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Plant Phylogeny

Terms

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copy deck
alternation of generation
reproductive cycle between a diploid and a haploid
conifers
common gymnosperms, usually pine cones
bryophyte
non-vascular plant, commonly known as mosses
plantae
the plant kingdom
stomata
a pore found on the underside of a leaf, regulates gas circulation
stamen
the male organ of the flower
cuticle
the waxy layer on a leaf, used to keep moisture
pterophyte
vascular plant, reproduces in spores, commonly known as ferns
angiosperm
a flowering plant with protected seeds
fruit
filled with water and sugar, ripened ovary in a flower
ovum/ova
unfertilized egg of a plant [singular/plural]
pistil
the female organ of the flower
style
tube-like structure of pistil
gymnosperm
contains "naked seeds", found in cone-like structure
petals
highly modified leaves, varies in colors
pollen
coarse powder producing male gametes of seed plants
green algae
a multicellular aquatic plant
spores
units of asexual reproduction
gametophyte
structure/phase of life that produces gametes, dominant phase of mosses
stigma
pollen receptor, found at the top of the pistil
anther
top part of the stamen, contains pollen
ovary
bottom part of pistil, containing seeds
seed
the ripened ovule of a gymnosperm or angiosperm, found in fruits
co-evolution
mutual evolution between two species [i.e. bees and flowers]
vascular tissue
transports fluids throughout a plant
sepals
plant part that lies directly under the petals, top layer before bloom
filament
stem structure of the stamen
leaf
plant organ specialized in photosynthesis, collects energy from sun
sporophyte
structure/phase of life that produces spores, recessive phase of mosses

Deck Info

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