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Nobel Laureates sem. 1 vocab

Terms

undefined, object
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dervish
n. member of a Muslim ascetic religious group
voluble
adj. talkative; characterized by a great flow of words
inimical
adj. hostile, unfriendly
emanate
v. to come from, to issue as from a source
doggerel
adj. rude; crude; poor
ardent
adj. passionate, zealous
balustrade
n. railing
resolve
n. firm determination
amanuensis
n. secretary
banal
adj. devoid of freshness or originality; hackneyed; trite
anachronistic
adj. out of place in chronology or historical context (n: anachronism)
ambivalence
n. simultaneous conflicting feelings
valise
n. a piece of hand luggage
reprise
v. to repeat a performance, a repitition
chide
v. to reprove or scold mildly
assailant
n. attacker
prodigious
adj. wonderful, amazing; enormous, huge
ablution
n. a washing of the body (sometimes: religious ceremony)
cower
v. to crouch, as in fear or shame.
panoptic
adj. including everything visible in one view
elude
v. to avoid or escape from (to escape from mental grasp)
providential
adj. of, pertaining to, or resulting from divine providence. Opportune, fortunate, or lucky
morass
n. bog, marsh; difficult or troublesome situation
insipidity
n. dullness
rejoinder
n. an answer, comeback
poseur
n. one who assumes attitudes or manners mainly for effect
abyss
n. bottomless pit; anything too deep for measurement
coup
n. a sudden successful action (military
allude
v. to refer to indirectly
precarious
adj. risky, uncertain
erudition
n. knowledge acquired by study, research, etc.; learning; scholarship
engender
v. to cause or produce
detritus
n. the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up; loose material
disparate
adj. unequal; distinctly different
exegesis
n. critical explanation or interpretation of a text or portion of a text, esp. of the Bible
succumb
v. to yield or give in to
augury
n. the art or practice of an augur; divination
stalwart
adj./n. strong, sturdy, a resolute person
tantamount
adj. equivalent, as in value, force, effect, or signification
imbue
v. to pervade or permeate
entreaty
n. an earnest request; prayer
vituperative
adj. abusive (as in speech or writing)
innuendo
n. hint or sly remark (usually bad)
palaver
n. idle talk
enervating
adj. exhausted, devitalizing, depriving of strength
spate
n. an unusually large flow (as of words)
montage
n. a combination or juxtaposition of many things
avert
v. to turn away;to ward off; to prevent
extricate
v. to set free from
implore
v. to ask earnestly, to beg
tumult
n. noisy commotion; confusion; disturbance
pertinacious
adj. holding firmly to a purpose or belief; hard to get rid of
threadbare
adj. worn, shabby
valor
n. courage, bravery
blithe
adj. joyous, merry, or gay in disposition; glad; cheerful; without thought or regard; carefree; heedless
balk
v. to stop or refuse to act; to hesitate
adamant
adj. stubborn, insistent on
self-abasing
adj. humble, critical of self
solicitude
n. attentive care and protectiveness
languid
adj.listless, indifferent, weak, without vitality (n: languor)
frisson
n. a shudder; moment of intense excitement
bohemian
adj./n. living unconventionally, often with a free expression of the arts
reverie
n. daydream
denigrate
v. to battle or defame
implacable
adj. not to be appeased, mollified, or pacified; inexorable
retinue
n. a group of people attending to an important person
heinous
adj. outrageously evil
impervious
adj. not affected by; incapable of being penetrated
galvanize
v. to rouse or stir
contortion
n. a twisting out of shape
truculent
adj. eager to fight or disagree
factotum
n. a handyman
indolent
adj. lazy (n: indolence)
emendation
n. a correction or change, as of a text
sartorial
adj. related to men's clothing
cede
v. to surrender
discomfiting
adj. uneasy, perplexing; disconcerting
piety
n. devotion to religious/family duty
decrepitude
n. decrepit condition; dilapidated state; feebleness, esp. from old age
impute
v. to credit a person or cause
duplicitous
adj. behaving in a cunning or deceptive manner
didactic
adj. intending to teach or instruct
specious
adj. object-seemingly good without being so
solace
n. comfort, consolation
platitude
n. commonplace or trite remark
sangfroid
n. cool self-possession or composure
guileless
adj. innocent & straightforward; to lack cunning
antipodes
n. any two places directly each other on the earth
shard
n. broken piece (especially pottery)
reprobate
n. an unprincipled person (can be adj.)

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