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Geography intro

Terms

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pesticides
any one of various substances used to kill harmful insects (insecticide), fungi (fungicide), vermin, or other living organisms that destroy or inhibit plant growth, carry disease, or are otherwise harmful.
latitude
distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees
deserts
a barren region with little or no rainfall, usually sandy and without trees
savannas
a region of grassland with scattered trees lying between the equatorial forest and the hot deserts in either hemisphere.
stewardship
to keep up or keep going, as an action or process
map legend
lists and explains the symbols and colors used on a map
meridians
an imaginary circle passing through any place on the earth's surface and through the North and South poles
Peterson
a type of map projection that depicts the continents' sizes more accurately than Mercator
Mollweide
a type of homolographic map projection in which the surface of the earth is represented as an ellipse, with the equator and parallels of latitude as straight lines.
GIS
Geographic Information System
tundra
a vast, level, treeless plain in the arctic regions. The ground beneath the surface of the tundras is frozen even in summeril
projections
a number of mathematical methods that cartographers use to produce a flat map of the round earth
niche
the ecological "job and address" of a plant or animal in nature.
organic production
grown or prepared with natural fertilizers or without the use of insecticides and other chemicals: organic food
biome
a natural community of plants and animals, its composition being largely controlled by climatic conditions.
Human geography
concentrates on patterns of human activity and on their relationships with the environment.
tropical rain forests
a woodland of tall trees growing in a region of year-round warmth and abundant rainfall
contour map
a map showing heights at regular intervals above sea level by means of contour lines
mercator
A Mercator chart represents the meridians and parallels of latitude as straight lines.
consumerism
concentration on producing and distributing goods for a market which must constantly be enlarged
Physical geography
concerned with the locations of such earth features as land, water, and climate; their relationship to one another and to human activities; and the forces that create and change them
topography
the surface features of a place or region. The topography of a region includes hills, valleys, streams, lakes, bridges, tunnels, and roads.
geography
the study of the earth's surface, climate, continents, countries, peoples, industries, and products
GPS
Geographic Positioning System
deciduous forests
forests of trees that shed leaves each year.
renewable resources
a resource that can be renewed, solar, wind
equator
an imaginary circle around the middle of the earth, halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole
prime meridian
Russia's main independent TV station
parallel
any of the imaginary circles around the earth parallel to the equator, marking degrees of latitude
cartography
the making or study of maps or charts
compass
an instrument for showing directions, consisting of a needle or compass card that points to the north magnetic pole, which is near the North Pole
recycle
to put wastes, garbage, or the like, through a cycle of purification and conversion to useful products
longitude
distance east or west on the earth's surface, measured in degrees from a certain meridian (line from the North to the South Pole).
distortion
a distorting; twisting out of shape
grasslands
land with grass on it.
geographic grids
networks of imaginary lines that help us find and describe places on earth
scale
the mathematical relationship by which distances on a map reduce actual distances on earth

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