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World History II Chapter 5



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Protestant Reformation
name given to the religious reform movement that divided the western Church into Cathoic and Protestant groups
Edict of Worms
made Martin Luther an outlaw within the empire; his books were to be burned, etc.; turned turned his relligious movement into a revolution
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, engineer, and scientist; "Last Supper"
a soldier who sells his services to the highest bidder
the state of being saved through faith alone or through faith and good works
father of the Italian Renaissance humanism
English author who wrote the "Canterbury Tales" - story of 29 pilgrims traveling to the tomb of St. Thomas a Becket; helped make English vernacular literature popular
a painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water-based paints
Desiderius Erasmus
best known of all Christian humanists; "the philosophy of Christ"; "The Praise of Folly"
Florence; wealthy family who controlled the government from behind the scenes
Ninety-five Theses
an attack on abuses in the sale of indulgences; gave rise to separate religious reform movements and to the breakdown of religious unity in Europe
Italian author; "Divine Comedy" - story of a soul's journey to salvation; helped make Italian vernacular literature popular
a release from all or part of punishment for sin by the Catholic Church, reducing time in purgatory after death
Johannes Gutenberg
developed the printing press; Gutenberg Bible - the first European book produced from movable type
Jan van Eyck
Flemish painter - first to use oil paint - enabled more colors to be used
Christian humanism
a movement that developed in Northern Europe during the Renaissance combining classical learning (humanism) with the goal of reforming the Catholic Church
declare invalid
urban society
a system in which cities are the center of political, economic and social life
rebirth; a rebirth of the ancient Greek and ROman worlds from 1350-1550; began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe
painter, sculptor, and architect; painiting on the ceiling of the SIstine Chapel in Rome
Francesco Sforza
last Visconti ruler of Milan; conquered the city; leader of a band of mercenaries
intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of the humanities which included grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy and history
the belief that God has determined in advance who will be saved(the elect) and who will be damned(the reprobate)
Albrecht Durer
German painter- learned from the Italians; perspective
a gift of money or property paid at the time of marriage
Niccolo Machiavelli
Italian author and statesman who wrote "The Prince" - concerns how to acquire, and keep, political power
Martin Luther
German leader of the Protestant Reformation; wrote 95 Theses in Wittenberg

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