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AP history


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The Killing Winter
400 of 500 people died in Jamestown, Governor De la Warr took over afterwards
English Civil War
1650's, Oliver Cromwell took over- puritan dictator
The First "Powhatan War"
1622- 400 (1/3) people in Jamestown killed by Indians, began after Pocahantas died
1519-22- circumnavigated the world, named the Pacific
Sir Edmund Andros
royal governor of the Dominion of England, sent from England to America to govern
Dominion of Englad
1686- formed by James I because Navigaton laws were being ignored & he didn't like their religion, included Mass., Rhode Island, Conn., New Hamp. (later NY & NJ), charters taken away and governed by the king; dissolves when William & Mary take the throne in 1688
William Penn
Quaker, inherited a lot of money + the king was in debt to his family so he gave Penn land in America in 1681
The First Families
tidewater aristocracy, got good land along tidewater, small amount of powerful people
John Rolfe
introduced tobacco to new world
Bacon's Rebellion
led by Nathaniel Bacon; Bacon asked Gov. Berkely for permission to fight Indians and Berkely said yes, then changed it to no. 1675- Bacon takes over Jamestown, Berkely fleed, demonstrated conflicts within the colonies
Johnathan Edwards
preacher during the Great Awakening, changed the was religion was viewed= said people can be saved without an establish church, "sinners in the hands of an angry God"
mapmaker, named the new world after Vespuci
plantation aristocracy, back country, many slaves, indentured servants, least religious, main church was Anglican
Sir Frances Drake
pirate who worked for Queen Elizabeth
financed by Lord Baltimore to be a catholic colony, proprietary, both catholics and protestants came, succesful
George Whitefield
English preacher who went to America, very popular during the Great Awakening
Mayflower Compact
agreement to abide by the government that would be put in place when the Puritans reached America
Thomas Hooker
1st governor of Connecticut, wrote the "Fundamental Orders"
1513- discovered the Pacific
The Great Puritan Migration
began in 1628, because Charles I treats them badly
place within a settlement where church and government meetings were held
Problems in Jamestown
corruption within colony, weather, disease, malnutrition, Indians
House of Burgesses
1618- Jamestown instruced to form a government, based of Enlish government, representative, bicameral, limited
Enumerated Goods
goods that were allowed to be exported had to stop in England for a tax before continuing on
New England
In 1700- most religious, small farms, small towns
Treaty of Tordesillas
1494- between Spain and Portugal, Portugal got eastern new world and Spain got western new world
Governor Stone's War
1655- small war between protestants and catholics in Maryland colony, protestants took over (banned catholicism for a while)
John Smith
"no work, no food", improved relations with Indians
Mystic Massacre
1637- mass murder of Indians (about 200) by Mass. militia in the town of Mystic
The Great Awakening
1730-1740: explosive outburst of religious nature in the colonies, possibly because of Johnathan Edwards
De Soto
discovered Mississippi, conquistador
Sir Humphrey Gilbert
1583- tried to set up the first English colony, boat sunk, he drowned
Back Country People
owned little land, no slaces, lived farther away from the coast
Praying Towns
1640- settlers tried to convert Indians to christianity by focing them to stay in certain areas under armed supervision- didn't work
North Carolina
1712 "Drifters" (or riff-raff), from Charleston and and VA asked for their own charter, recognized as seperate in 1724
King Phillip
leader of the Wampanoags- also called Matacoan (his real name) or Metacon (by the english)
James Oglethorpe
philanthrapist, humanitarian, didn't agree with debters prison, proposed debters be sent to New World to create a buffer betwen Spain (Florida) and the Carolinas
conquistador, 1533- conquered Incans, started trend of shipping gold and silver
Middle Colonies
In 1700- "breadbasket", seaports, most religious tolerance
New York
settled 1624- originally Dutch colony "New Amsterdam", led by Peter Stuyvesant; 1664- Duke of York ordered to take it over, no force was used, name changed to New York
settled in 1733 by James Oglethorpe; last of the 13 colonies & last southern colony, at first no slavery but when Oglethorpe left for a while it started
Spanish "conqerors" explorers (Cortez, Pizzaro, De Soto, Coronado)
King Phillip's War
1675- Wampanoags waged war on Mass., 52 of 90 towns attaked, 600 english killed, 1000 Indians killed, last native american resistance in New England (afterwards, Indians went to Ohio Valley or became unskilled laborers on docks like Boston)
Rhode Island
founded by Roger Williams, recognized in 1647, many "dissenters" came, looked down on by other colonies
The Results of the Great Awakening
religion grew and split into the "new lights" and the "old lights"
Stono Rebellion
1733- a group of armed slaves tried to cross Stono River into Georgia and runaway, Buford, SC; not succesful
The Half-Way Convenant
1662- said that only one parent of a puritan child had to be a saint for the child to be baptized, showed decline of church in Mass. and increase in merchant class
How Plymouth was started
1612- Puritans move to Holland to escape religious persecution, their children started adopting Dutch culture (dutchification), 1620- but charter from VA comp. of Plymouth, sail to America
Old Lights
the establised churches from before the Great Awakening
a individual who publicly promised spirituality, needed to be a saint to be a full member of the church; until the Half-Way Covenant, both parents had to be saints for the child to be baptized
Brown U
founded by Bapists
founded in 1637 to train preachers, John Harvard- first headmaster, first university in America
Old Deluder Act
1647- forced towns to hire teacher when population reached 50 and to build a schoolhouse at 100, both had to be paid for by community; introduced idea of public education
the way England made sure that their colonies were benefiting them: trade had to be done in British ships, Enumerated goods, Price supports, Banned manufacturing of certain goods (like clothing)
Black Legend
inhumane treatment of Natives by the Europeans
Wall Street
built while NY was still New Amsterdam, proposed by Peter Stuyvesant, became a major area for railroad companies later, today a major buisiness place
Massachusetts Bay
settled in 1630, never a survival threat
VA Company of London goes bankrupt
1624- bankrupt, James I takes over and makes Jamestown a "royal colony", allows it to survive
The Carolinas
1670- Charleston Colony- settled for financial reasons by the 8 Lord Proprietors, lots of slave labor, great city of colonial america
Roger Williams
very puritan, 1631- went to Mass., didn't like church-state connection, established church, thought only true believer should be in the church
Sir Walter Raleigh
1584- financed (didn't go) a colonization attempt, colony named "Roanoke" set up near Chesapeake Bay, settled in 1586, in 1590, everyone dissapeared- nicknamed "The Lost Colony", "CROATOAN" the only clue
Fort Nassau
settled in 1610, first dutch settlement, whose leader was Peter Minuit
Act of Religious Tolerance
1649- passed because 2/3 of Maryland was protestant, said a person could be any religion they wanted as long as the religion acknowledged the trinity
conquistador, 1513- conquered Aztecs and their leader, Montezuma
1492- sailed to America, set up colonies "Hispanolia"
The Fundamental Orders
laws Connecticut was run by, established Purtitan church, very strict, allowed no other religions, sumptuory laws (laws which try to control people's behavior)
New Lights
said all you needed was to be saved, Presbyterians, Methodists, Baptists, much more democratic, represented the "democratization of religion"
Columbian Exchange
caused by trade between Europe and new world, diffusion of clutures, men began to marry natives (Mestizo children)
settled for religious reasons, financed by William Penn, the first settlement was Philadelphia, breadbasket of the colonies
people from Mass. Bay drift west in the 1630's to the Connecticut River, were Puritan-non-seperatists; 1639- had 2 colonies: Hartford & New Haven; 1647- got charter
New England Confederation
1643- meeting to discuss problems within the colonies, between Plymouth, Mass. Bay, Hartford, and New Haven
De Gamo
sailed to Asia and back
The Restoration
Cromwell died in 1658, catholics restored in Maryland in 1660
Amarigo Vespuci
1507- said new world was a new continent, not Asia
James I promoted 2 joint-stock companies to colonize
VA Company of London (got southern america, set up Jamestown near Chesapeake Bay), VA Company of Plymouth (got northern america, went bankrupt after 1st year)
Marco Polo
interested Europe in Asia
1488- reached Cape of Good Hope
John Winthrop
first leader of Mass. Bay, "city upon a hill"= goal, introduced Puritan Work Ethic
gold mine in the Incan empire
discovered Grand Canyon
King U/ Columbia U
founded by Anglacins
the way the Puritan church was set up- each church independent, democratic, mandatory by law, tithing required, no opposing churches within the society
Goods introduced to Europe by diffusion of cultures
corn, potatoes, tobacco
Price Supports
Britain paid colonists extra to produce certain goods that were in short supply in England
Princeton University
founded by Presbyterians

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