This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

chap 12, 23, and reproductive

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
balneology
another name for bath
avascular, diffusion
the epidermis is relatively ________, therefore all oxygen and nutrients must reach the epidermal cells by ______ of tissue fluids from underlying dermis
dietary sources or vitamins
how does the body obtain vitamins
*****
these questions are a
malignant melanoma
most malignant and lethal skin cancer. this is a group of melanocytes that has muated to cancer. 5% of all skin cancers. begins as a raised dark lesion with irregular borders and appears uneven in color. typicall occurs in light skinned people who are exposed to uv radiation! melanoma is more likely to metastisize than any other form of cancer and kill whithin months of diagnosis.
1.2/1.1 mg
what is the DRI for vitamin b1 (men/women)
collagen
____ offers support to the nerves, blood vessels, hair follicles, and glands.
inhale
in a sauna, humidity ranges from 6% to 20 %, the air may be easier to _____ but can also be drying and irritating to the skin and mucous membranes
topically
what means on the surface
scabies
a highly contagious infection caused by parasitic mites that crawl under the skin that causes itching at night. XXXXX
5/5 mg
what is the DRI for pantothenic acid (men/women)
homeostasis
sudden deep tissue vasodilation responds to restore _______
cobalmin
another name for vit b12
everyday
how often should you wear sunblock
flushes out debris and brings in oxygen
the alternation of cold application ( vasoconstriction and vasodilation) causes what to happen in the body
hydrotherapy
the internal and external therapeutic use of water and complimentary agents
micronutrient
are needed in smaller quantities
dermis
what are these contained in -> adipose tissue, blood vessels, and nerve endings (meissner and pacihian corpuscles)
folate or folic acid
another name for vit b9
eucalyptus
causes a stimulating effect and increases respiratory drainage
impetigo
an inflammatory skin infection caused by staph or strep bacteria. characterized by raised, fluid filled sores that itch or burn. most common in childern occurs around the mouth, nose, and hands. highly contagious and can be spread by hand contact, handling contaminated objects such as linens, doorknobs and toothbrushes and of course massage. XXXXXX
organic
vitamins are a group of _________ compounds necessary for the human body to function
initial cold and prolonged heat
what application increases heart rate
numbness
you must remove the cold application immediately after _______ to prevent tissue damage
reflexology
foot baths are often used before
stretch marks
also called striae. result from extreme stretching of the skin from pregnancy, body building, sudden weight gain or severe swelling. not ci. no deep pressure
thermometer
how do you know about temperature and comfort
moles
are collections of melanocytes often referred to as a birth mark. some can be cancerous.
arthritic joints, sprains, strains, and bursitis
paraffin is indicated for what types of conditions
dietary reference intakes
DRI
initial cold
what application makes you want to go urinate
basalt
what type of stones are used in a hot stone treatment
1.3/1/1 mg
what is the DRI for riboflavin (men/women)
fat
which vitamin can reach toxic levels
rust-colored water
filled with iron oxide used for its restorative effects
vitamin k (phylloquinone)
function: required for the blood to clot. also helps with bone formation
convection
2/4 ( heat moves into the body... ) sauna, stram bath
paraffin
dipped baths using a heated waxy mixture
21-27 days
the entire life cycle of a cell lasts
125-134 degrees
how hot is a pariffin unit kept
130-145
how hot is the water for a hot stone treatment
decoction
tea made from boiling parts of the plant ( bark and root)
pores
____ are openings that allow passage for hair and specialized glands
thermometer
how do you get an accurate reading of the water temp
premature aging
good nutrition, pleanty of fluids, and daily skincare. (sunblock!!! :)
posterior aspect
where is the dermis the thickest
asymmetry
A ( abcdef method of mole assesment)
superficial fascia or hypodermis
what is another name for the subcutaneous layer
surface, starved
because the epidermal cells multiply continuously, the new cells push the old cells towards the ______ and as they move further away from their source of nutrition, they become ______ and eventually die
friction
what is the best massage stroke for a person with dry skin
vitamin e (tocopherol)
function: an antioxidant that is necessary for the proper function of the reproductive, nervous, and muscular systems. also plays a role in immune function, dna repair, and other metabolic processes
vichy shower
a water shower spraying from multiple overhead mounted shower heads
athletes foot, herpes simplex, impetigo, lice, papule, ringworm, scabies, and warts
list the contagious skin pathologies.
90/75 mg
what is the DRI for ascorbic acid (men/women)
underneath the dermis
where is superficial fascia (hypodermis) located
vitamin d (calciferol)
builds and maintains strong bones
cold application
__________ is the safest, simplest, and most effective method for reducing pain and swelling in injuries and has replaced the use of heat in many clinics
upper intake levels
UL
skin
what is the largest organ of the body
melanin
what provides the coloring of our skin, hair, and eyes
salt glow
using wet salt
skin cancer
can be helped with early detection and treatment. avoid overexposure to the sun. dark skinned peeps have more melanin which make them less prone to skin cancer
keratin
what are nails made up of
radiation
3/4 (heat moves into the body... )infrared lamps
absorb
the skin has the ability to _______. (oxygen, CO2, fat solubule vitamins... a,d, e, and k.., steroids, resins of certain plants, organic suluvant, and salts of heavy muscles
skin pallor
and unnatural paleness or lack of color in the skin
5/5 mcg
what is the DRI for vitamin d (men/women)
age spots or liver spots
more common in older people. from sun damage. not ci
vasoconstriction
cold applications cause the skin to blanch initially resulting from _________; the skin then becomes hyperemic and a burning sensation may be felt as heat is carried to the application site by the blood stream in attempt to warm the area
fomentation
what is another name for a hot pack
a, d, e, and k
fat soluble vitamins
sedative
lavender causes a ________ effect
stress
steam baths are indicated for what condition
pyridoxine
another name for vit b6
provitamin
they must undergo chemical reactions within the body before they can function. ie: vit a
athletes foot
aka. linea pedis. is a contagious superficial fungal infection of the foot. characterized by discoloration and a ring of red tissue. local ci
vita
____ means life
hands, face, lip, jaw, tounge, and genitals
what regions of the body have the most sensory receptors
biotin
another name for vit b7
steam canopy
_____ is an expensive way to offer steam treatments
macronutrient
needed in larger quantities
thermotherapy
external application of heat for therapeutic purposes
water
which vitamin are filtered from blood by kidneys
increased blood flow
hot or warm application cause an initial action of _____
harm your client
extreme hot and cold can ________
all
what application decreases pain
vitamin e (tocopherol)
best sources: wheat germ oil, almonds, sunflower seeds, sunflower oil, safflower oil, and hazelnuts
vitamin d (calciferol)
best sources: sunlight, cod liver oil, salmon, mackerel, tuna, and sardines
cyanotic
the blood doesnt have enough oxygen
sudoriferous glands
the function of ____________. -> regulates body temp and eliminates waste product
pale
vasoconstriction causes the skin to look ______
10 parts water and 1 part bleach
if body fluids come in contact with therapy equipment clean it with _________
saline water
containing dissolved salts used for it purgative effects
sulfer water
used for its cleansing effects
sleroderma
an autoimmune disorder affecting blood vessels and connective tissue. fibrous degeneration of the connective tissue occurs in the skin, lungs, and internal organs. most common in middle age women. death may occur because of cardiac, renal, pulmonary or intestinal involvement. not contagious. not ci unless extreme
epidermis
when you see stratum.... think of the layers of the
antioxidants
donate electrons to stabilize high reactive chemicals. they help stop tissue damage and decrease cellular function
65-80
what temp is cool
vitamin d
_____ stimulates the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from food
dermis and epidermis
what are the two distinct regions of the skin
decubitus ulcers
aka bed sores. caused by constant deficiency of blood to the tissues usually over boney projections. occurs in bedridden patients. local ci
hair root plexuses
what is another name for hair follicle receptors
1st degree
burn that damages the epidermis. ie: mild sunburn
vasoconstriction
what happens in the firs 9-16 mins of a cold application
detoxifying
increasing and decreasing blood and lymph flow, hydrotherapy application can assist the body in ________
sebum
sebaceous glands secrete
calciferol
another name for vit d
vitamin d
our skin synthesizes ______.
prolonged cold
what application softens the fascia
32, 124
water temp below ____ and above _____ can cause tissue damage
3rd degree
destroys the epidermis. not painful. usually requires skin grafting. local ci
salude per auqa
the letters SPA were scribbled on marble walls of ancient public baths of rome, this coded message was translated to mean _________ which literally means health or healing through water
collagen
what is the main component of connective tissue
border
B ( abcdef method of mole assesment)
pruritis
means severe itching of the skin. its caused by many things. local ci
carbs, lipids, and proteins
the three macronutrients
vitamin b1 (thiamine)
function: aids in communication between nerves and cells. helps the body metabolize carbs and fat to produce energy. essential for normal growth and development. helps maintain proper funtion of the heart, nervous, and digestive systems
hubbard tank
when water immersion is combined with light exercise, a ________ is used
contrast methods
____________ are beneficial because it intensifies the circulatory effects on the tissues. also helps remove metabolic waste
98-104
what temp is hot
conduction
1/4 (heat moves into the body...) hot packs, immersion baths
212 degrees
water turns to vapor at ______
homeostasis, hydrotherapy
the bodys ability to maintain ______ is the key the unlocks the benefits of _______
cryotherapy
external, therapeutic application of cold
cryokinetics
the application of cold packs followed by full range of motion
parafango
a mixture of volcanic ash and wax is called
milligrams
mg
rosacea
a chronic form of acne
herpes simplex
aka cold sores or fever blisters. highyl contagious viral infection. triggered by uv radiation, hormonal changes, or emotional upset. XXXXXXX! ( and i dont mean X as in ****... dirty susan!!)
900/700 mcg
what is the DRI for vitamin a? ( men/women..)
water soluble vitamins
are able to move freely across cell membranes, allowing them to be absorbed directyl into the blood
hydrotherapy and spa techniques
are ways for massage therapists to increase your repertoire of modalities
riboflavin
another name for b2
20 minutes
more than ______ of cold application can cause tissue damage. frostbite and hypothermia
4
heat moves into the body in _____ methods
vitamin b1 (thiamine)
best sources: green peas, spinach, liver, beef, pork, navy beans, nuts, pinto beans, bananas, soy beans, goji berries, whole grains, breads, yeast, the aleurone layer of unpolished rice, and legumes
psoriasis
characterized by red, flaky skin elevations covered by a thick, dry, silvery scales. it is not contagious but exacerbated by stress. not ci
16/14 mg
what is the DRI for niacin (men/women)
keratin, melanin
the skin also provides waterproofing through protein called ______ and uv protection by a substance called _______
2nd degree
burn. symptoms are swelling, blistering, and pain. may scar. healing time is 7 days to 4 weeks. very painful
2/3 alcohol and water
how do you make a homemade cold pack. get a zip lock bag filled with _____________
uv light
what stimulates the formation of melanin
105-120 degrees
how hot is a steam bath
bruise
aka contusion. the discoloration is caused by a blow. local ci
vitamin k (phylloquinone)
best sources: veggies: collard greens, spinach, broccoli, asparagus, brussel sprouts, and salad greens
two million
how many sweat glands do we have
whirl pool
for soaking
tension and insomnia
a sauna is indicated for what conditions
elevated
E ( abcdef method of mole assesment)
170-210 degrees
how hot is a sauna
140
most water heaters are set at
protection
one of the functions of the skin is ______. it forms a physical, biological, and chemical barrier.
gate theory
both hot and cold application reduce pain and discomfort through the
increased circulation
rosemary causes ___________
basal cell carcinoma
accounts for 75% of all cancers. characterized by lesions that begin as small, raised nodules that ulcerate. primarily caused by EXCESSIVE exposure to SUNLIGHT. this type is the least dangerous( but the most common) and rarely metastiasizes or spreads
blister
a _____ results from the dermis and epidermis separaring because of friction
free radicals
they take electrons from other chemicals in cells. reducing their ability to function causing tissue damage
hair follicles
what are pouchlike depressions that enclose the hair shaft
sudoriferous
sweat glands are called
poor nutrition or disease
what is happening if the nail has white spots
warts
aka verruca. is a mass of cutaneous elevations caused by a contagious virus. some can be cancerous. local
papule
ie: wart, zit (with no pus in it) local if wart
goosebumps
when the arrector pili muscles contrat it causes
diameter
D ( abcdef method of mole assesment)
eczema
a chronic dermatitis or inflammation of the skin characterized by redness, watery discharge, crusting, scaling, itching, and burning. may be hereditary but is not contagious. not ci unless areas are open and watery
hydrocollator
a specialized hot pack consisting of a canvis pouch filled with silicon granules. they are 165 degrees!
skin tags
are just tiny flaps of skin most common in middle aged women typically located around the neck, upper chest, armpit, and groin. some are genetic; others are a result of clothes rubbing on skin. not ci
niacin
another name for b3
fast growing
F ( abcdef method of mole assesment)
it may irritate certain conditions
why is heat contraindicated for certain conditions
hyperemic
heat applications cause the skin to become ________ ( increases blood flow) this results from dilation of blood vessels; perspiration is produced in an attempt to cool the body
hydrotherapy (externally)
by using ________, the internal flow of water (blood and lymph) can be changed to assist the healing process, move oxygen and nutrients to a desired location, and remove toxins
physiological effect
the greater the difference between the body temp and the water temp, the greater the________
32 degrees
water turns to ice at ________
pantothenic acid
another name for vit b5
sea salt, epsom salt, and baking soda
what are the 3 most commonly used minerals added to water
color
C ( abcdef method of mole assesment)
vitamin d
signals the intestines to absorb more calcium to support bone growth
ascorbic acid
another name for vit c
melanin
albinism- cannont produce...
jockich and ringworm
athletes foot is the same fungus that causes...
prespiration, sudoriferous glands
our skin helps regulate the bodys temperature by allowing heat to dissipate and through _________ by specialized glands called _____. this is also a way to eliminate wastes
no
can compression wraps help you loose weight
spa tub
similar to a whirl pool but the water is treated to remain clean and sanitary for multiple uses
prolonged heat
wheras _________________ application depresses blood flow and increases swelling and inflammation
melanocytes
____ contributes to the color of the skin, hair, eye iris, and absorption of uv light
stimuli
the skin recieves _______, such as pain, pressure, heat, cold etc.
hot tub
for soaking without the agitated water
moisten mucus membrane
a steam bath at 100% humidity helps what ______. however, it may be more difficult to breathe
body wrap
the principle behind a _______. raise their temp so they can sweat. it gets rid of wastes and open pores
sebaceous
oil glands are called
furnucle
a boil or abscess caused by the staphylococcal bacteria in a skin gland or hair follicle. local ci
80-92
what temp is tepid
water
which types of vitamins need to be consumed on a daily basis
conversion
4/4 ( heat moves into the body...) diathermy, ultrasound
prolonged cold
what application causes a deep response
ringworm
aka tinea corporis. a fungal disease. characterized by itching, scaling, and painful lesions manifested as a red ring patch. XXXXX
55-65
what temp is cold
arrector pili
what is the name of your hair muscles
corns
thickened cone-shaped skin resulting from repeated friction or pressure primarily over toe joints and between toes. not ci
water
which vitamin are found in water compartments of fruits and veggies
elastin
what are the pliable fibers called
water
is the universal solvent, and the electrolytes of the body follow the flow of ______
sitz bath
a sitting bath with the water covering the hips and coming up to the naval
coenzymes, hormones, and antioxidants
what are some of the ways that vitamins function in the body
phylloquinone
another name for vit k
8.33 lbs
how much does a gallon of water weigh
lunula
the moon shaped structure at the base of the nail is the
thiamin
another name for vit b1
pain. nociceptors
what do free nerve endings detect
micrograms
mcg
menstral relief and post childbirth pain
a sitz bath is indicated for what conditions
deep tissue vasodilation
if cold application continues after 16 mins sudden __________ occurs. lasting 4 -6 mins
fat
which vitamin is found in fats and oils
infusion
tea made from steeping the parts of the plant
sweat
sudoriferous glands secrete
russian bath
steam cabinet where the head is exposed is called _________
skin pigment
vitiligo- partial or total loss of
lice
highly contagious. XXXXXXXXXX
body scrub
exfoliant
decreased blood flow
brief cold application causes initial action of constrictions blood vessels causing_______
104-110
what temp is very hot
seborrhea
a skin disease of the sebaceous gland with an increase in the amount of oily secretions. local ci
circular friction
ice massage combines use of ice with _________
blister
caused by pressure of friction. do not drain. local ci
body polish
buffer
increases blood flow
prolonged cold application produces a reaction that stimulates dialation of blood vessels causing _______. this also reduces swelling and decreases inflammation
aa
a
fat soluble vitamins
require specific carrier molecules to be transported through the body for storage in fat cells or in the liver
coldness, cooling, burning, stinging, aching, and numbness
during a cold application what sensations are being felt by the client
15-30 minutes
one cycle of cold application ( vasoconstriction adn vasodilation) takes about _________.IT IS CALLED THE HUNTING RESPONSE <---
tocopherol
another name for vit e
adequate intakes
AI
retinol
another name for vitamin a
pustule
a pimple (filled with pus ;)) local ci
squamous cell carcinoma
more agressive than basal cell carcinoma. 20% of cases. common in sun exposed areas are in the mouth or on the lips. wear sunblock everyday. uv still gets through clouds
110+
what temp is painfully hot
5-10 minutes or until numb
how long does an ice massage last
prolonged cold
what application numbs the skin

Deck Info

239

permalink