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Common Health Occupations


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If you state that a pulse is irregular, what are you describing about the pulse?
. If you state that a respiration is deep or shallow, what are you describing about respiration?
Which measurement of blood pressure indicates the pressure in the arteries when the heart is contracting?
If you are a lifeguard at a pool and rescue a victim from the bottom of the pool, what would you check first?
What is the term for the soft tip at the end of the sternum?
xiphoid process
In CPR, how deep should compressions be on an adult's chest?
1 1/2 to 2 inches
What is the ratio of compressions to breaths in one-rescuer CPR?
15 to 2
How should you care for a victim of heat stroke?
immediate cooling
What is the term for a major epileptic seizure?
grand mal
What is the type of wound in which the skin is scraped?
What is the type of wound in which the skin edges are jagged, irregular or there is blunt tearing or breaking of the soft tissues?
What is the type of wound in which the skin is pierced by an object?
What is the type of wound that results when tissue is forcibly separated or torn from the victim's body?
When you are applying a gauze bandage, what is the first thing you do?
anchor it
You find an unconscious man in a car that is burning. He is not breathing. His leg is broken. What do you do first?
move him to a safe location
You have examined an accident victim carefully. The victim is breathing. What is the next thing you should check for?
In the ABC's of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, what does the "A" mean?
What is the name of the artery that you use to check the pulse in adult CPR?
What is the phone number that is frequently used to provide a community-wide, coordinated means of responding to an accident or sudden illness?
What is the standard position for giving care for shock?
supine with feet elevated
How long do you wash a chemical burn of the skin?
at least 5 minutes (five may be written out)
In what position should you place an unconscious victim to keep fluids from blocking the airway?
What direction do you push on a victim's chest for CPR?
straight down
What is the most common obstruction in the airway of an unconscious adult?
What is the rate of chest compressions for a baby?
at least 100 per minute
What is the ratio of compressions to breaths in both babies and children?
5 to 1
What is the most effective measure to use to stop severe bleeding?
direct pressure
What type of wound causes the greatest threat of tetanus?
What first aid measure should you use with clothing that is sticking to a deep heat burn?
leave it alone
After you give two full, slow breaths, how often do you give breaths to an adult in rescue breathing?
once every five seconds
In CPR, how long do you check the victim's pulse before deciding to give chest compressions?
5 to 10 seconds
What procedure do you perform for a conscious adult victim who has a blocked airway?
abdominal thrusts
In what position should the head be so that the tongue is less likely to block the airway in an unconscious person?
tilted back
After giving 2 slow and gentle breaths to a baby who is not breathing, how often do you give breaths?
every 3 seconds
What first aid measure do you perform if you think a victim has a broken neck or back?
keep the victim from moving or do not move
What three factors determine the severity of a burn?
depth, size, location
What is a displacement of a bone end from a joint?
What is the type of shock resulting from an allergic reaction to injections, insect stings or inhalation?
What usually happens to the pupils of a shock victim?
they dilate
What type of fracture is not a complete break?
What is the average normal oral temperature measurement in Centigrade?
37 degrees
What do you call the difference between the apical and radial pulse measured at the same time.
pulse deficit
What method of taking temperature provides the most accurate measurement of body temperature?
What pulse site is the diaphragm of the stethoscope placed over when measuring the blood pressure?
What is the correct term for measuring the pulse rate by listening to the heart with a stethoscope?
apical or apical pulse
What is the correct term for a pulse rate over 100 beats per minute in an adult?
What is the correct term for a pulse rate below 60 beats per minute in an adult?
What is the name of the pulse site at the top of the foot arch?
dorsalis pedis
How long should the clinical thermometer be kept in place to record an axillary temperature?
10 minutes
If you state a pulse is weak or strong, what are you describing about pulse?
What is the name of the pulse site at the inner aspect of the upper thigh
What is the average respiratory rate for an adult?
14-20 per minute
What is the medical name for the instrument used to measure blood pressure?
On the gauge of a mercury manometer, each long line represents what measurement?
10 mm Hg
A systolic blood pressure reading over 150 mm Hg is considered high. What is the medical term for high blood pressure?
What is the term for lack or absence of breathing?
What is the term for rapid respirations?
How long should you count a pulse that is irregular?
1 minute
You need to measure a patient's temperature; however, he has just finished smoking a cigarette. What should you do?
wait 15 minutes before taking his temperature
Where do you insert a tympanic thermometer to measure body temperature?
the ear
You have measured a patient's temperature rectally to be 99.6 degrees. How should you record this temperature in the medical record?
99.6 R
Your patient becomes dizzy when he stands up suddenly from the supine position. This dizziness is most likely caused by what?
orthostatic hypotension

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