance
blatant
offensively obvious; unpleasantly noisy
concur
to agree
dismay
to destroy courage or resolution; to cause to lose enthusiasm, to disillusion
evoke
to call forth or call to mind
volatile
tending to vary widely; unstable; quickly evaporating
exacerbate
to make more violent, bitter or severe
drastic
extreme; severe
opportunist
one who takes advantage of every opportunity, whether or not it is moral to do so
robust
strong and full of health
eschew
to avoid; to shun
cantankerous
bad-tempered; quarrelsome
fetid
having a bad odor
diffident
lacking self-confidence; timid; shy
repel
to drive or force back; to drive off
obtrude
to push forward; to impose (oneself or ideas) on others
contrite
feeling sorry for what one has done
engaging
attractive; charming
august
inspiring awe or admiration, esp. because of high rank or character
dispose
to give a tendency or inclination to
melancholy
sad, esp. a lingering or habitual state of mind
provenance
place or source of origin
camaraderie
loyalty; a warm, friendly feeling among members of a group
manifest
obvious; very clear; evident
jilt
to reject or cast off
purvey
to supply
definitive
complete
halcyon
calm; peaceful
indelible
incapable of being removed or erased
dire
warning of or having terrible consequences
congenial
suited to one's needs or nature; friendly; sympathetic
affable
friendly; easy to talk to
winsome
charming, esp. in a childlike or innocent way
desiccate
to dry completely
disseminate
to scatter widely; (of information) to make known
moribound
approaching death; nearly obsolete
cornucopia
an abundance
indefatigable
tireless, unceasing
itinerant
traveling from place to place, esp. for work
berate
to scold severely and at length
plethora
an excessive amount
ecstasy
state of overwhelming joy; rapture
catharsis
purging of the emotions
barrage
a heavy, prolonged attack
epitome
a representative example of a type
nurture
to nourish, educate, or encourage

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