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2008 2nd Final

Terms

undefined, object
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catharsis
a cleansing or purging that releases emotions
conciliatory
wanting to make up, appease, make peace (+)
proliferate
to grow, spread, or increase rapidly
unwitting
not aware or knowing
didactic
instructive (especially excessively) (-)
trenchant
cutting; incisive; keen
expedient
convenience; means to an end
exacting
extremely demanding
inundate
to overwhelm or flood
ingenuous
naive and trusting; young; unsophisticated; candid
torpor
lethargy; inactivity; dullness (-)
canvass
to survey the public by asking questions
travesty
parody; imitation
forestall
to prevent by taking action in advance
plaintive
expressing deep sorrow
languish
to weaken through disuse (-)
rigorous
rigidly severe, exacting
apropos
appropriate or pertinent
obviate
to prevent the occurrence of
benediction
a blessing
engender
to cause; produce; give rise to
fulsome
offensive from excess of praise (-)
decimate
to kill or destroy a large part of
craven
cowardly
scrupulous
exact, careful, meticulous (+)
waif
homeless child
deciduous
tress that shed their leaves in the fall
arduous
hard, strenuous
countenance
consent to, give permission; facial expression
bastion
a fortified place, stronghold
unilateral
involving only one part or side
habituate
to become used to; to cause to become used to
virile
manly; possessing masculine strength (+)
fester
to rot; to be very infected
extrapolate
to estimate by extending known information
timorous
fearful; timid; demonstrating fear
antipathy
intense dislike
vindicate
to clear from blame or accusation (+)
pique
irritation; resentment
gesticulate
to make gestures or hand motions
constituency
the voters in a state or district
profuse
Large in quantity; abundant
provincial
pertaining to a province; limited in outlook; narrow; unsophisticated (-)
sacrosanct
most sacred; inviolable
hoodwink
to mislead by a trick, deceive
facet
one side of something many-sided
proprietary
characteristic of an owner of property; constituting property
enumerate
to list; mention one by one
concussion
an injury to your head; a brain bruise
patent
obvious; proof of invention
perfunctory
done routinely and with little care (-)
salacious
characterized by lust (-)
prattle
idle or foolish and irrelevant talk
supercilious
disdainfully arrogant; haughty (-)
adherent
supporter; follower
burlesque
a form of low comedy that mocks a broad topic
importune
to beg persistently and urgently (-)
obtrusive
sticking out
pollen
a powder made by a flower
embroil
To involve in a bad situation
abstinence
act of refraining from doing something
bon vivant
a person fond of good food and luxury
quell
suppress or crush completely
crass
without refinement, delicacy, or sensitivity
malapropism
funny misuse of a word
placebo
fake medicine
precept
a principle of action or conduct
ludicrous
ridiculous; silly; absurd
protagonist
main character
cardinal
of prime or special importance.
pernicious
extremely harmful (-)
enervated
lacking vigor or strength; weakened (-)
aversion
a feeling of intense dislike
exult
to rejoice, to celebrate
occult
mysterious, magical, supernatural
degenerate
to break down, to deteriorate (-)
appendage
something attached to a larger item; an arm, leg, tentacle, or tail
indigenous
native to a particular area
correlation
connection between facts or events
mire
swamp; muddy ground
cabal
a group of plotters (-)
commensurate
equal, proportional
servile
submissive; like a servant (-)
awry
away from the correct or expected course (-)
qualm
a feeling of doubt
tangential
barely relevant (-)
suffuse
spread through or over (like a color)
incumbent
the official who holds an office; obligatory and expected
precipitate
to cause to happen abruptly
eminent
well known for excellence; important; outstanding (+)
contrived
forced, artificial; not spontaneous or genuine (-)
acumen
keenness of judgment, mental sharpness
teem
to be full of something moving
salutary
promoting good health
sequester
to isolate from others
cogent
convincing; reasonable (+)
equitable
fair, just, right, reasonable, even-handed (+)
founder
to fail completely, sink (-)
iota
a very small part or quantity
indigent
very poor, impoverished (-)
taxidermy
stuffing and mounting dead animals
compunction
regret; remorse
amenity
an attractive, pleasant, or comfortable feature (+)
meander
to wander about, wind about.
stymie
to hinder, obstruct, or block (-)
preeminent
better than anyone else; outstanding; supreme (+)
delineate
to describe in vivid detail
imminent
about to happen; impending
obfuscate
to darken, make obscure, muddle (-)
perfidy
treachery; betrayal of a trust (-)
amoral
without moral standards or principles
curtail
to make shorter then was planned
celibacy
abstinence from sex
insidious
causing harm in a sneaky way (-)
invoke
evoke or call forth, with or as if by magic
putative
generally regarded as such; supposed
intersperse
to place here and there
homage
honor or respect shown publicly
complicit
being an accomplice in wrongful act (-)
opprobrium
a state of extreme disgrace
urbane
elegant, refined in manners; sophisticated (+)
serene
completely clear and calm
homily
a sermon on a moral or religious topic
concurrent
happening at the same time
upbraid
to scold harshly
incisive
having keen insight (+)
hypothetical
supposed, assumed for the purpose of argument
wrest
to take by pulling or violent force
staid
dull; sober; serious
evanescent
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing
ignominy
shame; disgrace (-)
dissolution
the breaking up or dissolving of something into parts
pedestrian
commonplace, trite, unremarkable (-); one who walks
reciprocate
To give and take mutually.
deficit
deficiency or lack of something
vilify
to make insulting remarks about; to slander (-)
inveterate
long established; deep-rooted; habitual (-)
prosaic
lacking wit or imagination (-)
acumen
cleverness and keen insight
deprecate
to express disapproval of
postulate
to hypothesize; propose
cache
a hiding place; something hidden or stored
foment
to stir up, arouse, incite
matriculate
to enroll in a college or university
nullify
make ineffective by counterbalancing the effect of
adroit
quick or skillful or adept in action or thought (+)
instigate
provoke or stir up (-)
maroon
to abandon completely; brownish purple
avuncular
like an uncle in kindness or indulgence (+)
kernel
a single grain; the most essential central part
mandate
an authoritative command
theology
religious study of religion
mendacious
lying, habitually dishonest (-)
collusion
secret agreement (-)
denizen
a person who inhabits a particular place
contingent
possible but not certain to occur
disparate
essentially different
subjugate
to bring under control, conquer, enslave
concise
saying much in few words (+)
alloy
a combination of two or more things, usually metals
render
to deliver, provide, represent
pivotal
vitally important, essential
waive
To relinquish a right or claim.
acerbic
harsh or bitter in tone or taste (-)
bristle
a stiff hair; to become tense with anger
lampoon
ridicule with satire
proscenium
the front of a stage
ineluctable
certain, inevitable
impervious
incapable of being penetrated or harmed
broach
to bring up for discussion, to begin to talk about
germane
relevant.
frenetic
frenzied, wildly active
oblivion
obscurity, forgetfulness (-)
dictum
an authoritative statement.
seclusion
isolation from others, solitude
cower
to crouch as in fear or shame
uniform
characterized by sameness
belittle
to criticize; to diminish
nominal
in name only; trivial
exigency
emergency, an urgent situation
litany
a repetitive prayer or lecture
impunity
exemption from punishment, harm, or loss
adulation
wild or excessive admiration or flattery (-)
pagan
one who worships many gods or no god
genteel
Refined, polite, well-bred, sophisticated (+)
peccadillo
a very minor or slight sin or offense
extort
to obtain by threat of violence
propriety
quality of being socially appropriate
hirsute
very hairy
impeccable
without fault or error (+)
assimilate
to take in, absorb
ignoble
dishonorable (-)
complement
to make complete or perfect (+)
bureaucracy
system of government administrators
suppress
prevent from being known; put an end to
surfeit
Excess; an excessive amount
incongruous
out of place; not in harmony or agreement (-)
neologism
a newly invented word or phrase
rampant
Growing or running without check or restraint.
racy
slightly sexual and rude
obtuse
blunt, stupid (-)
arbiter
someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue
muse
to think deeply on a subject; a poet or artist's inspiration
heathen
an uncivilized person (-)
tedium
boredom, monotony (-)
cerebral
brainy, intellectually refined
ultimatum
a final proposition or demand
expostulate
argue earnestly to dissuade, correct, or protest
enormity
extreme wickedness (-)
forthright
frank, direct, straightforward
ineffable
cannot be expressed in words
nepotism
favoritism to relatives (-)
petulant
easily irritated or annoyed (-)
judicious
showing good judgment (+)
raillery
good-humored teasing
demagogue
a leader who appeals to the emotions (-)
allusion
a direct or indirect reference
deduce
to conclude by reasoning
dilettante
an amateur or dabbler (-)
endemic
indigenous to a certain place, region, or group
complacent
self-satisfied; smug (-)
chortle
chuckle with delight
voluptuous
(of a woman's body) having pleasing curves
remission
temporary moderation of a disease
fungible
quantifiable and can be traded
abbot
leader of a monastery
viable
practical; workable; capable of sustaining life (+)
blight
a disease in plants, anything that injures or destroys (-)
transcend
to rise above; to surpass
efficacy
power to produce desired effect
sheer
very steep (cliff); absolute (feeling); semi-transparent (cloth)
behest
an authoritative command or request
innuendo
hint, insinuation
proselytize
to convert someone to a faith, belief, or cause
mediate
to help settle a conflict
veneer
a thin outer layer or surface appearance
crescendo
a gradual increase in volume or intensity
poetaster
An inferior poet. (-)
bromide
a trite or obvious remark
canon
a rule or body of rules especially religious ones
grandiloquent
speaking in a pompous manner (-)
vicissitude
change of fortune
brusque
rudely abrupt
cognitive
related to thinking
propensity
a natural inclination or tendency
elocution
the art of clear and expressive speaking
condone
to overlook, to permit to happen
boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
aspersion
a slanderous or derogatory remark (-)
irrevocable
final and irreversible
verge
edge or border
infatuation
extravagant and short-lived passion (-)
extraneous
not essential, superfluous (-)
fruition
state of fulfillment
refractory
resistant to authority or control (-)
predicament
difficult situation; tricky or dangerous situation; dilemma
butte
a flat-topped hill in a flat land
injunction
A court order preventing some activity
euphemism
a polite phrase to cover something unpleasant
felicity
happiness, appropriateness (+)
deleterious
harmful to body or mind (-)
bore
to drill a hole
rationale
an underlying reason or explanation
odious
repulsive; hateful
fatalism
belief that we have no control over destiny
congenital
present at birth but not necessarily hereditary
belabor
to explain or mention excessively (-)
tentative
uncertain: hesitant
capacious
large in capacity
dross
worthless material that should be removed
empathy
sharing of feelings
shrewd
clever; astute (+)
altercation
an angry argument
consign
to give over to the care of another
profligate
recklessly wasteful (-)
vehement
forcefully expressing emotion
decapitate
to cut the head off
recalcitrant
stubbornly resistant to authority (-)
trauma
Severe injury or shock
homogeneous
composed of same or similar parts
subversive
intended to undermine or overthrow
profess
to claim, often insincerely
nuance
something subtle; a fine shade of meaning
digress
to stray from the main subject
venerate
to honor, to revere
proponent
an advocate; a supporter of a position
resolute
firmly determined
augment
to increase; make bigger
eclectic
made up of a variety of sources or styles
chagrin
embarrassment
sentient
aware, conscious
caricature
an exaggerated and simplified picture or description
anecdote
short account of an event
unctuous
oily, bland; insincerely suave (-)
paranormal
not in accordance with scientific laws
extol
to praise, to glorify
indolent
lazy (-)
contumely
a humiliating insult
quizzical
puzzled, questioning
bilious
ill-tempered; very unpleasant
spawn
to lay eggs; to engender or create; to give birth to; to produce
confluence
a flowing together
archetype
an original pattern or example
decadent
self-indulgent, corrupt (-)
duress
compulsion by threat or force
despondent
depressed; gloomy (-)
crestfallen
dispirited and depressed; dejected
confiscate
to seize by authority
forswear
to renounce, disallow, repudiate
cursory
hasty and without attention to detail
disparage
to criticize; belittle
bane
a cause of harm, ruin or trouble (-)
insuperable
unconquerable, invincible, invulnerable
pathology
study of suffering or disease
incensed
irate; enraged; furious
convivial
fond of partying, festive (+)
egregious
conspicuously bad or offensive (-)
inimical
hostile; threatening (-)
nefarious
evil; wicked; sinful (-)
sophomoric
juvenile; funny but immature (-)
vitiate
to pervert, debase, corrupt, or make ineffective (-)
burgeon
grow and flourish
dissipate
to squander; waste foolishly; scatter (-)
brandish
to wave or shake in a threatening manner
finesse
delicate skill
dolt
stupid person
prevail
to triumph; to overcome rivals (+)
emulate
to imitate something admired
surreptitious
secret, stealthy
attrition
gradual wearing away and weakening
inert
lifeless, unable to move or act
fuel
to stimulate, encourage, or boost
epoch
a unit of geological time
insurrection
rebellion; uprising
complexion
texture and color of the skin of the face
privation
a state of extreme poverty
compendium
brief yet comprehensive summary
integral
essential
quixotic
idealistic but impractical
anathema
something hated; curse (-)
ascendancy
supremacy; dominance
insipid
lacking in flavor or interest; dull (-)
regimen
a systematic plan or schedule
temerity
reckless boldness (-)
husbandry
prudent management of
dissent
the act of protesting
transient
temporary, fleeting
coalesce
to blend or fuse together
stint
a period of time devoted to a job or some task
intransigent
inflexible, refuse to compromise (-)
bracing
Giving energy to; refreshing
capricious
impulsive and unpredictable (-)
ingratiate
make an effort to become popular with others
apotheosis
elevation to divine status; a perfect example (+)
definitive
conclusive, providing the final word
indelible
cannot be removed, washed away, or erased
sedition
incitement of rebellion against the government (-)
precocious
talented beyond one's age
recrimination
mutual accusations
rhapsodize
to speak or write with excessive enthusiasm
reprisal
retaliation
aphorism
a saying or maxim
amphibious
operating or living on land and in water
novel
strikingly new or unusual (+)
appellation
name or title
pontificate
to speak pompously
avow
to declare boldly, to admit
auspicious
favorable, promising (+)
demographics
the characteristics of a population group
gratuity
a small payment made in gratitude; a tip
castigate
to criticize, inflict punishment
patrician
noble and aristocratic
audacity
insolence; rude boldness (-)
fiasco
total failure
fatuous
complacently or inanely foolish (-)
temperate
not extreme (weather or behavior)
auspices
protection, support, or guidance
precarious
fraught with danger
anomaly
something that does not fit in a pattern
poignant
profoundly moving; touching
depravity
wickedness, extreme corruption (-)
paucity
scarcity; dearth (-)
platitude
a trite or obvious remark or adage (-)
austere
forbiddingly stern; severely simple
assuage
to provide physical relief, as from pain
farcical
absurd; ridiculous (-)
tenuous
unsubstantial, flimsy, weak (-)
irascible
irritable, easily angered (-)
latent
potential but undeveloped
recant
to withdraw a statement or belief
surrogate
someone who takes the place of another person
byzantine
highly complex or intricate
destitute
extremely poor (-)
scrupulous
exact, careful; principled (+)
facetious
playfully humorous
impresario
entertainment producer or manager
deity
a god or goddess; a divine being
delude
to fool, deceive; to mislead utterly (-)
tipsy
slightly drunk
sardonic
disdainful, sarcastic, cynical
coup
a brilliant and notable success (+)
gregarious
sociable
desiccate
to dry up, dehydrate
cursory
hasty and without attention to detail
largess
generous giving, often accompanied by condescension
epitome
perfect example or embodiment
chivalrous
courteous towards women; gentlemanly (+)
sublime
lofty, noble (+)
blandishment
flattery, enticement
avarice
greed for wealth, excessive love of riches (-)
caucus
a private political meeting
repercussion
an indirect effect or consequence
tantamount
equivalent
rancor
bitter resentment
contrite
sincerely sorry
ambivalent
simultaneously having opposing feelings
immutable
unchangeable
decorous
proper; in good taste
secede
withdraw from an organization or communion
sordid
morally degraded (-)
proletariat
workers or working class people
astringent
harsh; pungent; caustic (-)
admonish
warn and scold strongly
paranoia
a mental illness of unreasonable anxiety
minuscule
very small

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